Enhancing Livelihoods through Renewable Energy –  A few case studies across India Harsha Yadav EfficientCarbon February 20...
About EfficientCarbon <ul><li>Company offering services in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Management Advisory </li></ul></u...
Our Services CARBON MANAGEMENT ADVISORY SUSTAINABILITY CONSULTING WATER MANAGEMENT ENERGY EFFICIENCY RENEWABLE ENERGY ADVI...
Science...
..has given us wonderful advancements
 
 
 
But when we flip the coin!
 
 
 
So what we need is an environment where Science, Man, Economics and The Planet can Co-Exist...
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT!
 
The Low Carbon Economy Equation <ul><li>world’s population </li></ul><ul><li>global economy </li></ul><ul><li>energy effic...
How is Sustainable Development Defined? <ul><li>“ Development that  meets the needs of the present  without compromising t...
Sustainability Defined <ul><li>A sustainable enterprise  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>looks beyond revenues  </li></ul></ul><ul><...
One aspect of Sustainable Development is the usage of Renewable Energy...
Renewable Energy
Solar Energy www.efficientcarbon.com Phone: +91 9000345588 [email_address] ©  efficientcarbon, All rights reserved
So is building up scale the only way to go for Solar? (Or for any renewable energy) We think Decentralisation is a good op...
 
Case 1 – SELCO Lighting Solutions for the Poor
SELCO – Dr. Harish Hande <ul><li>Magsaysay Award winner for 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>17 years in operation </li></ul><ul><li...
The Business Model <ul><li>Finance – the biggest hurdle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorted by organising Joint Liability Groups ...
The Results <ul><li>Increased Revenues for some beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Sec...
Lessons <ul><li>Innovation not just in technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Mode...
Case 2 – Vortex Helping Banks Connect
Banking in Rural Areas <ul><li>Rural India offers great business opportunity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>720 million people in ...
The Solution – Solar Powered ATMs <ul><li>Consumes less than 10% of the power required by a conventional ATM system.  </li...
Vortex - Grammateller <ul><li>Started development of rural ATMs in 2004 in close association with IIT-Madras </li></ul><ul...
System Design <ul><li>5 patents filed </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gravity Assisted Friction Pick” technology </li></ul><ul><li>Wor...
Lessons <ul><li>Technology for delivering solutions to the underserved. </li></ul><ul><li>Markets possible at the most une...
Case 3 – Simpa Networks Pay as you go services
The Pay As You Go Model <ul><li>Prepaid – heralded the mobile revolution in India </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Purchase <...
The Model <ul><li>The typical payback period is three to five years.  </li></ul><ul><li>At that point, the system is unloc...
But Somebody Has To Pay For It Initially <ul><li>Assets owned by Simpa Networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Large Investments by th...
Case 4 – Solar Pumping
The Problem <ul><li>Lack of Reliable Electricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing ...
A Possible Solution <ul><li>Solar Pumps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost Zero Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power whe...
Illustrative Costs Conventional 2 HP Pump set (running in 100% diesel) Conventional 2 HP Pump set (running in 50% diesel a...
The innovations we are working on <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the size of the pump by increasing eff...
Large Challenges <ul><li>Diversity of conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differen...
 
This Sector Needs You Branch Energy Solar Wind Waste to Energy Energy Efficiency  Electronics + Instrumentation  Engineeri...
Contact us <ul><ul><li>Harsha : +91 9000345588 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pradeep: +91 9052224701 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Thank You <ul><li>&quot;Sustainability is not only absolutely necessary considering the situation our planet is in, we as ...
Disclaimer <ul><li>All the pictures & logos belong to their respective owners. We don’t claim any ownership. If anyone fee...
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Building sustainable livelihoods through renewable energy cases EfficientCarbon

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Balancing issues between development through science and protecting the planet. A few case studies on how Sustainable Livelihoods can be build through Renewable Energy.

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Building sustainable livelihoods through renewable energy cases EfficientCarbon

  1. 1. Enhancing Livelihoods through Renewable Energy – A few case studies across India Harsha Yadav EfficientCarbon February 2012 Presentation on the National Science Day at Osmania University
  2. 2. About EfficientCarbon <ul><li>Company offering services in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Management Advisory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability Strategy Development and Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency and Energy Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDM – Carbon Credits Facilitation Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar and Renewable Energy Market Advisory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experience in working on Carbon Accounting, Sustainable Development, Lean Manufacturing, Regulation compliance (ISO 14001, ISO 9001, SA 8000, etc.,) and Strategy Development for Large and SME clients in Cement, Leather, Steel and Auto Industries . </li></ul><ul><li>DNV Certified Lead Auditor in implementing and auditing Environmental Management Systems for large corporations. Ex-Infosys, Deloitte and Titan employees with highest professional integrity and specialised in consulting for manufacturing, cement, telecom and not for profit organisations. </li></ul><ul><li>Network of the best organisations working in the environment, energy efficiency, climate change and biodiversity conservation areas. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Services CARBON MANAGEMENT ADVISORY SUSTAINABILITY CONSULTING WATER MANAGEMENT ENERGY EFFICIENCY RENEWABLE ENERGY ADVISORY CDM FACILITATION
  4. 4. Science...
  5. 5. ..has given us wonderful advancements
  6. 9. But when we flip the coin!
  7. 13. So what we need is an environment where Science, Man, Economics and The Planet can Co-Exist...
  8. 14. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT!
  9. 16. The Low Carbon Economy Equation <ul><li>world’s population </li></ul><ul><li>global economy </li></ul><ul><li>energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>carbon intensity </li></ul>Total Carbon Emissions = This is where we can make a difference
  10. 17. How is Sustainable Development Defined? <ul><li>“ Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs . Sustainable Development involves an enduring and balanced approach to economic activity, social progress and environmental responsibility ”. </li></ul>
  11. 18. Sustainability Defined <ul><li>A sustainable enterprise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>looks beyond revenues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>while working for all round social and economic development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>through ethical business practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creating consumer loyalty and brand image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which hold good in the long term. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 19. One aspect of Sustainable Development is the usage of Renewable Energy...
  13. 20. Renewable Energy
  14. 21. Solar Energy www.efficientcarbon.com Phone: +91 9000345588 [email_address] © efficientcarbon, All rights reserved
  15. 22. So is building up scale the only way to go for Solar? (Or for any renewable energy) We think Decentralisation is a good option too!
  16. 24. Case 1 – SELCO Lighting Solutions for the Poor
  17. 25. SELCO – Dr. Harish Hande <ul><li>Magsaysay Award winner for 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>17 years in operation </li></ul><ul><li>Installed solar lighting systems in over 120,000 households in the rural areas of these states </li></ul><ul><li>Operates on three principles:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The poor can afford sustainable technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The poor can maintain sustainable technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One can run a commercially viable venture serving the needs of the poor.  </li></ul></ul>
  18. 26. The Business Model <ul><li>Finance – the biggest hurdle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorted by organising Joint Liability Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support from Karnataka Vikas Grameen Bank & Cauvery Kalpatharu Grameen Bank as partners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established energy centers at the most remote locations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People being convinced about the benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat sales took as long as 7-10 years </li></ul></ul>
  19. 27. The Results <ul><li>Increased Revenues for some beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Security and stable life </li></ul>
  20. 28. Lessons <ul><li>Innovation not just in technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>The right partnerships </li></ul>
  21. 29. Case 2 – Vortex Helping Banks Connect
  22. 30. Banking in Rural Areas <ul><li>Rural India offers great business opportunity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>720 million people in 630,000 villages that contribute to over 50% of India’s total gross domestic product (GDP). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building and running branches is a huge issue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ATMs are the representatives of the banks in urban areas; Easy & Accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But unreliable electricity is a huge issue. </li></ul><ul><li>So is the complexity of usage of ATMs </li></ul>
  23. 31. The Solution – Solar Powered ATMs <ul><li>Consumes less than 10% of the power required by a conventional ATM system. </li></ul><ul><li>Grid independent – hence reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Eco friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Powering NREGA payments through Bio-metric recognition </li></ul>Conventional ATMs + AC Vortex Gramateller Savings Power Rating 500 W + 1000 W 72 W 1400 W Units consumed 1080 units/month 52 units/month 1028 units/month Electricity Bill @ Rs 6/unit Rs 6,480/month Rs 312/month Rs 6,168/month
  24. 32. Vortex - Grammateller <ul><li>Started development of rural ATMs in 2004 in close association with IIT-Madras </li></ul><ul><li>ATM 100% indigenously developed –5 patents for the technology </li></ul><ul><li>Pilots and commercial launch in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>ATMs tailor-made for developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Honour of installing India’s first solar ATM (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Running at many banks in India </li></ul><ul><li>300 solar powered ATMs for SBI – India’s, possibly the world’s, first large-scale rollout of Solar ATMs </li></ul>
  25. 33. System Design <ul><li>5 patents filed </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gravity Assisted Friction Pick” technology </li></ul><ul><li>World’s only ATM without any conveyor belt/ arm for moving notes </li></ul>Conventional ATM Design Vortex ATM Design
  26. 34. Lessons <ul><li>Technology for delivering solutions to the underserved. </li></ul><ul><li>Markets possible at the most unexpected segments. </li></ul><ul><li>Being an enabler for a larger change. </li></ul>
  27. 35. Case 3 – Simpa Networks Pay as you go services
  28. 36. The Pay As You Go Model <ul><li>Prepaid – heralded the mobile revolution in India </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Purchase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The consumer makes a series of payments, each of which unlocks the solar home system for a paid amount of energy consumption (Kwh). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once the prepaid consumption is exhausted, the solar home system is temporarily disabled until another payment is made. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once the consumer has fully paid the total purchase price of the product, full functionality is restored and the product is permanently unlocked. </li></ul>
  29. 37. The Model <ul><li>The typical payback period is three to five years. </li></ul><ul><li>At that point, the system is unlocked and the consumer uses the electricity as produced for the expected 10-year lifetime of the product. </li></ul><ul><li>The system includes a microcontroller and user interface that uses cloud-based software that ensures that power goes to the home only when it is prepaid. </li></ul>
  30. 38. But Somebody Has To Pay For It Initially <ul><li>Assets owned by Simpa Networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Large Investments by the company. </li></ul><ul><li>To be seen as how the model will be effective. </li></ul>
  31. 39. Case 4 – Solar Pumping
  32. 40. The Problem <ul><li>Lack of Reliable Electricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of effective water management techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Free power – reducing the incentive to efficiently use resources </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel Transport </li></ul>
  33. 41. A Possible Solution <ul><li>Solar Pumps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost Zero Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power when you need it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The problem with Solar Pumps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EXPENSIVE! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But only initially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over a lifetime, the pumps are much more cost effective – both for the farmer and the Govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political issues about Free Power. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 42. Illustrative Costs Conventional 2 HP Pump set (running in 100% diesel) Conventional 2 HP Pump set (running in 50% diesel and 50% grid power) Solar 2 HP Pump set Diesel Rs. 80,000/year Rs. 40,000/year - Cost of pump (One time cost) Rs.20,000 Rs.20,000 Rs.2,50,000 Life time of pump 10 10 10 Panel life time - - 20 Overall costs for lifetime of pump Rs.8,20,000 Rs.4,20,000 Rs.2,50,000 (includes cleaning the panel etc. other maintenance)
  35. 43. The innovations we are working on <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the size of the pump by increasing efficiency ( from 55% to 95%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Star – Delta Connectors to change phases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demand Side </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient irrigation techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Power is not Free – You are digging deeper every year and increasing the pump capacity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital & Interest Subsidy for clean energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-paid models being explored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDM support? </li></ul></ul>
  36. 44. Large Challenges <ul><li>Diversity of conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different irrigation techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Value of the assets – who will own it? </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery & Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Education of the users </li></ul>
  37. 46. This Sector Needs You Branch Energy Solar Wind Waste to Energy Energy Efficiency Electronics + Instrumentation Engineering Semiconductor Research, Production, Tracking, Anciliaries Support electronics/monitoring Monitoring/measuring devices Automation, BMS, sensors, using alternate energy Electrical Engineering Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Inverters, Batteries Generation, Transmission & Distribution Generation, Transmission & Distribution Electrical efficiency - transformers, PF, supply Mechanical Engineering Engineering and Maintenance, CSP design, turbines in CSP Turbines R&D, Production Design and handling of equipment HVAC systems, thermal efficiency, boilers, kilns, etc., Civil Engineering Engineering and Design of Power Plants Erection and site surveys Erection of wastewater/waste to energy plants Green buildings, envelope design Chemical Engineering Batteries, Materials for CSP, Semiconductors, etc., - Property analysis, Hazard analysis, etc., - Computer Science / IT Building software to design Solar Power plants, modeling packages Wind availability analysis, etc., - Smart metering, computer energy usage modeling.
  38. 47. Contact us <ul><ul><li>Harsha : +91 9000345588 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pradeep: +91 9052224701 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Office: +91 40 40128206 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.efficientcarbon.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.twitter.com/efficientcarbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.facebook.com/efficientcarbon </li></ul></ul>
  39. 48. Thank You <ul><li>&quot;Sustainability is not only absolutely necessary considering the situation our planet is in, we as companies are also overdue to take responsibility. We can't wait for governments. Companies have to lead the way… </li></ul><ul><li>- Jochen Zeitz, CEO, Puma Corp. </li></ul>
  40. 49. Disclaimer <ul><li>All the pictures & logos belong to their respective owners. We don’t claim any ownership. If anyone feels these images or logos are used inappropriately, please contact us in the email at the bottom of each slide and we will be happy to take it away. </li></ul>

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