BATCH PRODUCTION SYSTEM
All the products manufactured under a batch are similar in
terms of type, cost, efforts, consumption of materials or
Batch production is the manufacture of a number of
identical articles either to meet a specific order or to meet a
continuous demand. Batch can be manufactured either-
or repeatedly at irregular time intervals as and when demand
or repeatedly at regular time intervals to satisfy a
The following are the important characteristics of batch type
As final product is somewhat standard and manufactured in
batches, economy of scale can be availed to some extent.
Machines are grouped on functional basis similar to the job
Semi automatic, special purpose automatic machines are
generally used to take advantage of the similarity among the
Labor should be skilled enough to work upon different
In process inventory is usually high owing to the type of
layout and material handling policies adopted.
Semi automatic material handling systems are most
appropriate in conjunction with the semi automatic machines.
Normally production planning and control is difficult due to
the odd size and non repetitive nature of order.
cost of product design per unit is
Economies of production
Flow of materials can be
Automation and mechanization
X Varying customer demands
X Not appropriate for pull system
Batch production flows
In batch production flows, the production schedule is
decided according to specific orders or are based on the
demand forecasts. Here, the production of items takes
place in lots or batches. A product is divided into different
jobs. All jobs of one batch of production must be completed
before starting the next batch of production.
Examples of batch production flows include, manufacturing
of drugs and pharmaceuticals, medium and heavy