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The israeli – arab conflict


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Presentation about the creation of Palestinian, Jordan and Israeli nationalities/peoples

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The israeli – arab conflict

  1. 1. The Israeli – Arab Conflict
  2. 2. What happened?
  3. 3. The conflict is between artificialcountries and artificial peoples
  4. 4. Overview- State of the land- Colonial Powers- Zionism- Balfour Declaration- Mandate of Palestine- Arabic homeland within the Mandate- State and peoples affections to tribes- UN Vote- Independence day/ Nakhba- Conclusion
  5. 5. State of the land: 1881-1914- Part of the Ottoman Empire- Jewish (Yishuv) and Arab population- 1880: 590.000 inhabitants
  6. 6. Colonial Powers- UK, France and Russia: Sykes – PicotAgreement (1916)
  7. 7. Zionism-Secular Zionism-Religious Zionism-Moses Hess-Theodore Herzl-Sir Montefiore-Sir Rothschild
  8. 8. Balfour Declaration
  9. 9. Mandate of Palestine ART. 2. The Mandatory shall be responsible for placing the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home, as laid down in the preamble,and the development of self-governing institutions, and also for safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all theinhabitants of Palestine, irrespective of race and religion.
  10. 10. The Arabic Homeland inthe Mandate-Mandate stated autonomy for allpeoples under British rule-Jewish National Homeland was to becreated next to Arabic one-All inhabitants were to be called Palestinians
  11. 11. Arab affections-UK rewarded the Hashemite tribe ofSaudi-Arabia-King Faisal begot Iraq-Later, his younger brother begotTransjordan: Emir Abdullah-Creation of seperate Arab identities:Jordans and Palestinians
  12. 12. Result of Seperation in theMandate-Both local Arabs and Zionists feltbetrayed by the British-Division between Jews andPalestinians-Clashes between Arab and JewishPopulation-4 days of riots; British couldn’t stop it
  13. 13. Jewish Affections-Zionist movement operated a ‘statewithin a state’-Hitler gained power-Another massive influx of immigrants-Fear of ‘treacherous’ UK-Start of Zionist terror against UK andArabs
  14. 14. UN Partition Plan-End of Palestine Mandate: 1947-Zionist movement sought state inJewish National Home-UN vote: Resolution GA 181-33 in favor, 13 against, 10 abstain
  15. 15. Independance Day/Nakhba-Israel proclaimed independance-Arabs left the land out of fear ofJewish terror and false promises ofArab leaders-First Arab-Israeli War-Jordan occupied West Bank
  16. 16. ConclusionArtificial Countries Artificial Peoples• Mandate was created out of • Inhabitants of Palestinian colonial interest Mandate were one people• Jordan was created as a gift • Seperation of Jordans and• State of Israel was created Palestinians as opposed to Jewish • Seperation of Jews and National Homeland Palestinians