Indian architecture march 2011 8 10 yrs

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History of Indian Architecure for HARI School students.
Presented - March, 13, 2011

Published in: Education, Spiritual

Indian architecture march 2011 8 10 yrs

  1. 1. Indian ArchitectureA History <br />HARI VidyaBhavan<br />
  2. 2. “Shilpa-ShaStra”<br />Architecture is…<br />“The art and science of designing buildings and other physical structures”<br />
  3. 3. Think of Architecture as…<br />Engineering<br />Art<br />Politics & <br />Culture<br />
  4. 4. Timeline <br />Before Common Era (BCE)<br />Common Era (CE)<br />4000 <br />2000 <br />3000 <br />2000 <br />1000 <br />1000 <br />0 <br />Indus Valley<br />Buddhist <br />& Rock Cut<br />Dravidian<br />Indo-Islamic Mughal<br />Colonial<br />Modern<br />
  5. 5. Indus Valley Civilization<br />1,500 BCE – 200 CE<br />
  6. 6. Buddhist Architecture <br />7,000 BCE – 1,500 BCE<br />Sanchi – Dome of Heavan, 3 BCE<br />
  7. 7. Rock-Cut Architecture<br />Kaiashnath Temple<br />Click on icon to see video<br />7,000 BCE – 1,500 BCE<br />Kailashnath Temple, Ellora – 6 CE<br />
  8. 8. Rock-Cut: Ellora caves<br />Ellora caves<br />Click on icon to see 360 deg view<br />Kailashnath Temple, Ellora – 6 CE<br />Carpenter’s Cave, Ellora – 6 CE<br />
  9. 9. DRAVIDIAN<br />200 CE-1526CE<br />Brihadisvara temple at Thanjavur<br />1000 CE<br />Brihadisvara Temple<br />Click on icon to see video<br />
  10. 10. Dravidian Temples<br />Meenakshi Temple<br />Click on icon to see video<br />Vimanam over the Inner Sanctum<br />Gopuram, Entrance Spire<br />Pillared Halls<br />Mantapam<br />Water tank<br />Outer Wall<br />Virupakha Temple, Hampi<br />
  11. 11. Indo-Islamic & Mughal<br />1,100-1,800CE<br />India, Pakistan, Bangladesh<br />FatehpurSikri, Agra, Delhi<br />Lahore, Dhaka<br />
  12. 12. Indo-Islamic: QutubMinar<br />First major Islamic structure in India<br />Ascent of the Crescent!<br />QutubMinar: 1193 CE <br />
  13. 13. INDO-ISLAMIC:Arches & DOmes<br />GolGumbaz- Bijapur, 1659 CE<br />
  14. 14. Mughal: Two Architects<br />Akbar <br />Shah Jahan<br />
  15. 15. MughaL: Materials <br />
  16. 16. Mughal: Decorations<br />Decorations<br />Calligraphy<br />“Pietra Durra” – Inlay Work<br />
  17. 17. Mughal - GARDENS<br />
  18. 18. TajMahal: Ode to Love<br />TajMahal<br />Click on icon to see video<br />TajMahal<br />“Teardrop on the cheek of eternity” -Tagore <br />Garden<br />
  19. 19. TajMahal: garden of Paradise<br />
  20. 20. Red Fort: main Entrance<br />
  21. 21. Red Fort: Diwan-i-Khas<br />
  22. 22. Colonial (ind0-Saracenic)<br />
  23. 23. Places to see great architecture in India<br />North & Middle <br /><ul><li>Agra & FatehpurSikri (Mughal)
  24. 24. Chandigarh (Modern)
  25. 25. Khajuraho (Middle Age)
  26. 26. New Delhi (Mughal, Colonial, Modern)
  27. 27. Simla (Colonial)
  28. 28. Srinagar (Mughal)</li></ul>East & Northeast<br /><ul><li>Nalanda (Buddhist)
  29. 29. Sanchi (Buddhist)
  30. 30. Calcutta (Mughal, Colonial)</li></ul>South<br /><ul><li>Bangalore (Colonial)
  31. 31. Hampi (Vijayanagar)
  32. 32. Hyderabad (Indo-Islamic)
  33. 33. Kanchipuram (Dravidian)
  34. 34. Madurai (Dravidian)
  35. 35. Pondicherry (French)
  36. 36. Sun Temples, Konarak (Dravidian)
  37. 37. Tanjore (Dravidian)
  38. 38. Trivandrum (Dravidian)</li></ul>West <br /><ul><li>Ahmadabad (Modern)
  39. 39. Ajanta & Ellora (Rock – Cut)
  40. 40. Goa (Portugese)
  41. 41. Jaipur (Indo-Islamic, Hindu)
  42. 42. Mumbai (Art Deco, Colonial)
  43. 43. Udaipur & Jaiselmer (Indo-Islamic, Hindu)</li></li></ul><li>What have we learned?<br />

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