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Inhaler therapy
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Inhaler devices

  1. 1. Inhaler Devices Harindu Udapitiya, Temporary Lecturer, Division of Pharmacology.
  2. 2. Overview • What is inhaler? • Advantages Vs disadvantages • Types of inhalers – Properties – How to use – Advantages and disadvantages
  3. 3. 1.What is inhaler? • An inhaler is a medical device used for delivering medication into the body via the lungs.
  4. 4. • Inhalant drugs 1. Broncodilators 2. Corticosteroids-Beclomethasone 3. Mucolytic agents-Acetylcysteine 4. Antimicrobials-Ribavirin, Tobramycin 5. Immune modulators- Cyclosporine, Interferon α
  5. 5. 6. Anesthetics-opiods
  6. 6. 2.Advantages Vs Disadvantages • Advantages: 1.Less systemic toxicity 2.More rapid onset of medication 3.Delivery to target of action 4.Higher concentrations available in the lung
  7. 7. • Disadvantages: 1.Time and effort consuming 2.Limitation of delivery device
  8. 8. 3.Devices 1.Metered-dose inhalers
  9. 9. Properties A liquid propellant Inhalation technique is critical for optimal drug delivery
  10. 10. How to use Without chamber
  11. 11. 1.Remove the cap from the MDI and shake well. 2.Breathe out all the way. 3.Place the mouthpiece of the inhaler between your teeth and seal your lips tightly around it. 4.As you start to breathe in slowly, press down on the canister one time.
  12. 12. 5. Keep breathing in as slowly and deeply as you can. (It should take about 5 to 7 seconds for you to completely breathe in.) 6. Hold your breath for 10 seconds (count to 10 slowly) to allow the medication to reach the airways of the lung. 7. Repeat the above steps for each puff ordered by your doctor. Wait about 1 minute between puffs.
  13. 13. 8. Replace the cap on the MDI when finished. 9. If you are using a corticosteroid MDI, you should use a valved holding chamber as described above.
  14. 14. With chamber
  15. 15. 1.Remove the cap from the MDI and chamber. Shake well. 2.Insert the MDI into the open end of the chamber (opposite the mouthpiece). 3.Breathe out completely. 4.Place the mouthpiece of the chamber between your teeth and seal your lips tightly around it.
  16. 16. 5. Press the canister once. 6. Breathe in slowly and completely through your mouth. If you hear a "horn-like" sound, you are breathing too quickly and need to slow down. 7. Hold your breath for 10 seconds (count to 10 slowly) to allow the medication to reach the airways of the lung.
  17. 17. 8. Repeat the above steps for each puff ordered by your doctor. Wait about 1 minute in between puffs. 9. Replace the cap on your MDI when finished. 10. If you are using a corticosteroid MDI, rinse your mouth and gargle using water or mouthwash after each use. You should always use a chamber with a steroid MDI.
  18. 18. Advantages Vs Disadvantages Advantages •Rapid application •Handling •Multidose Disdvantages •Hand-breathe coordinations •İneffective use in poor ventilated patients •Oropharyngeal deposition and local side effects
  19. 19. 2. Dry powder inhalers Single dose
  20. 20. Handihaler
  21. 21. Multi dose Discus inhaler Turbuhaler
  22. 22. Properties just dry-powder and no propulsion system. manual mechanism to insert one dose of dry-powder drug into the mouthpiece.
  23. 23. How to use 1. To load a dose, hold the DPI with mouthpiece up to ensure proper loading of the medication. 2.Twist the grip fully in one direction as far as it will go and then fully back again. You will hear a click. The DPI is now loaded with a dose. 3.Turn your head away from the inhaler and breathe out as much air as you comfortably can.
  24. 24. 4. Place the device in your mouth and breathe in as forcefully and deeply as you can. 5. Hold your breath for 10 seconds. 6. Take the DPI away from your mouth and exhale slowly. 7. If more than one dose is prescribed, repeat steps 1 through 5 for each dose. 8. When your treatment is complete, replace the white cover and twist it completely to close
  25. 25. Advantages Vs Disadvantages Advantages •Less patient coordination required •Spacer not necessary •Compact Portable •No propellant •Usually higher lung deposition than a pMDI Disadvantages •Work poorly if inhalation is not forceful enough •Many patients cannot use them correctly (e.g.capsule handling problems for elderly •Most types are moisture sensitive. •Need to reload capsule each time
  26. 26. 3. Nebulizer
  27. 27. Properties •The fundamental concept of nebulizer performance is the conversion of the medication solution into droplets in the respirable range of 1-5 micrometers
  28. 28. How to use
  29. 29. 1. Place the compressor where it can safely reach its power source and where you can reach the ON/OFF switch. 2. Wash your hands prior to preparing each treatment. 3. Use a clean nebulizer. 4. Measure the correct dose of medication and other solutions prescribed by your physician. Add these to the nebulizer. 5. Connect the air tubing from the compressor to the nebulizer base. A finger valve may also be attached between the nebulizer base and tubing. Make sure all connections are snug. 6. Attach a mouthpiece to the nebulizer.
  30. 30. Advantages Vs Disadvantages Advantages •Provide therapy for patients who cannot use other inhalation modalities (eg, MDI, DPI) •Allow administration of large doses of medicine •Patient coordination not required •Effective with tidal breathing •Dose modification possible •Can be used with supplemental oxygen Disadvantages •Decreased portability •Longer set-up and administration time •Higher cost •Electrical power source required •Contamination possible
  31. 31. Did you learn???
  32. 32. Few OSCE types questions….
  33. 33. Question 01 1.1. What is this device? 1.2. List 2 drugs use with the device? 1.3. List 1 advantage of this device.
  34. 34. Question 02 2.1. List 2 diseases that the given device use. 2.2. List one advice that you give a patient who using the device. 2.3. If a patient having difficulty in using the device give an option.
  35. 35. Question 03 A B 3.1. What is this instrument? 3.2. identify A and B. 3.3. Mention 2 conditions which uses given instrument.
  36. 36. Summery 1. Introduction on inhalers What? Advantages Vs Disadvantages. Drugs.
  37. 37. • 2. Devices A.MDI B.DPI C.Nebulizer Properties How to use Advantages Vs Disadvantages