Challenges in managing
NGOS in India
T HARI KUMAR
1. WHAT IS AN NGO ?
2. TOP 10 NGOs IN INDIA.
3. SOME BENEFITS GIVEN TO INDIAN NGOs
4. PROBLEMS FACED BY INDIAN NGOs.
5. SOME REMEDIES.
6. NGOs OF CHINA.
7. NGOs OF AMERICA.
WHAT IS AN NGO ?
• A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a legally
constituted organization that operates independently from any
form of government.
• The term originated from the United Nations (UN), and is
normally used to refer to organizations that are not a part of
the government and are not conventional for-profit business.
• In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by
governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status
by excluding government representatives from membership in
• The term is usually applied only to organizations that pursue
wider social aims that have political aspects, but are not openly
political organizations such as political parties.
TOP 10 NGOs IN INDIA
1| Help age
New Delhi 1978 Elderly age
New Delhi 2002 Child education
3| Goonj limited New Delhi 1999 Clothing
4| CRY Mumbai 1979 Child rights
5| Give India Mumbai 1999 Non profit
6| Nanhi Kali Mumbai 1996 Girl education
Lucknow, UP 1986 People
Patna, Bihar 2007 People
9| Pratham Mumbai 1994 Child Education
Secunderabad 1989 Health
PROBLEMS FACED BY
1. Lack of Funds
2. Lack of Dedicated Leadership
3. Inadequate Trained Personnel
4. Misuse of Funds
5. Monopolization of leadership
6. Lack of Public Participation
7. Centralization in Urban Areas
8. Lack of Coordination
1. The government of India has to liberalize the rules and
regulations to sanction more grants to NGOs.
2. Young graduates from universities, colleges has to
public seminars, meetings, symposiums etc.,
3. NGOs to conduct a campus interviews for the young
graduates who are interested.
4. The government of India has to introduce the success
stories of great leaders and their style of leadership
voluntarism, and commitment towards social work.
5. Monopolization of leadership should be avoided.
6. NGOs being a welfare organization have to maintain high
standard of quality in service.
NGOs IN CHINA
Defining NGOs in China
The official Chinese term for NGOs is ‘popular
organization’. This comprises two
subcategories, ‘social organization’ and
‘private non enterprise unit’ (PNEU). Both
types of organization are nonprofitmaking,
but social organizations are membership
based whereas PNEUs are not.
PROBLEMS FACED BY
1. Restrictive Government Policies
2. Monopoly of Resources by NGOs with Government
3. A Lack of Trust Throughout Society
4. The Lack of Capabilities Among Grassroots
5. Unrealistic Expectations from Funders
6. NGO dependence on the government
7. Political culture
NGOs IN AMERICA
In America the term NGO refers to a legal
distinction, it is an institution outside of the
government. The legal framework was not
prepared for these new organizations, and
the great majority despite their significant
differences, are either "citizens associations-
or "foundations," in both cases non profit.
The growth of NGOs was explosive in
America, especially since the 70s.
PROBLEMS FACED BY
1. The strengthening of public policies
2. Deconstruction of globalization
3. Weakening of politics
4. dependence of NGO on the
NGOs are the ones who really intend to
care the uncared sections and the people at
the bottom of the social stratum. Ours is an
developing country which requires these
type of committed, devoted and dedicated
organizations for the development of the
country. So, the government, the leaders, the
donors, the politicians and the people should
support these organizations and help them to
solve their problems at the grass-root level.
Than only their services are undoubtedly
commendable in the uplift of the rural poor.