EMPOWERMENT ANDPARTICIPATION Presented by :- Harsharan singh
WORKER’S EMPOWERMENT Empowerment means encouraging and allowing individuals to take personal responsibility for improving the way they do their jobs and contribute to the organization’s goals. It requires the creation of culture which would encourage people at all levels to feel that they can make a difference and also help them to acquire the confidence and skills to do so.
WORKER’S EMPOWERMENT The famous example of empowerment is Total Quality Management Total Quality Management which is an employee driven process for ensuring best possible quality products and services for the satisfaction of customers. TQM empowers employees at all levels in order to tap their full creativity, motivation and commitment. The other practices which encourage employee involvement include suggestion system, job involvement, job enlargement, job enrichment, quality circle, participative leadership, self-managed team etc.
WORKER’S PARTICIPATION. There are two distinct groups of people in an undertaking: Managers performing managerial functions. Workers performing operative functions. the basic distinction between those who occupy managerial positions and workers is that manager are held responsible for the work of their subordinates while workers are accountable only for their own work.
WORKER’S PARTICIPATION Participation may be defined as taking part in sharing of power and status between the managers and the workers. Workers’ participation in management seeks to bridge Workers’ this gap authorizing workers to take part in the managerial process. Thus, workers’ participation in management means giving scope for workers to influence the managerial decision making process at different levels by various form in the organization.
OBJECTIVES OF WORKERS’PARTICIPATION Increasing productivity for the general benefit of the enterprise, the employees and the community. Giving employees a better understanding of their role. Satisfying the worker’s urge for self-expression. Achieving industrial peace, better relations and increased co-operation in industry. Development of human personality.. Development of leaders from within the industry.
FORMS OF WORKERS’PARTICIPATION Ascending participation : In this case, the workers may be given an opportunity to influence managerial decisions at higher levels through elected representatives to joint councils or the board of directors of the company. Descending participation : In this case, they may be given more power to plan and to make decisions about their own work (e.g. delegation and job enlargement). This form of participation is quite popular in many organizations.
NATURE OF WORKERS’PARTICIPATION THREE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT: Influencing through information sharing: It looks at participation as a process of decision-making in which subordinates are allowed to have a ‘say’ or ‘to ‘influence’ the decision-making. Joint decision-making :It views participation as actual decision-making by the workers and not merely having a ‘say’ in it or influencing it. Self-control: It implies a process in which the workers exercise control on the mechanism of decision making as full- fleged and active members.