01 Verbal Reasoning Sample Tests - EU EPSO - AST Level - Vol 1

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Verbal Reasoning: Using a short paragraph of text on virtually any topic, this test requires to choose from 4 or 5 answer options the one that fully matches the statements in the original text. There is always only one correct answer because other options may contain insufficient information or false statements. There are 20 verbal reasoning questions in a competition, and the allocated time is 35 minutes.

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01 Verbal Reasoning Sample Tests - EU EPSO - AST Level - Vol 1

  1. 1. Copyright © 2016 Training4EU Team VERBAL REASONING EPSO Test - AST Level - Volume 1
  2. 2. iCopyright © 2016 Training4EU Team Preface
  3. 3. ii © 2016 Training4EU Publication Team, All rights reserved Under the copyright laws, this e-book may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Train- ing4EU. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this ibook is accurate, and the publishers can- not accept responsibility for any errors or omissions, however caused. No responsi- bility for loss or damage occasioned to any person acting, or refraining from ac- tion, as a result of the material in this publication can be accepted by the edi- tor, the publisher or any of the authors. Other company and product names men- tioned herein are trademarks of their re- spective companies. Mention of third- party products is for informational pur- poses only and constitutes neither an en- dorsement nor a recommendation. About Training4EU Team Training4EU Team provides web based Training Services on potential candi- dates who would like to become tomor- row’s permanent EU Officials. With a mix of theory, exercises, and simulation tests Training4EU supports you οn the EPSO exams. Training4EU is independent from the European Union institutions. The sample tests have been extracted from the EPSO official web site.
  4. 4. Sample publications available for downloading Free sample books available to the public through the iBooks Store. Free online tests Free online tests for practice at Training4EU e-learning web site (beta version - under development). https://epso.gnomio.com/
  5. 5. About1 Copyright © 2016 Training4EU Team Practice makes perfect
  6. 6. About | Verbal Reasoning EPSO Tests Using a short paragraph of text on virtually any topic, this test requires to choose from 4 or 5 answer options the one that fully matches the statements in the original text. There is always only one correct answer because other options may contain insuffi- cient information or false statements. 5 35m20q Practice makes perfect There are 20 verbal reasoning questions in a competition, and the allocated time is 35 minutes. Visit our e-learning web site and start practicing: https://epso.gnomio.com/
  7. 7. 6 Success Tips Prepare well Know the test format Be focused Read the statements carefully and make sure you can distinguish be- tween absolute and relative state- ments Budget your time – Allow maximum one minute and thirty five seconds per question Avoid stupid mistakes – Make sure to avoid stupid mistakes that could cost you precious points Revise if time allows it Practice, practice, practice. Practice makes perfect Failure Mistakes Not preparing for the format of the test Advance fear of the test Worrying about the past Obsession with test score Obsession with accuracy Using poor question solving strategy Not reading the entire statement Marking the wrong answer Insufficient preparation
  8. 8. 7 Epso.gnomio.com: Great features Online training No expiration limit or date for the tests for the sample tests Self-enrollment, no personal data are extracted Yes, it helps you practice at your own pace You can retake the quiz as many times as you want You can review the quiz and check each question your answer First make sure that you can answer correctly the questions regardless the time Then keep in mind the time, you must on time also!!
  9. 9. How to Navigate2 Copyright © 2016 Training4EU Team Practice makes perfect
  10. 10. 9 About | https://epso.gnomio.com/ Welcome to our free (test version) e-learning site. You can navigate the e-learning site as GUEST, but you have to self-enrolled in order to practice free with our tests. No per- sonal data is required and any data is used for internal purposes only and is shared with any other third party company. Note that our e-learning site (test version) is hosted temporary by Gnomio.com.
  11. 11. 10 Step 1 | Create new account You need just a valid email in order to create a new account.
  12. 12. Step 2 | Self-enrollment For self-enrollment first select the course -1- and then click on “Enroll me in this course” -2-. Now you are ready to practice through our sample tests -3-. 1 2 3
  13. 13. Step 3 | Select the test Select a test, with or without time limit -1- and start your practice -2-. 1 2
  14. 14. 13 Step 4 | Answer the questions Using a short paragraph of text on virtually any topic, this test requires to choose from 4 answer options the one that fully matches the statements in the original text. There is always only one correct answer because other options may contain insufficient infor- mation or false statements. So, read the statement -1-, understand the question -2-, se- lect the answer -3- and press the button “Next” -4- to move to the next question. Don’t forget the time limit -5-, if you have selected. 1 2 3 4 5
  15. 15. 14 Step 5 | Check your score You just answered the last question and you are ready to see the number of questions you answered correctly -1- . You can also navigate between questions and the correct answers -2-. If you want to finish the review just click the button “Finish review” an the end of this page. 1 2
  16. 16. 15 Step 6 | Re-attempt & keep track You can re-attempt the any test one more time -1- and you can keep track of your pro- gress -2-. 1 2 3
  17. 17. Step 7 | Grades You can keep track of your grades -1-. Training4EU will issue from time to time new tests and you will be informed to take place, along with e-learning material for improv- ing yourself. 1
  18. 18. Sample Test AST Level3 Practice makes perfect Copyright © 2016 Training4EU Team
  19. 19. 18 There are 45 000 road deaths per year in Europe, a number which govern- ments all over Europe are trying hard to reduce. At the same time, 60 000 deaths are caused by air pollution. In both cases, children, in particular those living in urban areas, are the most vulnerable. Many cities and towns across Europe are already working hard on promoting alternative means of trans- port: they are providing good, efficient public transport, they offer incentives to citizens that go for environmentally friendly cars, they try to give the city cen- tre back to pedestrians, etc. Mobility Week is an event where they can pre- sent new initiatives and see what others are doing. It focuses on the benefits of sustainable modes of transport and policies that improve air quality, reduce noise and enhance people's quality of life. A. Reduce the number of children living in urban areas B. Encourage people to purchase environmentally friendly vehicles C. Limit the use of public transport because it is too noisy D. Focus exclusively on improving air quality [#1]   What is one solution put forward by some of Europe's cities and towns?
  20. 20. 19 Ochratoxin is a mycotoxin which has been shown to have carcinogenic and other toxic properties. It occurs naturally and can contaminate agricultural products in the field and after harvest. Maximum permitted levels are estab- lished in EU legislation for significant dietary sources, to reduce human expo- sure as much as possible. It has been shown that cereals and cereal prod- ucts are the main dietary sources of ochratoxin for the EU 'population. Wine, coffee and beer are also significant sources while dried grapes and grape juice are important sources for vulnerable consumers like children. There are already EU rules in place for cereals and dried grapes. The Commission is continuing to review other foodstuffs to set maximum levels where needed. A. It is only found in cereals. B. Wine, beer and coffee transmit the substance in vast amounts. C. It can only be transmitted via liquid foodstuffs. D. It is transmitted by cereals and cereal products and also by other sources. [#2]   Which statement about ochratoxin is correct?
  21. 21. 20 Ochratoxin is a mycotoxin which has been shown to have carcinogenic and other toxic properties. It occurs naturally and can contaminate agricultural products in the field and after harvest. Maximum permitted levels are estab- lished in EU legislation for significant dietary sources, to reduce human expo- sure as much as possible. It has been shown that cereals and cereal prod- ucts are the main dietary sources of ochratoxin for the EU 'population. Wine, coffee and beer are also significant sources while dried grapes and grape juice are important sources for vulnerable consumers like children. There are already EU rules in place for cereals and dried grapes. The Commission is continuing to review other foodstuffs to set maximum levels where needed. A. Ochratoxin is a natural product which is only toxic in food. B. Children must on no account come into contact with ochratoxin. C. Children are at risk as they have less defence against certain substances. D. The Commission has managed to eliminate ochratoxin from cereals and dried grapes. [#3]   Which of the following statements is correct?
  22. 22. 21 The European Commission welcomes the adoption of amendments to the En- ergy Tax Directive authorising the new Member States temporarily to apply ex- cise duty exemptions or lower rates of duty than the EU-wide minimum rates normally required on all energy products and electricity. The transitional ar- rangements are strictly limited in time and none will last longer than 2012; they are proportionate to the actual problems that they are designed to ad- dress. The main justification provided by the accession countries is the likeli- hood that price rises resulting from an increase in excise duties with effect from 1 May 2004, the date on which the accession countries will have to ap- ply the Energy Tax Directive, could have an adverse effect on their econo- mies and could in particular constitute a heavy burden for SMEs and for poorer households. A. According to the accession countries there is no link between the increase in excise duties and prices. B. From 2012 onwards no transitional arrangements will be authorised and all will have to be closed. C. All Member States have the right to exempt, for example, excise duties applied to coal. D. The date of application of the Energy Tax Directive has not yet been published. [#4]   Which of the following statements is correct?
  23. 23. 22 The European Commission has decided to send Denmark an official request for information on the latter's law of 26 March 2003 prohibiting gambling of- fered by service providers registered in other Member States and activities aimed at facilitating participation in or advertising such gambling. Danish law limits the provision of services relating to sports betting in particular. The Com- mission intends to examine the compatibility of the prohibition with the provi- sions of the EC Treaty relating to the free movement of services and freedom of establishment. Given the information at its disposal the Commission fears that the Danish legislation imposes restrictions on freedom of establishment and on the cross-border provision of services which would be disproportion- ate to the common interest objectives recognised by the European Court of Justice (such as consumer protection or the maintenance of law and order). A. It prohibits any inducement to gambling offered by service providers from other Member States. B. It prohibits Danes from participating in gambling outside Denmark. C. It authorises gambling provided it is not linked to sporting events. D. It permits participation in gambling only if this is linked to sporting events. [#5]   What is one of the elements of the Danish law of 26 March 2003?
  24. 24. 23 Commission proposal on cancer screening. The Commission proposal rec- ommends screening programmes comprising: - mammography tests for breast cancer in women from 50 to 69 years; - fecal occult blood tests for colon cancer in men and women from 50 to 74 years; and - Pap smear tests for uterine cervical cancer, with the first test taking place be- tween 20 and 30 years. The proposal will be considered by the Health Ministers of the Member States of the European Union. Adopting the recommendation does not mean the Member States are compelled by law to implement such screening pro- grammes but makes them a political priority. The recommendation could be extended to include other cancer screening tests where their value in system- atic cancer-screening programmes is scientifically established. A. Blood, breast and brain cancer B. Breast, uterine cervical and lung cancer C. Breast, colon and blood cancer D. Breast, uterine cervical and colon cancer [#6] What types of cancer does the Commission proposal involve?
  25. 25. 24 European Union's comments on draft Unesco Convention. Negotiations have started on a draft Convention on protecting the diversity of cultural con- tents and artistic expressions. The aim is to recognise states' rights and spec- ify their duties in terms of preserving and promoting cultural diversity and to establish a framework to foster international cooperation in this area. The European Union has already submitted comments on the draft Convention, in particular underlining: - the all-important need for compliance with human rights and fundamental freedoms guaranteed by international law; the Convention must not weaken these rights and freedoms in the name of culture or tradition; - the importance of international cooperation, in particular vis-à-vis developing countries, in coping with cultural vulnerabilities. A. The importance of international cooperation and respect for human rights B. The fact that respect for culture and tradition is more important than respect for human rights C. The fact that international cooperation is of secondary importance D. None: the European Union has still to put forward its comments [#7]   What aspects do the European Union's comments focus on:
  26. 26. 25 How to submit a complaint to the European Ombudsman. Write to the Ombudsman in any of the European Union languages, setting out clearly who you are, which institution or body of the European Union you are complaining against and the grounds for your complaint. A complaint must be made within two years of the date on which you learned the facts on which your complaint is based. You need not be individually affected by the maladministration. You must have contacted the institution or body concerned already, for example by letter. The Ombudsman does not deal with matters that are currently be- fore a court or that have already been settled by a court. The Ombudsman will examine your complaint and will inform you of the outcome of his investi- gation. A complaint can be made by writing a letter to the European Ombuds- man or by using the form enclosed. A. Complaints can be submitted to the Ombudsman at any time, without any time limit B. A minimum period of two years must elapse after the court has delivered its verdict C. The time limit to comply with is two years from the time the complainant became aware of the facts D. In serious cases, a complaint can be submitted even more than two years after the event [#8]   What time limit must be met when submitting a complaint to the Ombudsman?
  27. 27. 26 Animal welfare during transport. A political agreement on a Regulation will considerably improve the provisions governing animal transport in Europe. This Regulation increases accountability by identifying clearly who is responsi- ble for what and when, which will help enormously in ensuring that the rules are properly enforced throughout the animals’ journey. It provides for the intro- duction from 2007 of new, more effective enforcement tools such as checks via a satellite navigation system. It also introduces much stricter rules for jour- neys of more than eight hours, in particular by substantially upgrading vehicle standards. The Regulation recognises that stress suffered by animals is mostly due to loading and unloading and therefore introduces rules to deal with situations before and after transport, for example at slaughterhouses or in ports. A. From 2007, parties concerned may no longer use a satellite navigation system B. Journeys will henceforward be limited to eight hours C. Standards for transport vehicles will be more severe D. The Regulation lessens the accountability of those involved [#9]   What is one change the new Regulation makes?
  28. 28. 27 European Mobility Week. There are 45 000 road deaths per year in Europe, a number which governments all over Europe are trying hard to reduce. At the same time, 60 000 deaths are caused by air pollution. In both cases, chil- dren, in particular those living in urban areas, are the most vulnerable. Many cities and towns across Europe are already working hard on promoting alter- native means of transport: they are providing good, efficient public transport, they offer incentives to citizens that go for environmentally friendly cars, they try to give the city centre back to pedestrians, etc. Mobility Week is an event where they can present new initiatives and see what others are doing. It fo- cuses on the benefits of sustainable modes of transport and policies that im- prove air quality, reduce noise and enhance people's quality of life. A. Children living in cities and towns B. Motorists who frequently drive in urban areas C. The elderly because they are more sensitive to air pollution D. Travelers who use a highly polluting mode of transport [#10]   What section of the population is most vulnerable to road deaths and pollution?
  29. 29. Answers 1-B Encourage people to pur- chase environmentally friendly vehicles 2-D It is transmitted by cereals and cereal products and also by other sources 3-C Children are at risk as they have less defense against certain substances 4-B From 2012 onwards no transitional arrangements will be authorised and all will have to be closed 5-A It prohibits any induce- ment to gambling offered by service providers from other Member States 6-D Breast, uterine cervical and colon cancer 7-A The importance of inter- national cooperation and re- spect for human rights 8-C The time limit to com- ply with is two years from the time the complainant became aware of the facts 9-C Standards for transport vehicles will be more se- vere 10-A Children living in cit- ies and towns 28
  30. 30. 29 Contact Details Email: contact @ training4eu.com Web: www.training4eu.com Facebook: / Training4EU Twitter: /Training4EU Linkedin: /company/Training4EU

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