DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL ARTEFACTS      IN HIMACHAL PRADESH                 Chuni Lal | Hasrat Arjjumend       XVI North West...
Introduction• Splendour of art andculture in WesternHimalayas always luredhuman heart and mind• Rajput kings were greatcon...
Introduction• Art & Craft stimulatesand provides an outletfor the artisticenergies of Pahariartisans• Villages display lit...
Embroidery• Embroidery in HP dates back of16th Century• Expression of folk culture• Chamba Rumal (also called dhatubecame ...
Ornaments• Ornaments used fromchildhood to old age• Newborn baby - ghungru• Ornament gift to male child bynani-nani, mama,...
Painting• Paintings flourished between17th and 19th Centuries• Pahari painting• Kangra painting• Thangka painting• Religio...
Woolen Craft
Hemp Shoes
Wood Carving
Basketry
Thank You
info@grassrootsinstitute.indirector@grassrootsinstitute.in  www.grassrootsinstitute.in   www.grassroots.org.in
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DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL ARTEFACTS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

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Splendour of art and culture in Western Himalayas always lured human heart and mind to study and work to know the ultimate truth of art and culture and its value in human life. Politically, Himachal Pradesh was formed in 1966 when about 20 princely hill kingdoms were merged together. The Rajput kings were great connoisseurs of art and craft and extended patronage to talented artisans in times of peace, when they needed to commemorate, and perpetuate their victories. Himachal art and craft give us an insight into the social beliefs and religious practices, which stimulate and provide an outlet for the artistic energies of Pahari artisans. The villages display little changes in their fabric or community needs through largely impoverished craftsmen and artisans having retained their creativity through the ages. Grassroots Institute, in association of local NGOs, conducted an empirical study in 2008-09 to document various forms of cultural artefacts in Chamba, Kangraa, Mandi, Kullu, Shimla, Kinnaur and Lahaul & Spiti districts by using research tools of questionnaire, semi-structured interview, observation and photography. Cultural artefacts that were recorded include: embroidery (including Chamba rumaal), ornaments, Pahari painting, Kangra painting, Thangka painting, handloom crafts, hemp shoes, wood carving, basketry, metal craft and sacra-metal artefacts, dolls & soft toys and Budhist sculpture. This paper will present historical, socio-cultural, morphological and developmental aspects of different cultural artefacts and associated artisans. This paper also provides the suggestions to develop new styles and designs in artefacts for getting space in market. Government needs to support the artisans and craftworkers in variety of ways.

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DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL ARTEFACTS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

  1. 1. DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL ARTEFACTS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH Chuni Lal | Hasrat Arjjumend XVI North West Indian Sociological Association ConferenceCulture, Politics and Ethnocity: Emerging Issues in North West India November 23-24, 2012, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India
  2. 2. Introduction• Splendour of art andculture in WesternHimalayas always luredhuman heart and mind• Rajput kings were greatconnoisseurs of art & craft• Kings extended patronageto talented artisans• Himachal art and craft giveus an insight into the socialbeliefs and religiouspractices
  3. 3. Introduction• Art & Craft stimulatesand provides an outletfor the artisticenergies of Pahariartisans• Villages display littlechanges in their fabricor community needs• Poor craftsmen andartisans retained theircreativity through theages
  4. 4. Embroidery• Embroidery in HP dates back of16th Century• Expression of folk culture• Chamba Rumal (also called dhatubecame synonym of embroidery• Practiced in Kangra, Basobli,Nurpur, Jammu, Haripur, Gular,Bilaspur, Satyali, Mandi, Kullu,Hoshiarpur, etc.• Depiction of religion, culture,nature, romance, folk, reign, etc.
  5. 5. Ornaments• Ornaments used fromchildhood to old age• Newborn baby - ghungru• Ornament gift to male child bynani-nani, mama, mami, bua• Earrings after karna-vedha• Jwellery is given to bride at thetime marriage• Variations in designs ofornaments in different districts
  6. 6. Painting• Paintings flourished between17th and 19th Centuries• Pahari painting• Kangra painting• Thangka painting• Religious expressions inKangra and Thangka paintings• Paintings depict the organicrelations in society of differentdistricts
  7. 7. Woolen Craft
  8. 8. Hemp Shoes
  9. 9. Wood Carving
  10. 10. Basketry
  11. 11. Thank You
  12. 12. info@grassrootsinstitute.indirector@grassrootsinstitute.in www.grassrootsinstitute.in www.grassroots.org.in

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