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  1. 1. ATTITUDE
  2. 2. “Attitudes is A little thing thAt mAkes A big difference”
  3. 3. CONTENT • MEANING • Functions of attitude • How to have positive attitude(for teen) • From where teenager learn attitude • Job related attitude • Causes and effects
  4. 4. Meaning of attitude An attitude is an expression of favor or disfavor toward a person, place, thing, or event.
  5. 5. Attitude can be formed from a person's past and present. Attitude is also measurable and changeable as well as influencing the person's emotion and behavior. In lay language, attitude may refer to the distinct concept of mood, or be especially synonymous with TEENAGE rebellion.
  6. 6. The Function of Attitudes Attitudes can serve functions for the individual. Daniel Katz (1960) outlines four functional areas, they are as follow • Knowledge • Self/Ego-expressive • Adaptive • The ego defensive
  7. 7. KNOWLEDGE. Knowledge. Attitudes provide meaning (knowledge) for life. The knowledge function refers to our need for a world which is consistent and relatively stable. This allows us to predict what is likely to happen, and so gives us a sense of control. Knowing a person’s attitude helps us predict their behavior. For example, knowing that a person is religious we can predict they will go to Church.
  8. 8. Self / Ego-expressive. Self / Ego-expressive. The attitudes we express (1) help communicate who we are and (2) may make us feel good because we have asserted our identity. Self-expression of attitudes can be non-verbal too: think bumper sticker, cap, or T-shirt slogan. Therefore, our attitudes are part of our identify, and help us to be aware through expression of our feelings, beliefs and values.
  9. 9. Adaptive Adaptive. If a person holds and/or expresses socially acceptable attitudes, other people will reward them with approval and social acceptance. For example, when people flatter their bosses or instructors (and believe it) or keep silent if they think an attitude is unpopular. Again, expression can be nonverbal [think politician kissing baby]. Attitudes then, are to do with being apart of a social group and the adaptive functions helps us fit in with a social group.
  10. 10. Ego-defensive The ego-defensive function refers to holding attitudes that protect our self-esteem or that justify actions that make us feel guilty. For example, one way children might defend themselves against the feelings of humiliation they have experienced in P.E. lessons is to adopt a strongly negative attitude to all sport. People whose pride has suffered following a defeat in sport might similarly adopt a defensive attitude: “I’m not bothered, I’m sick of rugby anyway…”. This function has psychiatric overtones. Positive attitudes towards ourselves, for example, have a protective function (i.e. an ego-defensive role) in helping us reserve our self-image.
  11. 11. How to have positive attitude Be passionate about your life. Don't react... act! Be proactive and think about things ahead of time so you end up with happy moments instead of just waiting around for bad ones. Believe that each moment is perfect, regardless of what happens later Be grateful. Gratitude is a simple way to make you appreciate your life so much more. Seize every opportunity you have instead of regretting it later. Keep your sense of humor. Learn to laugh and people will be grateful. Believe that you are in charge of your destiny. FOR TEENS
  12. 12. From where do teenager learn “attitude” • The child's peer groups - their behaviors, attitudes, dress, and values - must be taken into consideration before deciding what is normal for your child. But, you also must try to determine what the "normal" peer groups are. • Teachers, coaches, tutors, dance instructors, school counselors, and others who work with teenagers are usually familiar with age- appropriate or normal behavior.
  13. 13. Job attitude job attitude is a particular instance as an entity. The term "job" involves one's current position, one's work or one's occupation, and one's employer as its entity. However, one's attitude towards his/her work does not necessarily have to be equal with one's attitudes towards his/her employer, and these two factors often diverge.
  14. 14. Types of job attitude • Global job attitude • Global job attitudes are attitudes developed towards a job through the organization, working environment, affective disposition, aggregate measures of job characteristics and the social environment.. A variety of job attributes are associated with different levels of satisfaction within global job attitudes. Other types of job attitudes • Job Involvement • Organizational Commitment • Perceived Organizational Support (POS) • Employee Engagement • Job facet satisfaction refers to feelings about specific job aspects, such as salary, benefits, and relationships with co-workers. • Satisfaction with work • Supervision: Supervision has a significant relationship with productivity. However, supervision can only be taken positively with acceptance. • Co-workers: Co-workers are a common source of job stress, as demonstrated • Pay and promotion: Given employee commitment and organizational
  15. 15. CAUSES AND EFFECTS BAD ATTITUDE Bad attitudes in the workplace might include laziness, tardiness, rudeness, rumor mongering or any other attitude or activity that lowers overall morale. Negative attitudes could be due to personal problems. For example, an employee might be having trouble at home that influences his/her behavior at work.
  16. 16. Decreased Performance Bad attitudes spread, which is why you must address the issue quickly. A single person's bad attitude can have a huge effect on the operation of your business. For example, if one employee begins complaining, his discontent might spread to other workers. Bad attitudes also can trickle downward. A cranky manager can ruin the workplace atmosphere for everyone he supervises.
  17. 17. Identification Sometimes, one person is the clear cause of an organization's problem. Other times, you must identify underlying causes for general discontent. For example, if you enforce unreasonable deadlines for projects, meaning employees must work overtime to meet your expectations, you can expect resentment to build
  18. 18. Considerations Ask for regular employee feedback so you can stay ahead of the curve. Act quickly and decisively to nip negative attitudes in the bud. For example, if an employee consistently voices unreasonable complaints, take that person aside for a private discussion. Try to come to an equitable resolution but warn the employee you won't tolerate negative influences in your business.
  19. 19. Positive attitude How many times have you heard a friend, co-worker, spouse or significant other say, “Think positive” when you are feeling depressed, angry, anxious, frustrated or just down-right negative? Usually it’s the last think you want to hear at the moment, but it could possibly be the best thing you could do for both your emotional and physical health!
  20. 20. Let go of the assumption that the world is against you, or that you were born with a gray cloud over your head. The sooner you can attribute your pessimism to a unique set of circumstances rather than the state of the world itself, the easier it'll be to change your perspective. Understand that the past does not equal the future. Do not make a bad start turn into a self fulfilling prophecy for a bad ending.
  21. 21. Thank You!!! • Tanmay shah – 206 • Yashas khosla – 136 • Harsh alag – 137 • Jay punnamiya – 183 • Farhan sheikh – 209 • Gaurav shetty – 179 • Harsh jain – 182 • Harsh dhansinghani – 156