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IP Utilites


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IP Utilites

  1. 1. GROUP 9 <ul><li>DEAD LOCK </li></ul><ul><li>-bhaskar kumar b Naidu ( 1ms07is014) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-dheeraj pai ( 1ms07is026) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-lalit kumar sharma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>( 1ms07is040) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>faculty:siddesh sir
  2. 2. Topic of the day Ip utilities
  3. 3. TCP/IP MODEL
  4. 5. APPLICATION LAYER <ul><li>Define TCP/IP application protocols. </li></ul><ul><li>Define how host program interface with transport layer to use the network. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – HTTP, Telnet, FTP, TFTP, SNMP, DNS, SMTP etc. </li></ul>
  5. 6. TRANSPORT LAYER <ul><li>Provide communication session management between host computers. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be categorized as either connection-oriented (TCP) or connectionless (UDP). </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – TCP, UDP, SCTP </li></ul>
  6. 7. INTERNET LAYER <ul><li>Host addressing and identification : This is accomplished with a hierarchical addressing system. </li></ul><ul><li>Packet routing : This is the basic task of getting packets of data from source to destination by sending them to the next network node closer to the final destination. </li></ul><ul><li>Packages data into IP datagram. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – IP, ICMP, ARP, RARP </li></ul>
  7. 8. NETWORK INTERFACE LAYER <ul><li>Specify the details of how data is physically sent through the network. </li></ul><ul><li>Specify how bits are electrically signaled by hardware device that interface directly with a network medium. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples- Ethernet, FDDI, X.25, V.35, frame relay etc. </li></ul>
  8. 9. USER DATAGRAM PROTOCOL <ul><li>Process to process protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Connection-less protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Unreliable transport protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Use to send small message </li></ul>
  9. 10. TCP <ul><li>Provides full transport-layer services to applications. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for point-to-point communications between computers on same network. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reliable stream transport protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>Connection-oriented. </li></ul>
  10. 11. SCTP <ul><li>Provides support for newer applications. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a transport layer protocol that combines the best features of UDP and TCP. </li></ul><ul><li>It also provides multi homing support . </li></ul>
  11. 12. IP <ul><li>It is used for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork using internet protocol suite. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary protocol in the internet layer. </li></ul><ul><li>Unreliable and connectionless protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>It transport data in packets called datagram. </li></ul>
  12. 13. BASIC FUNCTION OF IP <ul><li>Data transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Packet addressing </li></ul><ul><li>Packet routing </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Simple detection of packet errors </li></ul>
  13. 14. Brief about ip utilities <ul><li>DEFINITION </li></ul><ul><li>TCP/IP provides several handy tool or utilities for troubleshooting, investigating and analyzing the network. </li></ul>
  14. 15. IP Utilities <ul><li>CONNECTIVITY UTILITIES </li></ul><ul><li>DIAGNOSTIC UTILTIES </li></ul><ul><li>SERVER SOFTWARE UTILITIES </li></ul>
  15. 16. Connectivity utility <ul><li>Ftp </li></ul><ul><li>Rcp </li></ul><ul><li>Telnet </li></ul><ul><li>Tftp </li></ul>
  16. 17. Other utilities <ul><li>Arp </li></ul><ul><li>Ipconfig </li></ul><ul><li>Nbtstat </li></ul><ul><li>Netstat </li></ul><ul><li>Ping </li></ul><ul><li>Route </li></ul><ul><li>Tracert </li></ul>
  17. 18. Server utilities <ul><li>TCP/IP Printing service </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Information Services </li></ul>
  18. 19. 1. ARP <ul><li>ARP – address resolution protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Arp is used to convert ip address of a given system into their respective MAC address </li></ul>7/10/2009 cc project
  19. 20. 7/10/2009 cc project .45 .46 .47 .48 To communicate with system Arp( )= C0:B3:44:17:21:17 ->MAC matched Not mine Not mine
  20. 21. 7/10/2009 cc project If ip address is unique why do we need MAC ????????? Bhaskar (3 weeks back)
  21. 22. 7/10/2009 cc project Subnet masking router Subnet 1 128.213.1.x Subnet 2 128.213.2.x Subnet 3 128.213.3.x
  22. 23. 7/10/2009 cc project Physical layer Data link Data link Data link Data link Data link Network layer Network layer Network layer Network layer TCP/IP MODEL System .46 System .47 System .49 System .50 <-First floor-> <-ground floor->
  23. 24. Trace route <ul><li>Used to find the exact path used. </li></ul><ul><li>The hop or count number is given </li></ul><ul><li>If the packet reach higher count it dies </li></ul>7/10/2009 cc project
  24. 25. THANK YOU 7/10/2009 cc project