Basic knowledge about delivery process


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Basic knowledge about delivery process

  1. 1. 2nd year human development practical Submitted by group II (Aishwarya, Damini, Harshita) Submitted to Mrs. Joyti meena
  2. 2. TYEPS OF DELIVERY PROCESS  Vaginal birth-Done normally in each case. (Normal human birth) It is a normal delivery process in which child birth takes place by passing through vaginal passage Of the mother.  Caesarean birth-Done during serious cases. (By operation ) In this process child birth is not normal but an operation took place for delivery
  3. 3. Caesarean birth
  4. 4. There are three stages for delivery process First stage- Before active labour starts, your body goes through some changes in preparation, so it's not always easy to tell exactly when labour has started. When your baby is ready to be born, the balance of hormones (chemicals found naturally in your body) changes and makes your cervix (the neck of your womb) become softer and shorter. Hormones also cause you to have contractions. The muscles in your womb tense and relax so that your cervix stretches and opens (dilates) It may take some time for the contractions to become regular but they will gradually get stronger and closer together.
  5. 5. Most women are healthy and have a straightforward pregnancy and labour. More than eight out of 10 women give birth vaginally to a single baby after 37 weeks of their pregnancy with the baby being born head first.
  6. 6. At first you may only have a contraction every 15 to 30 minutes. After a while, they will be more frequent and stronger, occurring every two to three minutes. The length of time that each contraction lasts is usually between 10 and 40 seconds, but this will be different for every woman. When you have a contraction, you will feel a build-up of tension across your abdomen (tummy), pain in your back and possibly also between your thighs and low down in your pelvis. You may also find that your waters break. This is a normal part of labour and is when the bag of fluid that surrounds your baby breaks as your cervix widens. It's also referred to as your membranes rupturing. The fluid may rush out in one go or in a steady leak.
  7. 7. When the woman feels the pressure of baby moving down the birthing canal, she will feel a need to push. This pushing action, combined with the muscle contractions of the uterus will move baby slowly down the birthing canal toward the opening of the vaginal. While many mothers and father simply do not understand how baby will fit through the canal, the female body is made to handle just this movement.
  8. 8. Process going on from first stage to second.
  9. 9. Second stage-The second stage of labour is when you give birth to your baby. It usually lasts about one to two hours. As your baby's head gets lower, you will eventually feel a strong urge to push and this helps your baby to be born. This is a unique feeling which your body does of its own accord. You will still be having contractions to help you push, though they may be less frequent but longer. You may feel more comfortable if you are upright, kneeling, sitting or squatting. As you push, your baby moves further down through your pelvis until his or her head stays at the entrance to your vagina between contractions. This is called 'crowning' and means your baby is about to be born. Usually, your baby’s head is born first, followed by the shoulders and the rest of the body.
  10. 10. As pressure on the cervix increases, women may have the sensation of pelvic pressure and an urge to begin pushing , the head is fully engaged in the pelvis; the widest diameter of the head has passed below the level of the pelvic inlet. The fetal head then continues descent into the pelvis, below the pubic arch and out through the vaginalintroitus (opening). This is assisted by the additional maternal efforts of "bearing down" or pushing Complete expulsion of the baby signals the success
  11. 11. Third stage-This is when the placenta and membranes that held your baby in the womb are passed out of your body. As your baby's shoulders are being born, you will be given an injection of a hormone called oxytocin, or a combination of oxytocin and a medicine called ergometrine. Within about two minutes, these cause your womb to contract strongly to help reduce serious bleeding. The umbilical cord is clamped and cut about two to three minutes after your baby is born. The midwife or doctor will then deliver the placenta by pulling gently with one hand on the part of the umbilical cord that is still attached to it.
  12. 12. The period from just after the fetus is expelled until just after the placenta is expelled is called the third stage. The umbilical cord is routinely clamped and cut in this stage. General hospital-based obstetric practice introduces artificial clamping as early as 1 minute after the birth of the child. In birthing centers, this may be delayed by 5 minutes or more, or omitted entirely. Delayed clamping of the cord decreases the risk of anemia but may increase risk of jaundice. Clamping is followed by cutting of the cord, which is painless due to the absence of nerves.
  13. 13. Placental expulsion begins as a physiological separation from the wall of the uterus. The period from just after the fetus is expelled until just after the placenta is expelled is called the third stage of labour. The average time from delivery of the baby until complete expulsion of the placenta is estimated to be 10–12 minutes dependent on whether active or expectant management is employed