Chapter 11 evidence

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A quick description on the meaning of evidence, and how important it is.

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Chapter 11 evidence

  1. 1. By Harold Garcia
  2. 2. What is Evidence? •The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid. • Evidence is the Foundation of an argument •Evidence establishes the amount of accuracy on your argument
  3. 3.  This is determined based on the demands of the target audience  Friendly Audience: Already Supports the advocate position on a claim, so very little evidence is needed  Neutral Audience: One that has made no commitment to adhere to the advocated point of view. The evidence needed can go either way  Hostile Audience: This group is opposed to the advocate’s point of view; in this case a great deal of evidence is needed
  4. 4.  Establish conclusive proof in such a way that the law will not allow it to be contradicted  Form circumstantial proof to form a link strong enough to prove your point.  Create an evidence chain. Put together as much evidence possible to establish the accuracy of the claim. Use different types of evidence.
  5. 5.  To make sure strong evidence has been acquired, it must be put to the test.  Evidence must be accurate  Evidence must be trusted and reliable  There are multiple steps that can be used to test evidence.
  6. 6.  Regency: Evidence too old to be relevant to current     issues Sufficiency: Is the evidence enough? Is it sufficient for all the claims being made? Logical Relevance: Does the claim justifies the conclusion offered? Can the conclusion be drawn based on the evidence provided? Internal Consistency: Does the source make claims contradicted by other claims? External Consistency: Are the claims consistent with the general knowledge and other evidence provided? And if discrepancies occur, can the writer account for them?

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