As the non renewables resources are estimated to perish in coming years. More focus shoud be laid on encouraging renewable resources, which includes wind , small hydro, biomass, and solar. India has witnessed an unprecedented growth in solar installations over past 1 year from showcasing approximately 56 mw in 2011 to around 1060 mw of solar power in 2012,.solar energy can be one of the best solutions to the energy crisis of india. Solar radiation across 85% Country can be termed as good to excellent and hence majority of Country is ideal for use of Solar Energy. As compared to this Wind Energy can only be used in around 30% of the Country
crop residues, woods , and mustard oil are the major contributors to biomass energy. 2% of power in india is generated by these resourcesThe tides are perfectly predictable, regular, and the India contains miles of coastline for energy exploitation.
. As power generated goes up because of higher wind resistance proportional to the cube of relative velocity, more power can be generated
Power sector in india
POWER SECTOR IN
HISTORY OF POWER SECTOR IN INDIA
• The Indian Power Industry before independence was controlled
firmly by the British.
• In 1947, the country had a power generating capacity of 1,362 MW.
• Electricity Supply Act of 1948- establishment of CEA (Central
Electricity Authority)and SEB’s(State Electricity Boards)
• SEB’s became the autonomous agencies for supplying power
• CEA was essentially advisory rather than executive.
• The Industrial Policy Resolution of 1956- generation and
distribution of electricity almost exclusively for the states
• Amendment in 1976 –establishment of NTPC Ltd, NHPC, NEEPCO,
Mysore (now Karnataka) Power Corporation etc.
HISTORY OF POWER SECTOR IN INDIA
• Until 1991, power sector in the states was managed by one large entity
that generated, transmitted and distributed power, under the
respective State Ministries of Power.
• Liberalisation of 1991-privatization of Orissa power utility.
• The paradigm shift-Electricity act, 2003
SEBs will no longer exist in the existing form.
mandates licensee-free thermal generation.
non-discriminatory open access of the transmission system.
gradual implementation of open access in the distribution
The first demonstration of electric light in Calcutta was conducted
on 24 July 1879 by P W Fleury & Co.
Mumbai saw electric lighting demonstration for the first time in
1882 at Crawford Market.
The first hydroelectric installation in India was installed near a tea
estate at Sidrapong for the Darjeeling Municipality in 1897.
The first electric train ran between Bombay's Victoria Terminus and
Kurla along the Harbour Line, in 1925.
• 5th largest producer
• Fourth largest consumer of electricity after USA, China and Russia.
This accounts for 3.4 per cent of the global energy consumption
• Still, 33% of rural and 6% of urban India is out of access to
• Transmission network & Capacity
• 98,367 circuit Km’s of transmission lines at 800/765kV, 400kV,
220kV and 132kV and +500kV levels
• 160 sub-stations
• Transformation capacity is about 1,57,158 MVA as on January 31,
• As per the current stats, the International Energy Agency estimates
India needs an investment of at least $135 billion to provide
universal access of electricity to its population.
India’s Installed Generation Capacity 10.24
225.13 GW as on
May 31, 2013.
Renewable Energy Sources
Demand vs. Availability
•Growth in energy demand has
consistently outpaced growth in
Power Generated – How does it flow?
Where does it go?
Transmission System –
Losses - 15%
Pilferage -35% losses
Billed to consumer –
Energy usefully consumed –
42 units (max.)
• Shortage of coal and gas
• Skilled manpower for construction and
commissioning of projects.
• Land acquisition and Rehabilitation.
• Environmental and Forest Concerns.
• Inter-state and Contractual issues
• Geological Surprises
Accelerate captive mine development
Use of renewable sources.
Strengthen governance to drive implementation.
Improve monitoring mechanisms.
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
• Aims at…
▫Electrifying all villages and habitations.
▫Providing access to electricity to all rural households.
▫Giving Electricity Connection to Below Poverty Line (BPL)
families free of charge.
• Main Features
▫All ongoing schemes merged in “Rajiv Gandhi Grameen
Vidyutikaran Yojana” (RGGVY)
▫90% grant and 10% loan
▫Electrification as per new definition
NPSU:- NTPC, PGCIL, NHPCL, DVC
State electricity board
State government power department.
Co-operative society and NGO’s
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen
Vidhyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
Project Outlay and Coverage (All India)
under 10th Plan
under 11th Plan
THE COAL SCAM
WHAT IT IS!
• 1.87 lakh Crore Rupees
• Biggest scam in India by now GAINER
• Report authenticated by Comptroller
and Auditor General of India
What is the coal scam?
A question many of you would have.
WHAT IT IS!
Simply put it is a corruption scandal
where-in the Comptroller and Auditor
General of India (CAG) office has
accused the Government of India for
providing the nation's coal deposits
to private and state-run entities in an
irregular and arbitrary manner instead
of publicly auctioning them off to the
highest bidder (as is usually done for
such entities), resulting in a loss of
(US$33.67 billion) to the exchequer
during the period 2004-2009.
To g e t a n i d e a o f i t s s c a l e l e t ’ s s e e w h a t
could have bought
Politics of Nuclear Power in India
Ever heard of Wind or Solar Scientist Post?
Why is Nuclear Power Promoted in India
• Current energy policies are designed to benefit foreign
MNC’s like General electrics, Westing house etc.
• Profit for MNC’s who will provide reactor design
(Investment at Jaitpur plant is 1 lakh crore)
• Commission for Indian
Politicians, Intellectuals, Scientists etc.
• Very less scope of investment in renewable energy
• MNC’s of Nuclear power sector are too strong to let the
Renewable energy sector grow.
Renewable Power Sources
• SOLAR ENERGY – Solar radiation across 85% Country can
be termed as good to excellent and hence majority of
Country is ideal for use of Solar Energy. Growth in solar
power by approximately 56 mw in 2011 to around 1060 mw
of solar power in 2012.
• WIND ENERGY - Fastest growing renewable energy source.
Globally it grew at a rate of 27% per annum in last 10 years.
Presently india is ranked 4th in terms of wind energy
• BIOMASS - crop residues, woods , and mustard oil are the
major contributors to biomass energy. About 2% of power
in india is generated by these resources.
• TIDAL ENERGY- The tides are perfectly
predictable, regular, and the India contains miles of
coastline for energy exploitation.
Future of Energy Technology
Flying Wind Farms
• kite-like airborne turbines spinning at high
altitudes sending power down via nano-tube
cables to generate power
• Wind has more power and velocity and is more
consistently predictable. It generates about 8 –
27 times the power produced at ground level.
Future of Energy Technology
Solar Wind Energy
• The satellite launched to tap solar wind
power, instead of working like a wind
mill, where a blade attached to the turbine is
physically rotated to generate electricity, would
use charged copper wire for capturing electrons
zooming away from the sun at several hundred
kilometres per second.
• Solar wind power will generate the amount of
power that no one including the scientists
working to find new means of generating power
• Pilferage (Power theft) in India is
responsible for the disappearance of 29%
of electricity generated.
• In energy terms this amounts to 613.87