Engineering Ethics and Values

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Engineering Ethics and Values

  1. 1. rJ noAitaA taooD trDh:AohtuA t Engineering EthicsThe rules and standards which govern the conduct ofengineers in their role as professionals. Engineeringethics are similar to general ethics, but apply to thespecific issues which affect engineering professionals.Engineering ethics is the study of moral issues anddecisions confronting individuals and organizationsengaged in engineering.The study of related questions about moral ideals,character, policies and relationship of people andcorporations involved in technological activity.
  2. 2. rJ noAitaA taooD trDh:AohtuA WHY STUDY ENGINEERING ETHICS?- What is the point in studying engineering ethics?- What can be gained from taking a course in ethics?Engineering ethics course is not about preaching virtuerather, its objective is to increase your ability asengineers to responsibly confront moral issues raised bytechnological activity.Increased awareness of importance due to publicitysurrounding high profile engineering failures.Engineering decisions can impact public health, safety,business practices and politics. Engineers should beaware of moral implications as they make decisions inthe workplace.
  3. 3. rJ noAitaA taooD trDh:AohtuA The scope of engineering ethicsSee fig.
  4. 4. rJ noAitaA taooD trDh:AohtuAt Questionable Engineering Practices- Trimming – “smoothing of irregularities to make datalook extremely accurate and precise"- Cooking – “retaining only those results that fit thetheory and discarding others"- Forging – “inventing some or all of the research data"- Plagiarism – misappropriating intellectual property.- Conflicts of interest (such as accepting gifts).- Actual- Potential- ApparentEthical Issues Faced by Engineers- Public Safety- Bribery and Fraud- Environmental Protection- Fairness- Honesty in Research and Testing- Conflicts of Interest
  5. 5. rJ noAitaA taooD trDh:AohtuA GoalSensitize you to the important ethical issues before youhave to confront them.Moral autonomy:To think critically and independently about moral issues.To apply this moral thinking to situations that arises inprofessional engineering practice. EthicsEthics define rules or norms for acceptable andunacceptable behaviorWhat does it mean to “Do the Right Thing”?Behaving Ethically Includes:Being honest.Keeping promises.Doing your job well.Not stealing.
  6. 6. rJ noAitaA taooD trDh:AohtuAEthical Views (cont’d) : Reaching the RightDecision:-There is no formula to solve ethical problems.-The professional must consider trade-offs.-Ethical theories help to identify importantprinciples or guidelines.Ethical Views (cont’d) Some ImportantDistinctions (cont’d):-Goals vs. actions: the actions we take toachieve our goals should be consistent withour ethical constraints.-Personal preference vs. ethics: some issues wedisapprove of because of our dislikes, ratherthan on ethical grounds.-Law vs. ethics: some acts are ethical, butillegal; other acts are legal, but unethical.

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