The Politics of Difference in Films Race Gender Sexual Preference The issue here is whether Hollywood-made or other types of films can directly confront these types of issues -- and, if so, under what conditions.
The Politics of Sexual Preference inFilms How are gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals (GLBTs) represented in films? What sorts of stories about GLBTs get made into films? Do GLBTs have positions of power in the making of Hollywood films (or other types of films)?
Lesbian/Gay Stereotypes The Sissy (male with effeminate mannerisms) Girls in Prison (thinly veiled allusions)
Serious Films That Deal withMale Homosexuality The Boys in the Band (1970) Kiss of the Spider Woman (1985) Maurice (1987) Philadelphia (1993) The Bird Cage (1996) Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997) Wilde (1997)
Common Themes in Serious Filmsabout Gays Risk of AIDS monogamous relationships vs. promiscuity violations of civil rights of gays change in the legal environment staying in the closet vs. defiance of laws outlawing homosexuality coming out of the closet in a more permissive environment
Films about Lesbians The Children’s Hour (1961) Personal Best (1982) Lianna (1983) Basic Instinct (1992) Claire of the Moon (1992) Chasing Amy (1997) <>
Famous Gay Actors Peter Lorre Laurence Olivier Tony Curtis Rock Hudson Raymond Burr Anthony Perkins Ian McKellen
Famous Lesbian Actresses Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich Tallulah Bankhead Louise Brooks Lily Tomlin Anne Heche Drew Barrymore Angelina Jolie
Openly Gay Directors John Waters Pink Flamingos Female Trouble Polyester Hairspray Serial Mom Andy Warhol Edith Marshall Divine Heat
Openly Lesbian Directors Dorothy Arzner (Working Girls, The Bride Wore Red) Sally Potter (Tango Lessons, Orlando) Rose Troche (Go Fish) Patricia Rozema (Personal Best, Lianna, Desert Hearths) Monika Treut (Seduction: The Cruel Woman, My Father is Coming)
Issues in the Politics of Difference inHollywood Films Misrepresentation Under-representation Too many cliches about the group in stories chosen for films Need for a greater variety of voices in the media generally vs. the essentially commercial motivations of the industry