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Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The new PHPP Version 9:
Project Specific Cause & Effect
Prepared and presented by:
André Harrmann
Dipl.-Ing. (FH), MHP, CPHD, LEED AP
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Going from PHPPv8 to PHPPv9 – PART 1
What is Zero?
How to rate environmental impact
Primary Energy
Classic + Plus + Premium
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
15 kWh/m2a
10 W/m2
Heating Energy Balance in a Passivhaus
opaque
ventilation
transparent
solar gains
energy supply
Free
Heat
optimize
supply
maximize
gains
minimize
losses
internal gains
15 kWh/m2a × 100 m2
= 1,500 kWh/a demand
× $0.08 = 120 $/year
10 W/m2 × 100 m2 = 1 kW load
= 1× Hairdryer or
1× small baseboard heater
= $50 capital cost
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Heating Energy Balance in a Passivhaus
opaque
ventilation
transparent
solar gains
energy supply
optimize
supply
internal gains
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
energy supply
Energy Balance – the Big Picture
opaque
ventilation
transparent
energy supply
heating / cooling
Free
Heat
15 kWh/m2a
10 W/m2
solar gains
internal gains
DHW, ventilation,
plug loads,
auxiliary, etc.
useful
energy
primaryenergydemand
finalenergy
connection
conversion
storage
distribution
$
€
£
¥
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The All Electric Province of British Columbia
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The All Electric Province of British Columbia
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The All Electric Province of British Columbia
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The All Electric Province of British Columbia
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The All Electric Home
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Thermal quality of the building
Energy Demand for Heating Q ≤ 15 kWh/(m²a)
Overall energy performance of the building
Primary Energy Demand PE ≤ 120 kWh/(m²a)
1 kWh Oil / Gas + 0.1 kWh = 1.1 kWh  PE 1.1
1 kWh Resource to generate Electricity Mix + 1.6 kWh  PE 2.6…2.4↓
1 kWh Wood + 0.2 kWh = 1.2 kWh  PE 0.2 …?
1 kWh Ethanol + 0.5 kWh for production & losses  PE 1.5?
(… PE 0.5 if produced on site from waste organic matter)
1 kWh Photovoltaic Inverter Output + manufacturing / grid / storage
losses = 1.03…4.23 kWh  PE ??  PE 0.7 … for on-site generation
Source: PHI
How to rate environmental impact
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Thermal quality of the building
Energy Demand for Heating Q ≤ 15 kWh/(m²a)
Overall energy performance of the building
Primary Energy Demand PE ≤ 120 kWh/(m²a)
1 kWh Oil / Gas + 0.1 kWh = 1.1 kWh  PE 1.1
1 kWh Resource to generate Electricity Mix + 1.6 kWh  PE 2.6…2.4↓
1 kWh Wood + 0.2 kWh = 1.2 kWh  PE 0.2 …?
1 kWh Ethanol + 0.5 kWh for production & losses  PE 1.5?
(… PE 0.5 if produced on site from waste organic matter)
1 kWh Photovoltaic Inverter Output + manufacturing / grid / storage
losses = 1.03…4.23 kWh  PE ??  PE 0.7 … for on-site generation
New Indicator needed  Primary Energy Renewable (PER)
 GOOD INDICATOR
 RETHINK !
Source: PHI
How to rate environmental impact
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
• Site autonomy
• On-site carbon neutral
• Net-zero carbon  UK
• Net-zero energy  CHBA Net Zero Energy Council
• Net-zero primary energy  DOE
• Net Zero ready
• Nearly Zero Energy Buildings  European Union
• Green tariff
• Additionality
• Upgrading existing
• Near-site zero carbon
• Carbon offsetting
Net Zero Definitions
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
• Nearly Zero Energy Buildings  European Union
“a building that has a very high energy performance… The nearly zero
or very low amount of energy required should be covered to a very
significant extent by energy from renewable sources, including energy
from renewable sources produced on-site or nearby”
 All new buildings by 2020!
Net Zero Definitions
Source: DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Total Electricity Consumption
Source: PHI
ENERGY IN - ENERGY OUT ≤ ZERO ? It is more complicated than that …
… because there are STORAGE LOSSES
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
California: Net-load with renewables
Source: California Independent System Operator (CAISO), Tesla
Net Load 14,160 MW
on 5 April 2015
13,000 MW / 2.0 kW = 6,500,000 Tesla Powerwalls
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
California: Net-load with renewables
Source: California Independent System Operator (CAISO), Tesla
13,000 MW / 2.0 kW = 6,500,000 Tesla Powerwalls
x 80 years x 365 days / 5.000 cycles
= 37,960,000 Tesla Powerwalls over the life time of the building
x $5,000 = $189,800,000,000 for Elon
(Not even considering further increase of renewables
from 12% to 50% by 2030)
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Did You Know?
Source: The Onion
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Renewable Energy for Passive House
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Primary Energy Renewable (PER)
Source: PHI
PER =
Energy supply from renewable source
Final energy demand at the building
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Primary Energy Renewable (PER)
Source: PHI
PER Factor for each source and application [kWhPER/kWh]
Edir Electricity generated by RES used directly
EMS Electricity from short/medium term storage
ESS Electricity generated from energy in seasonal storage
EDL Distribution and other losses
ηMS and ηSS Efficiencies of storage processes (whole chain)
PER =
Edir +
EMS
ηMS
+
ESS
ηSS
+ EDL
Edir + EMS + ESS
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Primary Energy Renewable (PER)
Source: PHI
Demand profile of the individual energy application:
Heating
Cooling
Dehumidification
Domestic Hot Water
Lighting and plug loads
PER =
Energy supply from renewable source
Final energy demand at the building
PER Factor are project location-specific – based on
locally available renewable primary power production
from PV, wind and hydro.
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Application /
Final Energy
PE in v9
Ger-
many
Canada
/ US
Heating degree hours [kKh/a]:
Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6
Heat
Gas (Nat.
& RE),LPG
1.1 1.1
Heat
Oil, Coal,
Methanol
1.1 1.1
Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2
Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6
DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6
other Elec. 2.4 2.6
PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad?
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Application /
Final Energy
PE in v9 PER
Ger-
many
Canada
/ US
PHPP
Default
Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: 82
Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.81
Heat
Gas (Nat.
& RE),LPG
1.1 1.1 1.75
Heat
Oil, Coal,
Methanol
1.1 1.1 2.3
Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 1.1*
Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.11
DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.32
other Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.31
PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad?
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Application /
Final Energy
PE in v9 PER PER: Canada
Ger-
many
Canada
/ US
PHPP
Default
Van-
couver
Whis-
tler
Nel-
son
Smith-
ers
Edmon-
ton
Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: 82 69 92 94 121 125
Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.81 1.48 1.51 1.68 1.50 1.75
Heat
Gas (Nat.
& RE),LPG
1.1 1.1 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75
Heat
Oil, Coal,
Methanol
1.1 1.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1*
Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.11 0.70 0.72 1.00 0.58 0.99
DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.32 1.17 1.15 1.17 1.09 1.09
other Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.31 1.18 1.16 1.18 1.11 1.10
* Biomass is budgeted to max. 20kWh/m2
PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad?
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Application /
Final Energy
PE in v9 PER PER: Canada PER: US
Ger-
many
Canada
/ US
PHPP
Default
Van-
couver
Whis-
tler
Nel-
son
Smith-
ers
Edmon-
ton
Port-
land
San
Francisco
Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: 82 69 92 94 121 125 104 24
Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.81 1.48 1.51 1.68 1.50 1.75 1.80 1.68
Heat
Gas (Nat.
& RE),LPG
1.1 1.1 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75
Heat
Oil, Coal,
Methanol
1.1 1.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1*
Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.11 0.70 0.72 1.00 0.58 0.99 1.10 1.00
DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.32 1.17 1.15 1.17 1.09 1.09 1.30 1.17
other Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.31 1.18 1.16 1.18 1.11 1.10 1.30 1.18
* Biomass is budgeted to max. 20kWh/m2
PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad?
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
• Building?
• Site?
• Street?
• Neighbourhood?
• City?
• Province, Country, Continent?
• The most correct boundary 
What is the boundary condition?
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
• The net-zero and plus-energy idea is leading to optimization in
the wrong direction
• Multi story buildings are discriminated by this system, because
they have less available surface for PV per TFA
 Take the building ground as reference for energy production
How to rate on-site energy production
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
The New Passive House Classes
Source: PHI
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Going from PHPPv8 to PHPPv9 – PART 2
Export  Import
Internal Heat Gains (IHG)
Occupancy Density
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
=IF(Nachweis!F28>0,IF(Flächen!N8/Nachweis!F28>
50/(4.1-2.1),2.1+50*Nachweis!F28/Flächen!N8,4.1),4.1)
PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains
Source: PHPPv9
=IF (UNITS>0, IF(TFA/UNITS>
50/(4.1-2.1),2.1+50*UNITS/TFA,4.1), 4.1)
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains
Source: PHI, PHPPv9, Elemental Solutions
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains
Source: PHI, PHPPv9, Elemental Solutions
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
2.5
113 225
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains & Occupants
Source: PHI, PHPPv9
2.5
113 225
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Going from PHPPv8 to PHPPv9 – PART 3
Project Specific Effects
Classic + Plus + Premium
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany
Source: PHI
TFA: 156m2 | Units: 1 | Gt = 82 kKh/a | n50 = 0.2 ACH
Heating / DHW: Gas  Heat Pump | PV & Solar Thermal
Walls 0.14 | Roof 0.11 | Windows 0.78 W/m2K
Certified 25 years ago!
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany
Source: PHPP
Gas Boiler
no PV
no Solar Thermal
Gas Boiler
5m2 Solar = 1.7 mWh/a
Heat Pump
5m2 Solar = 1.7 mWh/a
Heat Pump
5m2 Solar = 1.7 mWh/a
82m2 PV = 9 mWh/a
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #2: Khotso Passive House, Vancouver
Source: One SEED Architecture
TFA: 78+147 m2 | Units: 2 | Heating / DHW: Electric / Heat Pump
n50 = 0.6 ACH assumed | scheduled for 2016
Walls 0.11 W/m2K | Roof 0.10 W/m2K | Windows 0.85 W/m2K
Team: One SEED Architecture | Harrmann Consulting | CertiPHIers Cooperative
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #2: The Project in an Urban Setting
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #2: The Project in an Urban Setting
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #2: The Building Shape
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #2: Our Friendly City of Vancouver Staff
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #2: The Results
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Current case in v9:
Direct electric
Source: PHPP
Heat Pump
with and without
Shower Heat Recovery
1 Unit
Heat Pump
Shower HR
42m2 PV = 6.6mWh/a
(on garage roof)
Heat Pump
Shower HR
42m2 PV = 6.6mWh/a
6m2 Solar = 1.7mWh/a
Project #2: The Primary Energy Renewable PER
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #3: Nelson, BC
Source: Cover Architectural Collaborative
TFA: 50+50+100m2 | Units: 3 | Gt = 94 kKh/a | Heating / DHW: Propane
n50 = 0.2ACH | Walls 0.10 W/m2K | Roof 0.05 W/m2K | Windows 0.8 W/m2K
Prepared for PV / Solar thermal
Certified 2014 | Team:
Cover Architectural Collaborative
Harrmann Consulting
LOCAL Design/Build
ReNü Building Science Inc.
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #3: Nelson, BC
Source: Cover Architectural Collaborative
TFA: 50+50+100m2 | Units: 3 | Gt = 94 kKh/a | Heating / DHW: Propane
n50 = 0.2ACH | Walls 0.10 W/m2K | Roof 0.05 W/m2K | Windows 0.8 W/m2K
Prepared for PV / Solar thermal
Certified 2014 | Team:
Cover Architectural Collaborative
Harrmann Consulting
LOCAL Design/Build
ReNü Building Science Inc.
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #3: Nelson, BC
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #3: Nelson, BC
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #3: Nelson, BC
Source: PHPP
Current case in v9:
Propane boiler
Shower Drain HR
Heat Pump
36m2 PV = 6 mWh/a
4m2 Solar = 2 mWh/a
All direct electric
Shower Drain HR
11 mWh/a generation
= 61m2 > 57m2 roof
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB
Source: David Zeibin
TFA: 247m2 | Units: 1 (+1) | Gt = 123 kKh/a | Heating / DHW: Gas Boiler
n50 = 0.3ACH | Walls 0.08 W/m2K | Roof 0.06 W/m2K | Windows 0.75 W/m2K
Location: Fort Saskatchewan (Edmonton climate set)
David Zeibin | ReNü Building Systems | Harrmann Consulting
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB
Source: David Zeibin
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB
Source: David Zeibin
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
Current case in v9:
Gas boiler
Source: PHI
All Electric
Shower Drain HR
84m2 PV = 11 mWh/a
All Electric
Shower Drain HR
Gas Boiler
Shower Drain HR
All Electric
Shower Drain HR
84m2 PV = 11 mWh/a
4m2 Solar = 2.3 mWh/a
Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR
TFA: 123m2 | Units: 1 |
Heating / DHW: Sanden Heat Pump
n50 = 0.26ACH | built 2015
Walls 0.11 W/m2K | Roof 0.05 W/m2K
Windows 0.68 W/m2K
Team: ECOCOR | CertiPHIers
Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR
Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR
Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR
Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: PHI
v9: Heat Pump
Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
Heat Pump
+ 23m2 PV
Heat Pump
+ 59m2 PV
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture
TFA: 255m2 | Units: 1 | Heating / DHW: Natural Gas
n50 = 0.6ACH | 2014
Walls 0.28…0.65 W/m2K | Roof 0.08…0.18 W/m2K | Windows 1.30 W/m2K
Team: Essential Habitat Architecture | CertiPHIers
Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture
Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture
Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture
Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: PHI
Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
v9: Gas Boiler
Gas Boiler
+ 6m2 Solar Thermal
(current status)
Gas Boiler
6m2 Solar Thermal
+ 23m2 PV
Gas Boiler
6m2 Solar Thermal
+ 114m2 PV
Gas Boiler
6m2 Solar Thermal
23m2 PV
 2 units
Harrmann Consulting | May 2016
André Harrmann
Harrmann Consulting | www.15kwh10w.com
CertiPHIers Cooperative | www.certiphiers.com

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The New PHPP version 9 - Project Specific Cause & Effect

  • 1. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The new PHPP Version 9: Project Specific Cause & Effect Prepared and presented by: André Harrmann Dipl.-Ing. (FH), MHP, CPHD, LEED AP
  • 2. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Going from PHPPv8 to PHPPv9 – PART 1 What is Zero? How to rate environmental impact Primary Energy Classic + Plus + Premium
  • 3. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 15 kWh/m2a 10 W/m2 Heating Energy Balance in a Passivhaus opaque ventilation transparent solar gains energy supply Free Heat optimize supply maximize gains minimize losses internal gains 15 kWh/m2a × 100 m2 = 1,500 kWh/a demand × $0.08 = 120 $/year 10 W/m2 × 100 m2 = 1 kW load = 1× Hairdryer or 1× small baseboard heater = $50 capital cost
  • 4. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Heating Energy Balance in a Passivhaus opaque ventilation transparent solar gains energy supply optimize supply internal gains
  • 5. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 energy supply Energy Balance – the Big Picture opaque ventilation transparent energy supply heating / cooling Free Heat 15 kWh/m2a 10 W/m2 solar gains internal gains DHW, ventilation, plug loads, auxiliary, etc. useful energy primaryenergydemand finalenergy connection conversion storage distribution $ € £ ¥
  • 6. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The All Electric Province of British Columbia Source: PHI, PHPPv9
  • 7. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The All Electric Province of British Columbia Source: PHI, PHPPv9
  • 8. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The All Electric Province of British Columbia Source: PHI, PHPPv9
  • 9. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The All Electric Province of British Columbia Source: PHI, PHPPv9
  • 10. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The All Electric Home Source: PHI, PHPPv9
  • 11. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Thermal quality of the building Energy Demand for Heating Q ≤ 15 kWh/(m²a) Overall energy performance of the building Primary Energy Demand PE ≤ 120 kWh/(m²a) 1 kWh Oil / Gas + 0.1 kWh = 1.1 kWh  PE 1.1 1 kWh Resource to generate Electricity Mix + 1.6 kWh  PE 2.6…2.4↓ 1 kWh Wood + 0.2 kWh = 1.2 kWh  PE 0.2 …? 1 kWh Ethanol + 0.5 kWh for production & losses  PE 1.5? (… PE 0.5 if produced on site from waste organic matter) 1 kWh Photovoltaic Inverter Output + manufacturing / grid / storage losses = 1.03…4.23 kWh  PE ??  PE 0.7 … for on-site generation Source: PHI How to rate environmental impact
  • 12. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Thermal quality of the building Energy Demand for Heating Q ≤ 15 kWh/(m²a) Overall energy performance of the building Primary Energy Demand PE ≤ 120 kWh/(m²a) 1 kWh Oil / Gas + 0.1 kWh = 1.1 kWh  PE 1.1 1 kWh Resource to generate Electricity Mix + 1.6 kWh  PE 2.6…2.4↓ 1 kWh Wood + 0.2 kWh = 1.2 kWh  PE 0.2 …? 1 kWh Ethanol + 0.5 kWh for production & losses  PE 1.5? (… PE 0.5 if produced on site from waste organic matter) 1 kWh Photovoltaic Inverter Output + manufacturing / grid / storage losses = 1.03…4.23 kWh  PE ??  PE 0.7 … for on-site generation New Indicator needed  Primary Energy Renewable (PER)  GOOD INDICATOR  RETHINK ! Source: PHI How to rate environmental impact
  • 13. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 • Site autonomy • On-site carbon neutral • Net-zero carbon  UK • Net-zero energy  CHBA Net Zero Energy Council • Net-zero primary energy  DOE • Net Zero ready • Nearly Zero Energy Buildings  European Union • Green tariff • Additionality • Upgrading existing • Near-site zero carbon • Carbon offsetting Net Zero Definitions
  • 14. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 • Nearly Zero Energy Buildings  European Union “a building that has a very high energy performance… The nearly zero or very low amount of energy required should be covered to a very significant extent by energy from renewable sources, including energy from renewable sources produced on-site or nearby”  All new buildings by 2020! Net Zero Definitions Source: DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
  • 15. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Total Electricity Consumption Source: PHI ENERGY IN - ENERGY OUT ≤ ZERO ? It is more complicated than that … … because there are STORAGE LOSSES
  • 16. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 California: Net-load with renewables Source: California Independent System Operator (CAISO), Tesla Net Load 14,160 MW on 5 April 2015 13,000 MW / 2.0 kW = 6,500,000 Tesla Powerwalls
  • 17. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 California: Net-load with renewables Source: California Independent System Operator (CAISO), Tesla 13,000 MW / 2.0 kW = 6,500,000 Tesla Powerwalls x 80 years x 365 days / 5.000 cycles = 37,960,000 Tesla Powerwalls over the life time of the building x $5,000 = $189,800,000,000 for Elon (Not even considering further increase of renewables from 12% to 50% by 2030)
  • 18. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Did You Know? Source: The Onion
  • 19. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Renewable Energy for Passive House Source: PHI
  • 20. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Primary Energy Renewable (PER) Source: PHI PER = Energy supply from renewable source Final energy demand at the building
  • 21. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Primary Energy Renewable (PER) Source: PHI PER Factor for each source and application [kWhPER/kWh] Edir Electricity generated by RES used directly EMS Electricity from short/medium term storage ESS Electricity generated from energy in seasonal storage EDL Distribution and other losses ηMS and ηSS Efficiencies of storage processes (whole chain) PER = Edir + EMS ηMS + ESS ηSS + EDL Edir + EMS + ESS
  • 22. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Primary Energy Renewable (PER) Source: PHI Demand profile of the individual energy application: Heating Cooling Dehumidification Domestic Hot Water Lighting and plug loads PER = Energy supply from renewable source Final energy demand at the building PER Factor are project location-specific – based on locally available renewable primary power production from PV, wind and hydro.
  • 23. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Application / Final Energy PE in v9 Ger- many Canada / US Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 Heat Gas (Nat. & RE),LPG 1.1 1.1 Heat Oil, Coal, Methanol 1.1 1.1 Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 other Elec. 2.4 2.6 PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad? Source: PHI
  • 24. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Application / Final Energy PE in v9 PER Ger- many Canada / US PHPP Default Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: 82 Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.81 Heat Gas (Nat. & RE),LPG 1.1 1.1 1.75 Heat Oil, Coal, Methanol 1.1 1.1 2.3 Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 1.1* Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.11 DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.32 other Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.31 PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad? Source: PHI
  • 25. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Application / Final Energy PE in v9 PER PER: Canada Ger- many Canada / US PHPP Default Van- couver Whis- tler Nel- son Smith- ers Edmon- ton Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: 82 69 92 94 121 125 Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.81 1.48 1.51 1.68 1.50 1.75 Heat Gas (Nat. & RE),LPG 1.1 1.1 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 Heat Oil, Coal, Methanol 1.1 1.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.11 0.70 0.72 1.00 0.58 0.99 DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.32 1.17 1.15 1.17 1.09 1.09 other Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.31 1.18 1.16 1.18 1.11 1.10 * Biomass is budgeted to max. 20kWh/m2 PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad? Source: PHI
  • 26. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Application / Final Energy PE in v9 PER PER: Canada PER: US Ger- many Canada / US PHPP Default Van- couver Whis- tler Nel- son Smith- ers Edmon- ton Port- land San Francisco Heating degree hours [kKh/a]: 82 69 92 94 121 125 104 24 Heat Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.81 1.48 1.51 1.68 1.50 1.75 1.80 1.68 Heat Gas (Nat. & RE),LPG 1.1 1.1 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 Heat Oil, Coal, Methanol 1.1 1.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 Heat Biomass 0.2 0.2 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* 1.1* Cool Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.11 0.70 0.72 1.00 0.58 0.99 1.10 1.00 DHW Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.32 1.17 1.15 1.17 1.09 1.09 1.30 1.17 other Elec. 2.4 2.6 1.31 1.18 1.16 1.18 1.11 1.10 1.30 1.18 * Biomass is budgeted to max. 20kWh/m2 PHPPv9 and PER: Is Electricity still bad? Source: PHI
  • 27. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 • Building? • Site? • Street? • Neighbourhood? • City? • Province, Country, Continent? • The most correct boundary  What is the boundary condition?
  • 28. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 • The net-zero and plus-energy idea is leading to optimization in the wrong direction • Multi story buildings are discriminated by this system, because they have less available surface for PV per TFA  Take the building ground as reference for energy production How to rate on-site energy production Source: PHI
  • 29. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 The New Passive House Classes Source: PHI
  • 30. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Going from PHPPv8 to PHPPv9 – PART 2 Export  Import Internal Heat Gains (IHG) Occupancy Density
  • 31. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 =IF(Nachweis!F28>0,IF(Flächen!N8/Nachweis!F28> 50/(4.1-2.1),2.1+50*Nachweis!F28/Flächen!N8,4.1),4.1) PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains Source: PHPPv9 =IF (UNITS>0, IF(TFA/UNITS> 50/(4.1-2.1),2.1+50*UNITS/TFA,4.1), 4.1)
  • 32. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains Source: PHI, PHPPv9, Elemental Solutions
  • 33. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains Source: PHI, PHPPv9, Elemental Solutions
  • 34. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains Source: PHI, PHPPv9 2.5 113 225
  • 35. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 PHPPv9: Internal Heat Gains & Occupants Source: PHI, PHPPv9 2.5 113 225
  • 36. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Going from PHPPv8 to PHPPv9 – PART 3 Project Specific Effects Classic + Plus + Premium
  • 37. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany Source: PHI TFA: 156m2 | Units: 1 | Gt = 82 kKh/a | n50 = 0.2 ACH Heating / DHW: Gas  Heat Pump | PV & Solar Thermal Walls 0.14 | Roof 0.11 | Windows 0.78 W/m2K Certified 25 years ago!
  • 38. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany
  • 39. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany
  • 40. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #1: Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany Source: PHPP Gas Boiler no PV no Solar Thermal Gas Boiler 5m2 Solar = 1.7 mWh/a Heat Pump 5m2 Solar = 1.7 mWh/a Heat Pump 5m2 Solar = 1.7 mWh/a 82m2 PV = 9 mWh/a
  • 41. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #2: Khotso Passive House, Vancouver Source: One SEED Architecture TFA: 78+147 m2 | Units: 2 | Heating / DHW: Electric / Heat Pump n50 = 0.6 ACH assumed | scheduled for 2016 Walls 0.11 W/m2K | Roof 0.10 W/m2K | Windows 0.85 W/m2K Team: One SEED Architecture | Harrmann Consulting | CertiPHIers Cooperative
  • 42. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #2: The Project in an Urban Setting
  • 43. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #2: The Project in an Urban Setting
  • 44. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #2: The Building Shape
  • 45. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #2: Our Friendly City of Vancouver Staff
  • 46. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #2: The Results
  • 47. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Current case in v9: Direct electric Source: PHPP Heat Pump with and without Shower Heat Recovery 1 Unit Heat Pump Shower HR 42m2 PV = 6.6mWh/a (on garage roof) Heat Pump Shower HR 42m2 PV = 6.6mWh/a 6m2 Solar = 1.7mWh/a Project #2: The Primary Energy Renewable PER
  • 48. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #3: Nelson, BC Source: Cover Architectural Collaborative TFA: 50+50+100m2 | Units: 3 | Gt = 94 kKh/a | Heating / DHW: Propane n50 = 0.2ACH | Walls 0.10 W/m2K | Roof 0.05 W/m2K | Windows 0.8 W/m2K Prepared for PV / Solar thermal Certified 2014 | Team: Cover Architectural Collaborative Harrmann Consulting LOCAL Design/Build ReNü Building Science Inc.
  • 49. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #3: Nelson, BC Source: Cover Architectural Collaborative TFA: 50+50+100m2 | Units: 3 | Gt = 94 kKh/a | Heating / DHW: Propane n50 = 0.2ACH | Walls 0.10 W/m2K | Roof 0.05 W/m2K | Windows 0.8 W/m2K Prepared for PV / Solar thermal Certified 2014 | Team: Cover Architectural Collaborative Harrmann Consulting LOCAL Design/Build ReNü Building Science Inc.
  • 50. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #3: Nelson, BC
  • 51. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #3: Nelson, BC
  • 52. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #3: Nelson, BC Source: PHPP Current case in v9: Propane boiler Shower Drain HR Heat Pump 36m2 PV = 6 mWh/a 4m2 Solar = 2 mWh/a All direct electric Shower Drain HR 11 mWh/a generation = 61m2 > 57m2 roof
  • 53. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB Source: David Zeibin TFA: 247m2 | Units: 1 (+1) | Gt = 123 kKh/a | Heating / DHW: Gas Boiler n50 = 0.3ACH | Walls 0.08 W/m2K | Roof 0.06 W/m2K | Windows 0.75 W/m2K Location: Fort Saskatchewan (Edmonton climate set) David Zeibin | ReNü Building Systems | Harrmann Consulting
  • 54. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB Source: David Zeibin
  • 55. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB Source: David Zeibin
  • 56. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 Current case in v9: Gas boiler Source: PHI All Electric Shower Drain HR 84m2 PV = 11 mWh/a All Electric Shower Drain HR Gas Boiler Shower Drain HR All Electric Shower Drain HR 84m2 PV = 11 mWh/a 4m2 Solar = 2.3 mWh/a Project #4: Cottonwood, Edmonton, AB
  • 57. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR TFA: 123m2 | Units: 1 | Heating / DHW: Sanden Heat Pump n50 = 0.26ACH | built 2015 Walls 0.11 W/m2K | Roof 0.05 W/m2K Windows 0.68 W/m2K Team: ECOCOR | CertiPHIers Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
  • 58. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
  • 59. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
  • 60. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: ECOCOR Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine
  • 61. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: PHI v9: Heat Pump Project #5: Feeney Residence, Portland, Maine Heat Pump + 23m2 PV Heat Pump + 59m2 PV
  • 62. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture TFA: 255m2 | Units: 1 | Heating / DHW: Natural Gas n50 = 0.6ACH | 2014 Walls 0.28…0.65 W/m2K | Roof 0.08…0.18 W/m2K | Windows 1.30 W/m2K Team: Essential Habitat Architecture | CertiPHIers Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
  • 63. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
  • 64. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
  • 65. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: Essential Habitat Architecture Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco
  • 66. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016Source: PHI Project #6: Kaplan Residence, San Francisco v9: Gas Boiler Gas Boiler + 6m2 Solar Thermal (current status) Gas Boiler 6m2 Solar Thermal + 23m2 PV Gas Boiler 6m2 Solar Thermal + 114m2 PV Gas Boiler 6m2 Solar Thermal 23m2 PV  2 units
  • 67. Harrmann Consulting | May 2016 André Harrmann Harrmann Consulting | www.15kwh10w.com CertiPHIers Cooperative | www.certiphiers.com