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Martha’s Vineyard
Ocean Sustainability
Charlotte McCarron in collaboration with Elise Quebec
Why are oceans important?
 We are an ISLAND and WATER is important
 Cover about three-quarters of the Earth
 Create and...
Background
and History
 Martha’s Vineyard and its
surrounding area was shaped
by glaciers
 The Wampanoag tribes and
earl...
The Legend of Moshup
 A giant, mystical being named
Moshup was responsible for
creating Martha’s Vineyard or
Noepe (“dry ...
Our Aquifers
 “A layer of rock or sand that can absorb and hold water”
 Beneath Edgartown, Oak Bluffs, Vineyard Haven, a...
Watersheds of Martha’s Vineyard
 A watershed is an (unmarked) area that shows how rainwater percolates or runs
from areas...
Our Nitrogen
 Where does it come from?
 Golf courses, lawns, gardens, and farms – pesticides
used in fertilizers
 Septi...
The Challenge:
Too Much Nitrogen
 Nitrogen = algae and
phytoplankton
 As phytoplankton and
algae increase they can
suffo...
The Challenge:
Ocean Acidification
 Carbon pollution = ocean acidification
 The more carbon dioxide that is emitted into...
The Challenge:
Ocean Acidification
 Pollution feeds algae blooms
 Bacteria feed on algae and use up oxygen while releasi...
The Challenge:
Overfishing & Pollution
 Overfishing
 Combated by fishing seasons and size restrictions
 Ex: scallop sea...
Martha’s Vineyard Commission
 A planning agency on the
Island with a mission to
“protect the unique ‘natural,
historical,...
MVC in Collaboration with Others
 Coastal Ponds
 Coastal Ponds Overview Status Report
 MVC Island Plan
 Martha’s Viney...
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)
Natural Resources Department
Martha’s Vineyard Shellfish Group
 Seeks to “preserve and expand the Island’s traditional
shellfisheries”
 Shellfish inc...
Felix Neck Wildlife Sanctuary
 194 acres of conservation land
 Preserves natural habitats and wildlife
 Conservation Pr...
BioDiversity Works
 Beach nesters – protecting and researching the Piping
plovers (federally protected, threatened specie...
Vineyard Conservation Society
 VCS believes “that the health of our Island and its waters will
increasingly depend on an ...
The Trustees of Reservation
 Cape Pogue, Long Point, Menemsha Hills, Mytoi
Japanese Garden, Norton Point, and Wasque
 Op...
Sheriff’s Meadow Foundation
 Maintenance of native plant and wildlife communities
 Conservation of agricultural land
Watershed Organizations
 Dukes County Conservation Commission
 Friends of Sengekontacket
 Great Pond Foundation
 Lagoo...
MVYLI’s
Ocean Sustainability Program
Secretary John Kerry’s Our Oceans Conference: 2014
 Sylvia Earle - a pioneer in the ...
MVYLI’s
Ocean Sustainability Program
 10th Youth Leadership Summit Dedicated to Oceans
MVYLI’s
Oceans Sustainability Program
 Cronkite Awards 2014: Dr. Sylvia Earle & Sam Low
MVYLI’s Beach Clean Up
Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup
Vineyard Haven Harbor Beach
MVYLI’s Field Trip to WHOI
 We are the future and we must understand the importance of our
oceans, science, and engineeri...
Other Projects
 Projects to improve knowledge of wildlife biology to effectively
manage resources and funded by U.S. Fish...
MVYLI Field Trip to WHOI
They rolled out the Red Carpet for us!
 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL)
Marine Resources Cent...
Martha’s Vineyard Hope Spots
Ocean Day
The Institute’s 11th Annual
Youth Leadership Summit
for Sustainable Development
Our Faculty
Dr. Sylvia Earle (vi...
MVYLI’s Ocean Literary
Education Campaign 2015-2016
1. Produce 5 minute educational video
2. Educational Outreach Campaign...
What can we do?
 Join Beach Clean Ups
 Volunteer with these organizations
 Internships & Summer Jobs
 Learn about scie...
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Martha’s Vineyard Ocean Sustainability

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by Elise Quebec & Charlotte McCarron

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Martha’s Vineyard Ocean Sustainability

  1. 1. Martha’s Vineyard Ocean Sustainability Charlotte McCarron in collaboration with Elise Quebec
  2. 2. Why are oceans important?  We are an ISLAND and WATER is important  Cover about three-quarters of the Earth  Create and regulate weather around the globe  Help produce water, food, and oxygen  The well-being of societies, economies, and the environment are all interdependent  Ex: Fishing and shell-fishing – important in the generating income, but over-harvesting or pollution of or surrounding oceans can be devastating
  3. 3. Background and History  Martha’s Vineyard and its surrounding area was shaped by glaciers  The Wampanoag tribes and early settlers built around bodies of water  Source of nourishment - fish and shellfish  Travel and recreation  Historic dependence on the health and well being of our aquatic ecosystems
  4. 4. The Legend of Moshup  A giant, mystical being named Moshup was responsible for creating Martha’s Vineyard or Noepe (“dry place”)  Dragged his feet heavily as he made his way to Noepe, broadening the ocean and creating a deeper divide  Separated Noepe from the mainland (the Vineyard Sound) as an escape from the war on the mainland
  5. 5. Our Aquifers  “A layer of rock or sand that can absorb and hold water”  Beneath Edgartown, Oak Bluffs, Vineyard Haven, and West Tisbury  Smaller aquifers in Chilmark, West Tisbury, Aquinnah, and Chappaquidick  Ground water is our only source replenishing the aquifers – EPA deemed it a “soul source aquifer” in 1988
  6. 6. Watersheds of Martha’s Vineyard  A watershed is an (unmarked) area that shows how rainwater percolates or runs from areas of higher elevation to areas of lower elevation
  7. 7. Our Nitrogen  Where does it come from?  Golf courses, lawns, gardens, and farms – pesticides used in fertilizers  Septic tanks – concentrated amounts of urine produce and excess of nitrogen  Pollution – pollution from cars makes it’s way into the water cycle through air and evaporation from the street
  8. 8. The Challenge: Too Much Nitrogen  Nitrogen = algae and phytoplankton  As phytoplankton and algae increase they can suffocate eelgrass and reduce the amount of sunlight is able to penetrate the water  Eelgrass provides a habitat for scallops, blue crabs, and many other forms of marine wildlife
  9. 9. The Challenge: Ocean Acidification  Carbon pollution = ocean acidification  The more carbon dioxide that is emitted into the air, the more CO2 that dissolves into the ocean
  10. 10. The Challenge: Ocean Acidification  Pollution feeds algae blooms  Bacteria feed on algae and use up oxygen while releasing an excess of CO2  CO2 interferes with calcium carbonate ions in salt water  Harder for marine life to construct and maintain calcium-based shells and exoskeletons  Ex: lobsters, snails, shrimp
  11. 11. The Challenge: Overfishing & Pollution  Overfishing  Combated by fishing seasons and size restrictions  Ex: scallop season and harvesting size restrictions  Pollution  Seen with nitrogen and carbon dioxide  Cycles: what goes up must come down
  12. 12. Martha’s Vineyard Commission  A planning agency on the Island with a mission to “protect the unique ‘natural, historical, ecological, scientific, [and] cultural’ qualities of the Vineyard”  Works to monitor the aquifer and watersheds  Harbor management and water quality monitoring  Beaches, shoreline, and coastal pond management
  13. 13. MVC in Collaboration with Others  Coastal Ponds  Coastal Ponds Overview Status Report  MVC Island Plan  Martha’s Vineyard Wastewater Management Study  Martha’s Vineyard Water Alliance  Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) Natural Resources Department  Cape Cod Wastewater Management Initiative  Massachusetts Estuaries Project
  14. 14. Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) Natural Resources Department
  15. 15. Martha’s Vineyard Shellfish Group  Seeks to “preserve and expand the Island’s traditional shellfisheries”  Shellfish include: quahogs, scallops, and oysters  Works with all six towns to establish aquaculture rules and regulations  Legal size for harvesting shellfish – allows the species to naturally replenish itself  Shellfishing license  Works to improve and maintain water quality
  16. 16. Felix Neck Wildlife Sanctuary  194 acres of conservation land  Preserves natural habitats and wildlife  Conservation Projects:  Promotes sustainability in the conservation of energy and water, and by educating our community (summer camps and partnership with island schools  The Osprey Monitoring Program  “Represent renewal and triumph over hardship”  In 1969 there were only 2 pairs of nesting osprey on the Vineyard  Threatened by a pesticide DDT and a lack of nesting sites  Once DDT was banned (in 1972) and nesting sites were established (built poles and placed on telephone poles) the species grew in number
  17. 17. BioDiversity Works  Beach nesters – protecting and researching the Piping plovers (federally protected, threatened species)  Coastal river otters that have recently been inhabiting the waters of Martha’s Vineyard
  18. 18. Vineyard Conservation Society  VCS believes “that the health of our Island and its waters will increasingly depend on an informed and mobilized public”  Open Space Preservation  Clean Water Initiative  Vineyard Lawns Campaign  Climate Change Adaptation  Zero Waste Events
  19. 19. The Trustees of Reservation  Cape Pogue, Long Point, Menemsha Hills, Mytoi Japanese Garden, Norton Point, and Wasque  Open conservation land up for public enjoyment
  20. 20. Sheriff’s Meadow Foundation  Maintenance of native plant and wildlife communities  Conservation of agricultural land
  21. 21. Watershed Organizations  Dukes County Conservation Commission  Friends of Sengekontacket  Great Pond Foundation  Lagoon Pond Association  Oak Bluffs Conservation Commission  Oak Bluffs Shellfish Department  Squibnocket Pond District Advisory  Tisbury Waterways, Inc.  West Tisbury Conservation Commission
  22. 22. MVYLI’s Ocean Sustainability Program Secretary John Kerry’s Our Oceans Conference: 2014  Sylvia Earle - a pioneer in the field of oceanography and marine biology author, lecturer, explorer  Sylvia is at the forefront of deep ocean exploration and is seen here at Our Oceans Conference 2014  Conference was a turning point for ocean conservation as leaders all over the world announced commitments and plans for its protection
  23. 23. MVYLI’s Ocean Sustainability Program  10th Youth Leadership Summit Dedicated to Oceans
  24. 24. MVYLI’s Oceans Sustainability Program  Cronkite Awards 2014: Dr. Sylvia Earle & Sam Low
  25. 25. MVYLI’s Beach Clean Up Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup Vineyard Haven Harbor Beach
  26. 26. MVYLI’s Field Trip to WHOI  We are the future and we must understand the importance of our oceans, science, and engineering.
  27. 27. Other Projects  Projects to improve knowledge of wildlife biology to effectively manage resources and funded by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service o Bay Scallop Restoration Program  Tribal fisherman rely on bay scallops for livelihood  They now grow scallops, control predators, monitor water quality and restore eelgrass o Winter Flounder Restoration Program  Winter flounder has declined  Used tribal hatchery to spawn growth of flounder  Cooperative effort from tribal members, Duke’s County Fisherman’s Association and the University of New Hampshire
  28. 28. MVYLI Field Trip to WHOI They rolled out the Red Carpet for us!  Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) Marine Resources Center The Ecosystems Center  NOAA Fisheries National Oceanographic & Atmospheric Administration  WHOI’s Deep Submergence Lab DVS Alvin & R/V Knorr  Woods Hole Aquarium
  29. 29. Martha’s Vineyard Hope Spots
  30. 30. Ocean Day The Institute’s 11th Annual Youth Leadership Summit for Sustainable Development Our Faculty Dr. Sylvia Earle (via skype) Dr. Sarah Oktay, Nantucket Field Station Presentations on Island Best Practices MV West Tisbury School: Straw Free MV Hawaii: Windward, Oahu Hawaii: Waimea, Hawaii Island MVYLI Ocean Sustainability-In-Action Projects Global Blue Sustainability Projects: Worldwide Voyage with Hokulea (via skype/Google Hangout) Workgroups: Islands = Sustainability in Action Projects Pathways Ocean Art Project
  31. 31. MVYLI’s Ocean Literary Education Campaign 2015-2016 1. Produce 5 minute educational video 2. Educational Outreach Campaign  • MVRHS Library Hosts School Assembly  • Training using video & NOAA curriculum  • Premiere event with seasonal residents 3. Ocean Literary Education Campaign  • MVYLI youth show video at K-12 schools 4. MVRHS Science Fair Projects  • MVYLI video presentation  • Outcomes: WHOI judge (s) + Science Projects
  32. 32. What can we do?  Join Beach Clean Ups  Volunteer with these organizations  Internships & Summer Jobs  Learn about science:  Become a STEM Champion!  Visit Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

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