Global Positioning System

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Global Positioning System

  1. 1. Using GPS Techniques in Surveys1 20/01/2013
  2. 2. Navigation and Positioning are Crucial to So Many Activities2 20/01/2013
  3. 3. GPS Satellites3 20/01/2013
  4. 4. 4 20/01/2013
  5. 5. 5 20/01/2013
  6. 6. Geometric Idea, Using a Satellite6 20/01/2013
  7. 7. Using 2 Satellites7 20/01/2013
  8. 8. Using 3 Satellites8 20/01/2013
  9. 9. Mathematical Idea; V * T = D9 20/01/2013
  10. 10. 10 20/01/2013
  11. 11. 11 20/01/2013
  12. 12. Satellites Have Precise Atomic Clocks12 20/01/2013
  13. 13. 13 20/01/2013
  14. 14. Precise Orbit14 20/01/2013
  15. 15. GPS Satellites Positions are very Predictable15 20/01/2013
  16. 16. Radar Checks each Satellite Altitude, Position and Speed16 20/01/2013
  17. 17. Minor Variations17 20/01/2013
  18. 18. Earth’s Atmosphere Causes Delays in the GPS Signals18 20/01/2013
  19. 19. Ionosphere & Troposphere, Error Sources19 20/01/2013
  20. 20. Multi-path Error20 20/01/2013
  21. 21. Ephemeris Errors, GDOP21 20/01/2013
  22. 22. Good Configuration22 20/01/2013
  23. 23. Differential GPS23 20/01/2013
  24. 24. Static Surveying by GPS Remote/rover receiver GPS at reference station24 20/01/2013
  25. 25. Rapid Static Surveying by GPS Remote/rover receiver GPS at reference station25 20/01/2013
  26. 26. Kinematic Surveying by GPS Remote/rover receiver GPS at reference station Initialization station26 20/01/2013
  27. 27. GPS ApplicationsLocationNavigationTrackingMappingTiming27 20/01/2013
  28. 28. 28 20/01/2013
  29. 29. Z2 i Z1 ri i Y2 r0  Z Y1 X Y X2 ‫وسائط التحويل‬X1 29 20/01/2013
  30. 30. Topcon , Software and Hardware30 20/01/2013
  31. 31. Transformation Parameters between Satellite & Geodetic Systems 3 Translations:  X Y Z 3 Rotations: X Y Z 1 Scale Difference: S31 20/01/2013

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