John harry enggaard,uarctic bcs 311, assignment 1 due 5th of okt 2012. ins…
“A Nuuk introduction”By John Harry Enggaard, Greenland University, BCS 311 Assignment 1 Instructor , LeeAnn Fishback, BCS 311 A1 – Land & environment
The culturehouse Katuaq The world’s northernmost capital, with a population of aprox. 16.000 citizens.Founded by Hans Egede 29th of august ,1728 and named Godthåb, now Nuuk.The house of Hans Egede still stands today.The municipality is called Sermersooq and is the second largest in the world. Itis governed by mayor, Aasi Chemnitz Narup. Postal code for Nuuk is 3900Nuuk covers an area of aprox. 265 square miles(690km2)
We define the circumpolar North as that portion of the northern hemispherelying north of the 55th parallel of latitudeThe circumpolar north is divided into three categories :• the Subarctic zone(55–60degrees north latitude)• the Arctic zone (60–75degrees north latitude)• the Polar zones (75–90degrees north latitude)Nuuk is situated in the arctic zone, with summer average temperaturesnot higher than 10 degress celsius, which is another definition on thearctic area.
The best website in english with basic information about Nuuk is onwikipedia. It gives a fine broad description on what Nuuk is all about. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NuukAnother more mainstream site, but still interesting is :http://www.greenland.com/en/explore-greenland/capital-region.aspx(This website just received an “oscar” for worlds best tourismsite)I think these two website locations gives both actual reliableinformation about Nuuk plus more cultural oriented informationand approaches to other websites and institutions in Greenland.
Nuuk is situated in a polar climate area in the arctic zone. According to KG climate classification below, Nuuk is classified in a “ET” climate zone.Regions with a polar climate are characterized by a lack of warm summers (specifically,no month having an average temperature of 10 °C (50 °F) or higher). Regions with polarclimate cover over 20% of the Earth. The sun shines 24 hours in the summer, and barelyever shines at all in the winter (see midnight sun and polar night). Polar climate results intreeless tundra, glaciers, or a permanent or semi-permanent layer of ice.
FIG 1Date Sunrise Sunset Length Change Dawn Dusk Length Change As we see in Today 07:49 18:40 10:51 07:01 19:28 12:27 fig. 1. (measured 00:06 00:07 +1 day 07:52 18:37 10:45 shorter 07:04 19:24 12:20 shorter from this day, the 5th of +1 08:10 18:16 10:06 00:45 07:21 19:04 11:43 00:44 oktober 2012) week shorter shorter +2 01:31 01:27 Nuuk has a 08:31 17:51 9:20 07:41 18:41 11:00 weeks shorter shorter total daylight on 10.51min. +1 03:15 03:01 08:22 15:58 7:36 07:27 16:53 9:26 month shorter shorter In 3 months +2 09:55 14:40 4:45 06:06 08:42 15:53 7:11 05:16 the total ofmonths shorter shorter daylight will +3 06:20 05:26 be 4.31min. 10:16 14:47 4:31 09:01 16:02 7:01months shorter shorter The closer we come to the north pole the +6 03:10 03:17months 06:30 20:31 14:01 longer 05:39 21:23 15:44 longer less daylight we see . .
The monthly average amount of the total solar radiation incident on a horizontal surface at the surface of the earth for a given month, averaged for that month over the 22-year period (Jul 1983 - Jun 2005). Each monthly averaged value is evaluated as the numerical average of 3-hourly values for the given month. Source: NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Science Data Center.Nuuk/ Greenland - Solar energy and surface meteorologyVaria I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XIIbleInsolation , 0.11 0.54 1.35 2.71 4.24 5.33 5.24 3.83 2.42 1.05 0.26 0.0kWh/m²/d ay
Drinking water reservoirs in Nuuk – Greenland(above, two out of three lakes, see below. Present water supply model for Nuuk and two suburbs, Nussuaq and Qinngorput. Th water is based upon freshwater coming from the mountains running into the first lake to the next using gravity. P is yearly production. VS is summer VVS is winter (production capacity)
Fishing Industry (www.nanoq.gl)“The majority of Greenland‘s fishing industry is managed by Royal Greenland A/S, which is owned by theHome Rule Government. The main product is peeled prawns, which are sold on the northern Europeanmarket. The company‘s trawlers mainly produce unpeeled, cooked or raw, frozen prawns. The company is theworld‘s largest retailer of cold-water prawns. A total of almost 6,500 people are employed in fishing and thefishing industry.”According to above , and the fact that Nuuk is the home base for Royal Greenland and several other mainexporting fishing companies, Nuuk is very dependant on the waters.Waterpower is the main energy source in Nuuk, covering almost 100% of the city power supply.Also the greenlandic culture itself is about sailing(kayaking) and hunting by sea. Since the only two ways toget to Greenland , and Nuuk, is by sea or plane. The fiords and waters is crucial for the city and the peopleliving here.
Sermitsiaq the famous mountain , the landmark of Nuuk and Sermersooq municipality,and also the name of greenlands largest newspaper