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Determine your purpose and subject


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Determine your purpose and subject

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 Determine Your Purpose and Subject. NAME : DEVI HARISANDI Class : 4D NPM :
  2. 2. Determine Your Purpose and Subject : To develop an effective speech you must have a clear purpose in mind. The importance of purpose in oral communication. Your aim as speaker should be to fulfill a purpose by achieving a desired response.
  3. 3. Selecting a subject : once you clearly understand the general purpose of your speech, you are ready to choose a subject. There will undoubtedly be times when be you will be asked to deliver a speech on a topic that has already been determine. For example : you are asked to give a report on a convention you attended as a delegate.
  4. 4. 1.Is the subject Suited to My Purpose? Suppose you are asked to deliver a speech whose general purpose is to inform. 2. Is My Subject interesting to me ? Whenever possible choose a subject you find interesting. Enthusiasm is a key factor to successful speaking. 3. Am I Qualified to speak on this subject ? The fact that you are interested in a subject does not necessarily mean that you are qualified to speak on it. 4. Will My Audience find this subject interesting ? It takes little effort to pay attention to a subject that interesting. 5. Will My Audience Find This Subject Useful ? The people will willingly pay attention to a communication if the expect to gain something useful from doing so. Consider your own experience. 6. Is My Subject Sufficiently Restricted ? In most cases you will be given a definite time limit when you are asked to give a speech.
  5. 5. Specific Purpose : after you have chosen your subject in accordance with the considerations above, you are ready to formulate a specific purpose. Earlier I classified the general purposes for speaking : • 1. General Purpose : to entertain • 2. General purpose : to inform • 3. General purpose : to persuade
  6. 6. General and Specific Purpose : Specific purpose: • A. To amuse my audience by explaining how to wash a bull elephant • B. To hold my audience in suspense while telling of the time I was robbed • C. to amaze my audience with a demonstration of magic • D. To fascinate my audience with a story about my first parachute jump General purpose: to inform • A. To explain the art of tree dwarfing • B. to demonstrate how to make an omelet • C. to show how to take an effective snapshot • D. to report the result of a recent experiment
  7. 7. General and specific purposes : Specific purposes : • A. To motivate my audience to contribute to CARE • B. To prove to my audience that my new plan for ending the arms race will work. • C. to increase my audience’s reverence for our flag • D. to modify my audience’s attitude about socialized medicine.
  8. 8. The Central Idea : • Once you have phrased your specific – purpose statement, it is wise to state the central idea of your speech in a complete sentence. • The central idea may be thought of as the thesis, the key statement. • The central idea as a complete sentence will help you plan your communication more effectively.
  9. 9. Thanks for attention . . .