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Creating Critical Classrooms Jerome C. Harste (Indiana University)
I see curriculum as a metaphor for the lives we want to live and the people we want to be.
Directions for Making a Little Book
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
What Do We Mean by Literacy Now? *Multiple Literacies (Different Cultures/Different Literacies) (Multiple Ways of Knowing)...
A Language Arts Program  for the 21 st  Century Emphasis has to be on Critical <ul><li>Meaning-Making </li></ul><ul><li>La...
Meaning-Making .
Components <ul><li>Writers’ Workshop (Uninterrupted Writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Read Aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Stu...
Journal Examples (Center for Inquiry) “ I want to be a golfer when I grow up.  They get $116,000.00 a game!!” --Mike, 2 nd...
Multicultural Literature Social Issue Books http://mypage.iu.edu/~harste
Sketch to Stretch (Using Clay) Save the Last Word for the Artist --Harste, Short w/ Burke
Reading From Different Stances --Lewison, Leland, & Harste Metaphorical Philosophical Aesthetic Analytical Intertextual Cr...
Linda Christensen’s Target-Perpetrator- Bystander-Ally Strategy 4 Columns *Target *Perpetrator *Bystander *Ally
Text Sets
Language Study
Jean Anne Clyde’s Subtext Strategy Art Piece: Henri Matisse:  “ The Music Lesson
Subtext Strategy: Teacher Pupil Parent Administrator or other teachers What would they say? What would they really think?
Collin Lankshear “ Truth in government and education no longer exists as we have known it.  Since Bush, “truth” is simply ...
. Lingering in Text  (Sumara 2002) “ The King’s son decided to have a party.  He invited anybody who was anybody in the ki...
Begun to focus our study of language on issues of discourse
Metaphors & Frames “ Wars erupted frequently in North America in the 1600s and 1700s as  rival groups clashed with each ot...
. Begun to use  “ the everyday” as text <ul><li>*Who wrote this text? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was this text  </li></ul><ul><...
 
Billboards for the rich, spray cans for the poor. Graffiti
. -- James Paul Gee (2004) “ Kids are learning more about what it means to be literate outside of school  than in school.”
 
 Original Ad Counter-Ads
What thing(s) do you find somewhat problematic about this book and the  story being told? How did the author use language ...
Inquiry-Based Learning
Critical Literacy Reframes Inquiry to Emphasize the need to: <ul><li>Be consciously aware of our new understandings </li><...
Look closely and see See deeply and ask Ask wisely and know Know quietly and look Just Wondering
Look carefully and see See sharply and ask    Ask brightly and know   Know lightly and look 
Look clearly and see See shrewdly and ask Ask widely and know   Know … wonderingly   Laurence Smith, Poet, 2010 Jerome C. ...
Photos from the Center for Inquiry, Indianapolis
Audit Trail
Focused Studies Initiating Experiences Wonderful Questions Booklet Invitations Public Sharing Demonstrations Culminating E...
How might schools be improved to enhance learning? What are schools that are trying to make a difference doing? What const...
Things That Could Be Done <ul><li>Reflect upon your own experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Use the internet to identify schools...
Charles Sanders Pierce <ul><li>“ Facts are best seen as beliefs at rest.” </li></ul>
“ Results don’t really matter,  just the appearance of holding  someone accountable.” Rober C. Koehler Chicago Tribune Rep...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Curriculum <ul><li>Carolyn Burke says the function of curriculum is to give perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>I want to add t...
Have A Laugh!!
 
Have a Blast!!!
 
 
<ul><li>Conducting a Focused Study </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating Engagements  – Survey, What do we already know? </li></ul>...
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Texas

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  1. 1. Creating Critical Classrooms Jerome C. Harste (Indiana University)
  2. 2. I see curriculum as a metaphor for the lives we want to live and the people we want to be.
  3. 3. Directions for Making a Little Book
  4. 17. What Do We Mean by Literacy Now? *Multiple Literacies (Different Cultures/Different Literacies) (Multiple Ways of Knowing) *Critical Literacies (Literacy as Social Practice) (Methods as Social Practice) *Changing Times: Changing Definitions
  5. 18. A Language Arts Program for the 21 st Century Emphasis has to be on Critical <ul><li>Meaning-Making </li></ul><ul><li>Language Study </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry </li></ul>
  6. 19. Meaning-Making .
  7. 20. Components <ul><li>Writers’ Workshop (Uninterrupted Writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Read Aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Studies (Wide Reading) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy Lessons (Reading & Writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Ways of Knowing </li></ul>
  8. 21. Journal Examples (Center for Inquiry) “ I want to be a golfer when I grow up. They get $116,000.00 a game!!” --Mike, 2 nd Grade “ Last night was my birthday. We went to Ice Kapades. It costed $46 a ticket.” -- Tanya, 1 st Grade
  9. 22. Multicultural Literature Social Issue Books http://mypage.iu.edu/~harste
  10. 23. Sketch to Stretch (Using Clay) Save the Last Word for the Artist --Harste, Short w/ Burke
  11. 24. Reading From Different Stances --Lewison, Leland, & Harste Metaphorical Philosophical Aesthetic Analytical Intertextual Critical
  12. 25. Linda Christensen’s Target-Perpetrator- Bystander-Ally Strategy 4 Columns *Target *Perpetrator *Bystander *Ally
  13. 26. Text Sets
  14. 27. Language Study
  15. 28. Jean Anne Clyde’s Subtext Strategy Art Piece: Henri Matisse: “ The Music Lesson
  16. 29. Subtext Strategy: Teacher Pupil Parent Administrator or other teachers What would they say? What would they really think?
  17. 30. Collin Lankshear “ Truth in government and education no longer exists as we have known it. Since Bush, “truth” is simply a matter of what narrative you can spin.”
  18. 31. . Lingering in Text (Sumara 2002) “ The King’s son decided to have a party. He invited anybody who was anybody in the kingdom to come.” --from Cinderella Critical Literacy Study Group Washington, DC (Vasquez)
  19. 32. Begun to focus our study of language on issues of discourse
  20. 33. Metaphors & Frames “ Wars erupted frequently in North America in the 1600s and 1700s as rival groups clashed with each other and with the resident Indians.” -- Smithsonian National Museum of American History, “The Price of Freedom: Americans at War” special exhibit.
  21. 34. . Begun to use “ the everyday” as text <ul><li>*Who wrote this text? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was this text </li></ul><ul><li>written? </li></ul><ul><li>*Who is it written for? </li></ul><ul><li>*Whose voices are not </li></ul><ul><li>included? Or what </li></ul><ul><li>wasn’t said? </li></ul><ul><li>*How could it be? </li></ul>
  22. 36. Billboards for the rich, spray cans for the poor. Graffiti
  23. 37. . -- James Paul Gee (2004) “ Kids are learning more about what it means to be literate outside of school than in school.”
  24. 39.  Original Ad Counter-Ads
  25. 40. What thing(s) do you find somewhat problematic about this book and the story being told? How did the author use language to get us to accept a simple solutions to a complex problem? How else might this have been handled more honestly?
  26. 41. Inquiry-Based Learning
  27. 42. Critical Literacy Reframes Inquiry to Emphasize the need to: <ul><li>Be consciously aware of our new understandings </li></ul><ul><li>Interrogate what is taken-for-granted </li></ul><ul><li>Try on alternate ways of being </li></ul><ul><li>Take social action </li></ul>Hillary Janks
  28. 43. Look closely and see See deeply and ask Ask wisely and know Know quietly and look Just Wondering
  29. 44. Look carefully and see See sharply and ask    Ask brightly and know   Know lightly and look 
  30. 45. Look clearly and see See shrewdly and ask Ask widely and know   Know … wonderingly   Laurence Smith, Poet, 2010 Jerome C. Harste, Artist, 2010
  31. 46. Photos from the Center for Inquiry, Indianapolis
  32. 47. Audit Trail
  33. 48. Focused Studies Initiating Experiences Wonderful Questions Booklet Invitations Public Sharing Demonstrations Culminating Experiences
  34. 49. How might schools be improved to enhance learning? What are schools that are trying to make a difference doing? What constitutes a good education in parents’ eyes?
  35. 50. Things That Could Be Done <ul><li>Reflect upon your own experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Use the internet to identify schools and possible contacts </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, make a field trip (or several) </li></ul><ul><li>Interview parents (and other stakeholders) </li></ul><ul><li>Keep exploring- -push yourself to think critically and outside the box </li></ul>
  36. 51. Charles Sanders Pierce <ul><li>“ Facts are best seen as beliefs at rest.” </li></ul>
  37. 52. “ Results don’t really matter, just the appearance of holding someone accountable.” Rober C. Koehler Chicago Tribune Reporter “ Schools in Orange Jumpsuits ”
  38. 80. Curriculum <ul><li>Carolyn Burke says the function of curriculum is to give perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>I want to add that it isn’t good enough for the teacher to just have perspective; the kids need to “think curriculum” too; they need to know and understand “the big picture” and why exploring and uncertainty is not only part of the process but what gives us hope. </li></ul>
  39. 81. Have A Laugh!!
  40. 83. Have a Blast!!!
  41. 86. <ul><li>Conducting a Focused Study </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating Engagements – Survey, What do we already know? </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations – What inquiry skills do you want them to learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Invitations – How might you enlarge their vision? </li></ul><ul><li>Resources -- What resources could support their inquiries? </li></ul><ul><li>Culminating Experiences – How can we share what we are learning? </li></ul>

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