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Ukraine Conflict (English)

What is happening in Ukraine? This 50 slide powerpoint will explain to you what is going on in Ukraine without media bias. Everything that you have wanted to know.

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Ukraine Conflict (English)

  1. 1. The Ukraine Conflict Українського конфлікту By Harris Mowbray
  2. 2. Background on Ukraine- Russia Relations
  3. 3. Russian Tsardom In the 1600s, Russia conquered Eastern Ukraine from Polish-Lithuanian rule Ukrainian rebels and Russia allied to defeat the ruling Polish-Lithuanian kingdom Painting of a Russian soldier preparing to fight with Ukrainian rebels
  4. 4. First Ukrainian Revolution Ukraine split into two countries after World War I, the Popular Republic of Ukraine and The Free Territory, an anarcho-communist government After a civil war, the Popular Republic of Ukraine defeated The Free Territory and united Ukraine The flag of The Free Territory
  5. 5. USSR Ukraine became a state in the USSR After an attempted revolution for independence, Stalin punished Ukraine by engineering a giant famine that killed up to 6 million people This famine was known as the Holodomor The Holodomor took place in Russia and Belarus too
  6. 6. World War II Ukrainian Nationalists allied with the Nazis, who they saw as liberators However, Nazi Germany destroyed this nationalist movement and captured a large portion of Ukraine
  7. 7. Independence After the Soviet Union dissolved, Ukraine became an independent country Although nationalist rebels had announced independence in 1941, Ukraine became an independent state in 1991, 50 years later The Ukrainian State was an economic partner of Russia until recently
  8. 8. Part One: Euromaidan
  9. 9. Viktor Yanukovych Viktor Yankovych was the fourth president of Ukraine He wanted Ukraine to be an economic ally of Russia and he also did not want Ukraine to join the EU After rejecting an EU association agreement, a series of protests known as Euromaidan began
  10. 10. Euromaidan Begins On 21 November 2013, nationalists who wanted to end government corruption and have Ukraine enter the EU began a series of protests called ‘Euromaidan’ These protests were originally peaceful, but protesters became violent after the police brutally put down the protests with force Euromaidan leaders addressing a crowd
  11. 11. Violent Protests Both the protesters and police used force against each other; it was very violent Nationalists from all around Ukraine helped the protestors, and added to the growing numbers of protestors
  12. 12. Anti-Maidan Pro-Russian protestors who were against Euromaidan arose and held demonstrations in Donetsk and Kharkiv, both in the more ethnically Russian eastern Ukraine These protests were smaller than Euromaidan protests in Kiev
  13. 13. Removal of the President Police brutality had increased dramatically, with over one hundred protestors killed by police Viktor Yanukovych stepped down from presidency in the midst of Euromaidan This led to the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution
  14. 14. Revolution
  15. 15. February 2014 In February, 2014, a large mass of riots and protests culminated in a nationwide revolution, installing a new government in Ukraine
  16. 16. Results The revolution resulted in a complete reformation of the Ukrainian government The 2004 constitution was restored Over 50 people, including powerful government officials, were deemed responsible for police brutality during the revolution had been arrested The “law of regional languages” was eliminated, making Ukrainian the sole language of Ukraine (although this was later vetoed by the interim president)
  17. 17. Results There was a nationwide destruction of Soviet-era monuments Racist attacks against ethnic Russians and Jews severely increased in western Ukraine Nationalist politician Yulia Tymoshenko was released from prison. She had previously been arrested on corruption charges Tymoshenko in 2011
  18. 18. Pro-Russian Unrest in Eastern Ukraine Eastern Ukraine did not like the new government which they saw as illegal In their eyes, nationalists had forced out the president and installed an anti-Russian government
  19. 19. Part Two: The Crimean Crisis
  20. 20. Crimean Revolution Giant protests began in Crimea against the new Ukrainian government, sometimes thought of as “East Ukraine’s Euromaidan” Many government buildings were occupied by pro- Russian protestors Crimea is shown in black; Ukraine in green
  21. 21. Russian Intervention After a new government was established in Ukraine, Russia voted to deploy troops to Crimea There were already many Russian military bases in Crimea, as well as many Ukrainian military bases
  22. 22. Referendum Nearly everyone in Crimea is of Russian heritage, with a Crimean Tartar minority Russian troops allowed a referendum to be held asking if Crimea wanted to either become an independent country or stay with the Ukrainian government Because the pro-Ukrainian Crimean Tartars did not attend the election, about 90% of Crimean residents voted for independence Crimea would vote to join Russia days later
  23. 23. Immediate Surrender Ukrainian soldiers agreed to leave Crimea, outside of a few isolated casualties Hundreds of Ukrainian soldiers defected to the Russian army The city of Simferopol is the navy center of Ukraine. Many of the navy’s top officials joined the Russian army Here is a Crimean “Self-Defense Force” A few local pro-Russian militias formed
  24. 24. International Reactions The EU and United States condemned military occupation of Crimea Russia faced many economic sanctions from the EU and USA as a result These green countries recognize Crimea as part of Russia
  25. 25. Part Three: The Novorossiyan War
  26. 26. The Donbass The Donbass is a geographical region composed of two states, Lugansk and Donetsk These two states are mostly Russian in ethnicity and did not recognize the new Ukrainian government Donetsk is the fifth largest city in Ukraine and has literally no Ukrainian-speaking schools This is a statue of a pole vaulter in Donetsk. He is provided in this presentation for mild comic relief
  27. 27. Referendum In April of 2014, Donetsk and Lugansk voted to form republics, independent from Ukraine They created an alliance called “Novorossiya” Novorossiya was a Russian state that existed in Eastern Ukraine during the late 19th century The two countries are allied but are still separate countries The Novorossiyan flag
  28. 28. Formation of a Country Local militia groups formed, some pro-Ukraine, but the majority pro-independence The pro-independence militias forcefully took over all government buildings and built barricades around them Riot police block the entrance The same building is now occupied
  29. 29. Communism The Novorossiyan Alliance has strong communist and socialist beliefs Socialists from all around the world came to help found and protect the new republic Most of Donetsk’s residents believe that they had a better life under the post-Stalin USSR, than under the Ukrainian government Anti-Stalinist revolutionary Leon Trotsky reads a newspaper
  30. 30. Part Five: Warfare
  31. 31. The Beginning A military draft led tens of thousands of Ukrainians to fight against the newly formed Novorossiyan Alliance Many right-wing nationalist militias also fought alongside the Ukrainian army Novorossiyans quickly organized militias to fight the Ukrainian army
  32. 32. Neo-Nazi Militias Many ultra-nationalist neo-nazi militias have organized to fight against Novorossiya The largest of these are Svoboda and Right Sector Many of these militias claim that they are fighting for an ethnic cleansing of Russians in Ukraine, and use videos of brutal executions to intimidate Novorossiya
  33. 33. Donetsk Airport Donetsk has been a strategic point in the war Originally it was one of the nicest airports in Ukraine but it has been completely destroyed Ukrainian tanks have destroyed the tower in the picture
  34. 34. Ceasefire Leaders of the Ukrainian Military and Pro-Russian separatists have met in Minsk, Belarus and planned ceasefires There have been two ceasefires but both sides broke the truce leading to more warfare
  35. 35. Artillery Shells Ukrainian tanks have held a siege to Donetsk city While tanks bombard the city from miles away, Novorossiya defends itself with Soviet-era anti- aircraft missles The majority of people killed from artillery shells are Novorossiyan civilians
  36. 36. Malaysian Airliner MH17 In the July, 2014, a Malaysian Airline plane was shot down and crashed in rebel territory. The United States and Ukraine blame Russia for the attack Novorossiya says that they do not have weapons powerful enough to destroy the plane International observers have blamed the fact that Ukrainian planes have been hiding next to commercial airplanes, possibly showing that the rebels shot down the plane by accident Investigation of wreckage
  37. 37. Socialist Volunteers Socialists and Novorossiya sympathizers from all around the world have come to Novorossiya Many of these volunteers are from former USSR countries Russia, Georgia and Belarus There are also many Asian, Jewish, and African volunteers
  38. 38. Total War
  39. 39. Racial Tensions Throughout Kiev and Western Ukraine, attacks against Jews and ethnic Russians have increased greatly The Right Sector Party and the Azov Battalion have recruited more and more people for their mission of “ethnic cleansing” The sign says “Jews will not live in Lyiv”
  40. 40. Azov Battalion The flag of the Azov Battalion incorporates a Nazi black sun as well as a backwards “Das Reich” symbol They also believe that Putin is Jewish…which is very bad according to them
  41. 41. Bombing of Mariupol Mariupol is in the state of Donetsk and the majority reports the rebels, but they are under the control of Ukraine Over 30 people were killed when Novorossiya threw artillery shells at the city Mariupol is a beautiful port city
  42. 42. Second Battle of Donetsk Airport The rebels took over Donetsk Airport
  43. 43. Second Battle of Donetsk Airport After months of heavy fighting, Novorossiya captured all of Donetsk airport Ukrainian Special Forces known as “cyborgs” launched a counter-offense The battle ended with Ukrainian forces fleeing Note that these people are not robot cyborgs but normal people
  44. 44. War Crimes Both sides have used illegal bombs, like cluster bombs that are banned by the Geneva Convention Both sides have accused each other of attempting genocide, and both sides like to count how many times their enemy breaks the ceasefire and report this number to international observers
  45. 45. Death Toll Over 6 000 people have died in the Donbass War Some sources estimate that the death toll could be up to 10 000 This conflict is the deadliest conflict in Europe this century!
  46. 46. Future Both Russia, and the NATO have threatened military intervention Volunteers continue to arrive and fight for both sides A new ceasefire has taken hold but it is very hard to enforce
  47. 47. The End
  48. 48. By Hárris Mowbray Copyright 2015 This presentation was not intended to be biased All the information and pictures are from Wikipedia- meaning that anyone (including I) can use them

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What is happening in Ukraine? This 50 slide powerpoint will explain to you what is going on in Ukraine without media bias. Everything that you have wanted to know.


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