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Engineering Ethics


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Engineering Ethics

  1. 1. 4-5 ETHICSThe study of the characteristics of morals. Engineering Ethics – Rules and standards governing conduct of engineers. A body of philosophy indicating ways that engineers should conduct themselves in their professional capacity. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 1
  2. 2. ENGINEERING ETHICSEngineers have an ethical and social responsibility to themselves, their clients, and to society.Practically (although there is much debate about this), engineering ethics is about balancing cost, schedule, and risk. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 2
  3. 3. WHY STUDY?Several notorious cases –Achieved great attention and led engineers to gain an increased sense of professional responsibilities.Led to an awareness of the importance of ethics, how engineers have far reaching impact on society. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 3
  4. 4. QUESTIONABLE ENGINEERING PRACTICESForging – “ inventing some or all of the research data…”Plagiarism – misappropriating intellectual property.Conflicts of interest (such as accepting gifts.) actual potential apparent AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 4
  5. 5. CLEARLY WRONG ENGINEERINGPRACTICESLyingDeliberate deceptionWithholding informationFailure to seek out the truthRevealing confidential or proprietary information. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 5
  6. 6. GOALSensitize you to the important ethical issues before you have to confront them. Moral autonomy – To think critically and independently about moral issues. To apply this moral thinking to situations that arise in professional engineering practice. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 6
  7. 7. ETHICSEthics define rules or norms for acceptable and unacceptable behaviorWhat does it mean to “Do the Right Thing”? Behaving Ethically Includes:  Being honest.  Keeping promises.  Doing your job well.  Not stealing. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 7
  8. 8. ETHICSEthical Views (cont’d) Reaching the Right Decision  There is no formula to solve ethical problems.  The professional must consider trade-offs.  Ethical theories help to identify important principles or guidelines. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 8
  9. 9. ETHICSEthical Views (cont’d) Some Important Distinctions (cont’d)  Goals vs. actions: the actions we take to achieve our goals should be consistent with our ethical constraints.  Law vs. ethics: some acts are ethical, but illegal; other acts are legal, but unethical. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 9
  10. 10. ORIGINS OF TODAY’S ETHICSAncient Greeks - especially Socrates, AristotleJudeo – Christian traditionIslamBuddhistsHindusWestern ethics have principally evolved from firsttwo.Muslim culture is basically the best way for best ethics AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 10
  11. 11. ORIGINS - CONTINUED Philosophy Law Religion Ethical Behavior – grounded in concern for others AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 11
  12. 12. ETHICS AND RELIGIONSome people’s ethics are based in religionHowever, nominally religious people may not be ethical. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 12
  13. 13. ETHICS AND LAWEngineering and business are governed by laws at the international, federal, state and local levels. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 13
  14. 14. PERSONAL VS. BUSINESS ETHICSPersonal ethics deal with how we treat others in our day-to-day lives.Professional (business) ethics often involves choices on an organizational level rather than a personal level. AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 14
  15. 15. ETHICS PROBLEMSRarely have a correct answer that everyone will come up with.There will be a range of solutions that are clearly right.There will be a range of solutions that are clearly wrong.It is convenient to define your ethics reference AUTHOR: TOMAS U. GANIRON JR 15