Dare to
Differentiate!
50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Danny Brassell, Ph.D.
Jeff Miller, Ph.D.
www.lazyreaders.com
Learning Goals
By the end of this presentation, we will
have:
 Determined what differentiated
instruction means and why i...
What Is
Differentiated
Instruction?
Differentiated instruction is a teaching
philosophy based on the premise that
teachers should adapt instruction to
student...
huh?
Whenever a teacher reaches
out to an individual or small
group to vary his or her
teaching in order to create the
best lea...
Oh…
Why Is
Differentiating
Instruction
Important?
To learn a particular
concept, some children
need days; some, ten
minutes, but the typical
lockstep school
schedule ignore...
Eight Principles
of a
Differentiated
Classroom
Principle #1
The teacher is
clear about what
matters in the
content area.
Principle #2
The teacher
understands, appreci
ates and builds upon
student differences.
Principle #3
Assessment and
instruction are
inseparable.
You’re wrong!
vs.
Why did you say that?
Principle #4
All students
participate in
respectful work.
Principle #5
Students and
teachers
collaborate in
learning.
Principle #6
The teacher adjusts
content, process, and
product in response to
student
readiness, interests, an
d learning ...
Principle #7
Goals of a
differentiated
classroom are
maximum growth
and continued
success.
Principle #8
Flexibility is the
hallmark of a
differentiated
classroom.
Environment
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #1
Create a supportive
environment of
respect (teacher-
students, ...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #2
Develop a sense of
community.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #3
Facilitate an
environment where
students feel safe to
take risk...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #4
Promote the
development of a
broad range of skills
and
interest...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #5
Set-up physical
classroom for
student-centered
instruction.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #6
Provide purposeful
materials and
resources.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #7
Have high
expectations for
ALL.
If you refuse to
accept anything but
the best in life, you
very often get it.
- Somerset Maugham
Readiness
When a teacher tries to teach
something to the entire class
at the same time, chances
are, one-third of the kids
already k...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #8
Allow students to
“show what they
know” in a variety
of ways.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #9
Provide students with
plenty of time to
explore, understand
and...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #10
Permit students time
to revisit ideas and
concepts in order to...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #11
Ensure lessons are
developmentally
appropriate.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #12
Tier activities to
provide
appropriate level of
challenge.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #13
Compact
curriculum to
provide enrichment
and challenge.
Interest
If a student has a spark
(or better still, a fire), a
curiosity about a
topic, learning is more
likely for that student.
-...
If there is anything we
wish to change in the
child, we should first
examine it and see
whether it is not
something that c...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #14
Incorporate
creativity.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #15
Provide students real
choices in what they
learn, how they lea...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #16
Offer real-world
challenges that are
directly connected to
the...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #17
Offer novel, unique
and engaging
activities to capture
and sus...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #18
Use multi-
media/technology.
Learning
Profile
The biggest mistake of past
centuries in teaching has been
to treat all children as if they
were variants of the same
indi...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #19
Focus on students‟
learning styles.
It’s not how smart
you are.
It’s how
you are smart.
Sternberg’s Three
Intelligences
Creative Analytical
Practical
• We all have some of each of these intelligences, but
are u...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #20
Emphasize brain-
compatible
instruction.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #21
Recognize and
honor cultural
diversity.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #22
Emphasize student
strengths and develop
ways to compensate
for...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #23
Permit positive
movement.
Content
Instruction begins
where the students
are, not at the front
of the curriculum
guide.
- CAROL ANN TOMLINSON
to Differentiate Content
Reading Partners / Reading Buddies *
Choral Reading/Antiphonal Reading
Flip Books
Split Journ...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #24
Present the
curriculum through
interdisciplinary “big
ideas” v...
Remember jigsaw
puzzles: they’re much
easier when you can
see the whole picture
first.
- GORDON DRYDEN,
The Learning Revol...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #25
Plan before, during
and after
instruction.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #26
Negotiate contracts
to provide
appropriate learning
activities...
Motivation and
productivity skyrocket
when students reach
their goals.
- BETTIE B. YOUNGS,
The 6 Vital Ingredients of Self...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #27
Challenge students
(i + 1).
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #28
Create centers.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #29
Co-develop
standards with
students.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #30
Clearly state
expectations (be
specific about
requirements).
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #31
Empower learners!
Encourage students
to help set and
enforce n...
Process
Learning is
most effective
when it’s fun.
- PETER KLINE,
The Everyday Genius
I never worked a
day in my life. It was
all fun.
- Thomas Edison
To learn
it, do it!
- ROBERT C. SCHANK,
Engines for Learning
TO DIFFERENTIATE PROCESS
Fun & Games
RAFTs
Cubing, Think Dots
Choices (Intelligences)
Centers
Tiered lessons
Contra...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #32
Utilize
active, hands-on
learning.
80 percent of learning
difficulties are related to
stress. Remove the
stress, and you remove
the difficulties.
- GORDON ST...
Children learn best
when they are helped
to discover the
underlying principles for
themselves.
- PETER KLINE,
The Everyday...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #33
Allow students to
work collaboratively
and independently
(flex...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #34
Make use of higher
level thinking and
questioning
strategies.
If the questions
are simple so is
the thinking.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #35
Offer students
plenty of time for
reflection and goal
setting.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #36
Vary strategies.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #37
Consider integrated
curriculum, problem-
based learning and
se...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #38
Balance teacher-
chosen and teacher-
directed activities
with ...
The art of teaching is
developing into the art
of teaching children to
teach themselves.
- HELENA H. WALLENBERG and MICHAE...
Children’s work IS
their play. Children
learn from
everything they do.
- CAROLYN HOOPER,
New Zealand Playcenter Movement
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #39
Help students
understand group‟s
shared needs for
success, to
...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #40
Monitor student
progress
constantly.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #41
Aim high; scaffold
weaknesses.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #42
Teach for meaning;
not rote.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #43
Be flexible (with
time, space, materi
als and groupings).
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #44
Teach strategies
explicitly so student
has “easy way out”
of t...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #45
Collaborate with
parents, resource
specialists, etc. It
takes ...
Product
If there were only one
truth, you couldn’t
paint a hundred
canvases on the
same theme.
- Pablo Picasso
All children are born
geniuses, and we spend
the first six years of their
lives degeniusing them.
- BUCKMINSTER FULLER
to Differentiate Product
Choices based on readiness, interest, and
learning profile
Clear expectations
Timelines
Agree...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #46
Provide opportunities
for
projects, creativity, pr
oblems and
...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #47
Focus on student
growth.
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #48
Initiate student-
maintained portfolios
and assessments with
v...
THINKING ABOUT
ON-GOING ASSESSMENT
STUDENT DATA SOURCES
1. Journal entry
2. Short answer test
3. Open response test
4. Hom...
Differentiated Report Cards
A = Excellent
Growth
B = Very Good
Growth
C = Some Growth
D = Little Growth
F = No Observable
...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #49
Support students in
creating products for
real events/audience...
Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks
Trick #50
Emphasize quality
of thought and
expression vs.
accuracy.
Review
In this presentation, we:
 Determined what differentiated instruction
means and why it is important;
 Discussed w...
The real art of discovery
consists not in finding
new lands, but in seeing
with new eyes.
- Marcel Proust
Miller daretod ishow
Miller daretod ishow
Miller daretod ishow
Miller daretod ishow
Miller daretod ishow
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I just read this today,and recommend it for all the educationist who truly believe in differentiating,as most of the strategies shared are very simple and useable in any classroom setting.I down loaded the content from a site called www.differentiate.com.

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Miller daretod ishow

  1. 1. Dare to Differentiate! 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Danny Brassell, Ph.D. Jeff Miller, Ph.D. www.lazyreaders.com
  2. 2. Learning Goals By the end of this presentation, we will have:  Determined what differentiated instruction means and why it is important;  Discussed ways to meet standards without sacrificing student readiness, interests and learning styles;  Examined 50 tricks teachers may keep in mind when differentiating instruction; and  Reviewed songs, games and activities designed to stimulate student interest in school.
  3. 3. What Is Differentiated Instruction?
  4. 4. Differentiated instruction is a teaching philosophy based on the premise that teachers should adapt instruction to student differences. Rather than marching students through the curriculum lockstep, teachers should modify their instruction to meet students‟ varying readiness levels, learning preferences, and interests. Therefore, the teacher proactively plans a variety of ways to „get at‟ and express learning. - Carol Ann Tomlinson
  5. 5. huh?
  6. 6. Whenever a teacher reaches out to an individual or small group to vary his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible, that teacher is differentiating instruction. - CAROL ANN TOMLINSON
  7. 7. Oh…
  8. 8. Why Is Differentiating Instruction Important?
  9. 9. To learn a particular concept, some children need days; some, ten minutes, but the typical lockstep school schedule ignores this fundamental fact. - Marilyn Hughes
  10. 10. Eight Principles of a Differentiated Classroom
  11. 11. Principle #1 The teacher is clear about what matters in the content area.
  12. 12. Principle #2 The teacher understands, appreci ates and builds upon student differences.
  13. 13. Principle #3 Assessment and instruction are inseparable.
  14. 14. You’re wrong! vs. Why did you say that?
  15. 15. Principle #4 All students participate in respectful work.
  16. 16. Principle #5 Students and teachers collaborate in learning.
  17. 17. Principle #6 The teacher adjusts content, process, and product in response to student readiness, interests, an d learning styles.
  18. 18. Principle #7 Goals of a differentiated classroom are maximum growth and continued success.
  19. 19. Principle #8 Flexibility is the hallmark of a differentiated classroom.
  20. 20. Environment
  21. 21. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #1 Create a supportive environment of respect (teacher- students, students-to- students).
  22. 22. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #2 Develop a sense of community.
  23. 23. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #3 Facilitate an environment where students feel safe to take risks.
  24. 24. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #4 Promote the development of a broad range of skills and interests, incorporatin g all senses.
  25. 25. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #5 Set-up physical classroom for student-centered instruction.
  26. 26. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #6 Provide purposeful materials and resources.
  27. 27. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #7 Have high expectations for ALL.
  28. 28. If you refuse to accept anything but the best in life, you very often get it. - Somerset Maugham
  29. 29. Readiness
  30. 30. When a teacher tries to teach something to the entire class at the same time, chances are, one-third of the kids already know it; one-third will get it; and the remaining third won’t. So two-thirds of the children are wasting their time. - Lilian Katz
  31. 31. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #8 Allow students to “show what they know” in a variety of ways.
  32. 32. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #9 Provide students with plenty of time to explore, understand and transfer learning to long-term memory.
  33. 33. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #10 Permit students time to revisit ideas and concepts in order to connect or extend them.
  34. 34. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #11 Ensure lessons are developmentally appropriate.
  35. 35. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #12 Tier activities to provide appropriate level of challenge.
  36. 36. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #13 Compact curriculum to provide enrichment and challenge.
  37. 37. Interest
  38. 38. If a student has a spark (or better still, a fire), a curiosity about a topic, learning is more likely for that student. - Carol Ann Tomlinson (2001)
  39. 39. If there is anything we wish to change in the child, we should first examine it and see whether it is not something that could better be changed in ourselves. - Carl Jung
  40. 40. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #14 Incorporate creativity.
  41. 41. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #15 Provide students real choices in what they learn, how they learn and how they demonstrate learning (flexible and varied).
  42. 42. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #16 Offer real-world challenges that are directly connected to the students‟ lives.
  43. 43. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #17 Offer novel, unique and engaging activities to capture and sustain students‟ attention.
  44. 44. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #18 Use multi- media/technology.
  45. 45. Learning Profile
  46. 46. The biggest mistake of past centuries in teaching has been to treat all children as if they were variants of the same individual and thus to feel justified in teaching them all the same subjects in the same way. - Howard Gardner
  47. 47. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #19 Focus on students‟ learning styles.
  48. 48. It’s not how smart you are. It’s how you are smart.
  49. 49. Sternberg’s Three Intelligences Creative Analytical Practical • We all have some of each of these intelligences, but are usually stronger in one or two areas than in others. • We should strive to use all three…but also recognize where students’ strengths lie and teach through those intelligences as often as possible, particularly when introducing new ideas.
  50. 50. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #20 Emphasize brain- compatible instruction.
  51. 51. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #21 Recognize and honor cultural diversity.
  52. 52. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #22 Emphasize student strengths and develop ways to compensate for weaknesses so they do not inhibit what student can do.
  53. 53. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #23 Permit positive movement.
  54. 54. Content
  55. 55. Instruction begins where the students are, not at the front of the curriculum guide. - CAROL ANN TOMLINSON
  56. 56. to Differentiate Content Reading Partners / Reading Buddies * Choral Reading/Antiphonal Reading Flip Books Split Journals (Double Entry – Triple Entry) Books on Tape Highlights on Tape Digests/ “Cliff Notes” Notetaking Organizers Varied Texts Varied Supplementary Materials Highlighted Texts Think-Pair-Share/Preview-Midview-Postview
  57. 57. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #24 Present the curriculum through interdisciplinary “big ideas” versus disconnected small facts.
  58. 58. Remember jigsaw puzzles: they’re much easier when you can see the whole picture first. - GORDON DRYDEN, The Learning Revolution
  59. 59. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #25 Plan before, during and after instruction.
  60. 60. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #26 Negotiate contracts to provide appropriate learning activities for students.
  61. 61. Motivation and productivity skyrocket when students reach their goals. - BETTIE B. YOUNGS, The 6 Vital Ingredients of Self-Esteem: How to Develop Them in Students
  62. 62. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #27 Challenge students (i + 1).
  63. 63. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #28 Create centers.
  64. 64. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #29 Co-develop standards with students.
  65. 65. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #30 Clearly state expectations (be specific about requirements).
  66. 66. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #31 Empower learners! Encourage students to help set and enforce norms.
  67. 67. Process
  68. 68. Learning is most effective when it’s fun. - PETER KLINE, The Everyday Genius
  69. 69. I never worked a day in my life. It was all fun. - Thomas Edison
  70. 70. To learn it, do it! - ROBERT C. SCHANK, Engines for Learning
  71. 71. TO DIFFERENTIATE PROCESS Fun & Games RAFTs Cubing, Think Dots Choices (Intelligences) Centers Tiered lessons Contracts
  72. 72. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #32 Utilize active, hands-on learning.
  73. 73. 80 percent of learning difficulties are related to stress. Remove the stress, and you remove the difficulties. - GORDON STOKES, The Learning Revolution
  74. 74. Children learn best when they are helped to discover the underlying principles for themselves. - PETER KLINE, The Everyday Genius
  75. 75. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #33 Allow students to work collaboratively and independently (flexible grouping).
  76. 76. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #34 Make use of higher level thinking and questioning strategies.
  77. 77. If the questions are simple so is the thinking.
  78. 78. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #35 Offer students plenty of time for reflection and goal setting.
  79. 79. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #36 Vary strategies.
  80. 80. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #37 Consider integrated curriculum, problem- based learning and service learning.
  81. 81. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #38 Balance teacher- chosen and teacher- directed activities with student-chosen and student-directed activities.
  82. 82. The art of teaching is developing into the art of teaching children to teach themselves. - HELENA H. WALLENBERG and MICHAEL S. BOGOLEA The Welfare Rennaissance: The New Swedish Model
  83. 83. Children’s work IS their play. Children learn from everything they do. - CAROLYN HOOPER, New Zealand Playcenter Movement
  84. 84. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #39 Help students understand group‟s shared needs for success, to belong, to trust, the future, etc.
  85. 85. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #40 Monitor student progress constantly.
  86. 86. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #41 Aim high; scaffold weaknesses.
  87. 87. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #42 Teach for meaning; not rote.
  88. 88. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #43 Be flexible (with time, space, materi als and groupings).
  89. 89. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #44 Teach strategies explicitly so student has “easy way out” of tough spots.
  90. 90. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #45 Collaborate with parents, resource specialists, etc. It takes a village!
  91. 91. Product
  92. 92. If there were only one truth, you couldn’t paint a hundred canvases on the same theme. - Pablo Picasso
  93. 93. All children are born geniuses, and we spend the first six years of their lives degeniusing them. - BUCKMINSTER FULLER
  94. 94. to Differentiate Product Choices based on readiness, interest, and learning profile Clear expectations Timelines Agreements Product Guides Rubrics Evaluation
  95. 95. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #46 Provide opportunities for projects, creativity, pr oblems and challenges.
  96. 96. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #47 Focus on student growth.
  97. 97. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #48 Initiate student- maintained portfolios and assessments with varied and original products.
  98. 98. THINKING ABOUT ON-GOING ASSESSMENT STUDENT DATA SOURCES 1. Journal entry 2. Short answer test 3. Open response test 4. Home learning 5. Notebook 6. Oral response 7. Portfolio entry 8. Exhibition 9. Culminating product 10. Question writing 11. Problem solving TEACHER DATA MECHANISMS 1. Anecdotal records 2. Observation by checklist 3. Skills checklist 4. Class discussion 5. Small group interaction 6. Teacher – student conference 7. Assessment stations 8. Exit cards 9. Problem posing 10. Performance tasks and rubrics
  99. 99. Differentiated Report Cards A = Excellent Growth B = Very Good Growth C = Some Growth D = Little Growth F = No Observable Growth 1=The student is Above Grade Level 2=The student is Working At Grade Level 3=The student is Working Below Grade Level On report cards, I need to find a way to show individual growth and relative standing to students and parents
  100. 100. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #49 Support students in creating products for real events/audience through public displays and performances.
  101. 101. Dare to Differentiate: 50 Terrific Teacher Tricks Trick #50 Emphasize quality of thought and expression vs. accuracy.
  102. 102. Review In this presentation, we:  Determined what differentiated instruction means and why it is important;  Discussed ways to meet standards without sacrificing student readiness, interests and learning styles;  Examined 50 tricks teachers may keep in mind when differentiating instruction; and  Reviewed songs, games and activities designed to stimulate student interest in school.
  103. 103. The real art of discovery consists not in finding new lands, but in seeing with new eyes. - Marcel Proust

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