Information technology


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Information technology

  1. 1. Information Technology BTE363/364
  2. 2. Changes in Curriculum • Courses have evolved from emphasis on “how to” and hands-on to understanding concepts & ways to use technology to solve problems
  3. 3. Question of Tool or Content • Information technology can be viewed as either • Examples???
  4. 4. High School Curriculum • NBEA National Standards emphasize information technology as a tool • Courses include – Keyboarding and document formatting – Computer applications – Advanced applications classes in • • • • • • Desktop publishing Database management Web page design Programming Networking Systems management
  5. 5. College Curriculum • Courses may have different titles • Content tends to be similar – Mix of information technology (software skills) & management information systems (conceptual knowledge)
  6. 6. Industry Certification • Software vendors offer certification programs & “partnership” agreement with private training firms & schools • Certification is based completion of courses and/or experiential work and passing examinations • Web sites outline the requirements for certification and provide help
  7. 7. Strategies for Teaching • Vary among course & content • Emphasize critical thinking • Aid student in developing higher order thinking & skills • Foster the ability to work cooperatively with others
  8. 8. Generic Strategies • • • • • • • • • • • • Specify objectives Explore possible uses of software Demonstrate features Sequence instruction from simple to complex Troubleshoot problems with students Emphasize software has multiple ways to accomplish same task Use tutorials after a brief introduction Use a variety of assessment tools Prepare & use self-timed PowerPoint quizzes Integrate examples from other disciplines & courses Have alternative plans in case of technology failure Use small group & cooperative learning; make group heterogeneous
  9. 9. Word Processing • Emphasize terminology • Use case problems & constructivist approach (problem solving) • Give a sample document & have students replicate it • Require students to revise a document that uses communication skills, proofreading, & computer skills • Have students use word processing software to complete written assignments • Use fill-in the blank assignments for terms & concepts
  10. 10. Spreadsheet Software • Beginning instruction should concentrate on applications students are familiar with • Encourage students to use Help files • Cluster concepts such as cell formatting & number display • Have students plan & sketch out final product; anticipate results of calculations • Explain formulas • Require students to use formulas & absolute values • Discuss other ways to solve problem using spreadsheet • Develop applications that draw from other areas of study • Have students duplicate tables from business magazines or newspapers • Illustrate importance of proper scaling & data ranges using examples • Integrate charts & graphs into word processing documents or presentations
  11. 11. Database • If database software is not available, use table feature of spreadsheets to teach concepts • Illustrate how data is handled manually • Explain how computers store data • Invite guest speakers such as database administrators & take field trips • Integrate Internet • Use student information to create common database table • Let students use car advertisements, sports data, etc. to create a database • Use library search systems for illustrations
  12. 12. Graphics & Presentation Graphics • Start out with simple draw/paint software such as Microsoft Paint • Teach students about file size • Teach students how to use the slide master feature in PowerPoint • Use the Internet to find tips on multimedia presentations • Discuss importance of intended audience • Use groups to develop a presentation • Teach students how to hyperlink
  13. 13. Internet Software • Develop business questions for students to answer using the Internet • Use online financial calculators in a finance class • Have students track stock prices • Have students access regional stock markets, foreign companies, & governments • Compare company websites • Develop criteria for what makes a good website • Discuss HTML using browser’s view codes • Develop unit on Internet maintenance
  14. 14. Desktop Publishing • Students must learn terms, concepts & problems solving related to publishing & printing • Have students imports special characters as graphics • Have students use Word Art and autoshapes • Have students use the Windows Paint accessory • Have students use scanning software & photo editing • Have students create business forms • Teach flyers, business cards, letterhead, certificates, logos, posters, nametags, etc. • Invite guest speakers; take field trips • Be flexible; allow students to do projects that interest them
  15. 15. Web Design • Create units that emphasize concepts or applications such as recording & editing sound, working with still & motion graphics, etc. • Have students create different types of web sites • Set up a website for a student organization • Have groups “beta” test other group’s website • Use online help to determine scripting needed for some advanced tasks (hit counters, site searches, scrollable text, etc.)
  16. 16. Computer Networking • Use older machines for students to cable & network 2 or more machines • Visit a company with a LAN • Invite speakers • Use the Internet to find available hardware & software • Have students develop a proposal for a LAN
  17. 17. Multimedia • Break class down into smaller units • Develop situation cards and use them for small group brainstorming • Use a major project to bring small units together • Encourage students to create separate folders for each project to avoid linking problems • Take advantage of shareware • Have students work in small groups • Take advantage of online help & other selfdirected software aids
  18. 18. The End!