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Global Pellet Markets: Standardization, Certification and Legislation


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presentation at World Biomass Power Markets, Friday May 17th in Amsterdam

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Global Pellet Markets: Standardization, Certification and Legislation

  1. 1. 1World Biomass Power MarketsMay 17th , 2013, AmsterdamGlobal Pellet Markets:Standardization, Certification and LegislationHarmen WillemseConsultantNEN - NetherlandsStandardization InstituteGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  2. 2. About NEN• 35.000 standard users• 1.400 committees• 40.000 standards• € 40 million turnover, 300 employees• 280 international secretariats CEN and ISO•Private standardizationorganisation since 1916•Founding member of CEN,CENELEC, ISO and IECGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  3. 3. NEN and Energy• Standards development in energy market:– Solid, liquid & gaseous (bio)fuels– Sustainability of bioenergy– (petroleum, petro-)chemical & natural gas Technology– Pipeline and distribution systems– Energy management & efficiency– Hydrogen & Fuel cell Technology– Biobased products– Smart cities, Smart grids, Electrical vehicles– Wind, Tidal and Solar power systemsGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  4. 4. Standardization• A standard is a voluntary agreement amongst marketparties• Starting points for standards development– All parties concerned– Agreements based on consensus– Open & transparent process• Purposes– Facilitating trade & interoperability– Self-regulation– Health, safety, environment– ImageGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  5. 5. International standardization•Standardization takesplace at three levels:– National (NEN)– European (CEN)– International (ISO)Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  6. 6. The golden triangle6Global criteriaDetailedelaborationConformityassessmentGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  7. 7. An illustrationSustainability criteria for biofuels and liquidbiomass7Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  8. 8. EU sustainability criteria biofuelsGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  9. 9. CEN Technical Committee 383“Sustainably produced biomass for energy applications”– initiated and chaired by the Netherlands, February 2008– originally meant to cover Cramer-criteria– re-focused on basis of RED and specific EC letter request in 2009– Published EN 16214-series: Sustainability criteria for the production ofbiofuels and bioliquids for energy applications9“The work carried out by CEN/TC 383 is toassist economic operators in providingevidence for the provisions relating to the EUsustainability criteria for biofuels andbioliquids”Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  10. 10. ISO 13065 ‘Sustainability criteria forbioenergy’• Specifies sustainability principles, criteria and measurable indicatorsfor the processes involved throughout the bioenergy supply chain tofacilitate assessment of environmental, social and economic aspectsof sustainability• Does not establish thresholds or limits and does not describe specificbioenergy processes and production methods• Is intended to facilitate comparison between various bioenergyprocesses or products• Compliance with ISO 13065 does not determine the sustainability ofprocesses or products.• Applicable to solid, liquid and gaseous biomassISO/PC 248Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  11. 11. NTA 8080 sustainable biomass11Cramer sustainabilitythemes:• Well-being• Environment• Biodiversity• Greenhouse gases• Prosperity• CompetitionGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  12. 12. NTA 8080 Sustainability criteria forbiomass for energy purposes• Developed with a diverse group of stakeholders,including several NGOs• For international application• For all types of biomass• Harmonized with CEN and ISO standards• Approved as a voluntary scheme for RED• Accredited by RvA, an EA and IAF memberGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  13. 13. Scope of certificationSolid, Liquid and Gaseous biomassProducers, Processors, Traders, End-usersNTA8080NTA8080NTA8080NTA8080NTA8080Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  14. 14. WWW.NT8080.ORG>> Opportunity to join the update of the standard!14Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  15. 15. Solid StandardsStandardization, certification and legislation forsolid biofuels15Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  16. 16. European standards (2009-2012)16TerminologyEN 14588Fuel specifications and classesEN 14961 seriesFuel quality assuranceEN 15234 seriesSample and sample preparationEN 14778, EN 14780Physical and mechanical propertiesEN 14774 series, EN 14775, EN 14918, EN15103, EN 15148, EN 15149 series, CEN/TS15149, EN 15150, EN 15210 series, EN 16126,EN 16127Chemical analysisEN 15104, EN 15105, EN 15289, EN 15290,EN 15296, EN 15297Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  17. 17. Input for ISO standards (replacing ENstandards)17TopicEuropean (EN)standardsInternational (ISO)standardsTerminology EN 14588 ISO/DIS 16559*Fuel specificationsand classesEN 14961 series (6parts)ISO/DIS 17225 series(7 parts)*Fuel quality assuranceEN 15234 series (6parts)ISO/CD 17588*Sample and samplepreparationEN 14778 and EN14780ISO/NP 18135* andISO/NP 14780*Physical andmechanical properties15 standards published12 standards underdevelopmentChemical analysis 6 standards published6 standards underdevelopmentDownload the complete overview hereGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  18. 18. Certification18DINplusWood Pellets for Central Heating BoilersENplusWood Pellets for Heating PurposesEN 14961-2:2011 Solid biofuels – Fuel specifications andclasses – Part 2: Wood pellets for non-industrial useGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization
  19. 19. Solid Biofuels – Quality aspects19Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  20. 20. Solid Biofuels – Sustainability• No European legislation in place yet• EU Report on sustainability requirements for use ofsolid and gaseous biomass resources in electricity,heating and cooling (2010)• UK and Belgium are working on national legislation• Certification schemes/initiatives are being developed(IWPB)• Some are already being used (GGL, NTA 8080*)• Sustainable forestry: FSC, PEFC, SFI, CSA• Voluntary reporting by energy companies started inthe Netherlands, based on a Green DealGlobal Pellet Markets and Standardization 20* Approved for RED
  21. 21. Sustainability of solid biomass: bottom up21Global Pellet Markets and Standardization
  22. 22. Conclusions & takeaways• Standards are voluntary agreements, creating certaintyand transparency in the market• Interaction between legislation, standardization andcertification• (Potential) Role of standards in policy development• Standards and voluntary schemes are powerful tools todrive the sustainability debate• Opportunity for the market to take the lead22Global Pellet Markets and Standardization