Name of Presentation
Company Name
RESEARCH
IN
21ST CENTURY
Presentedby:
HAREEMAKHTAR
MBA(M)
Presentedto:
MIRZAAMINULHAQ
TERM RESEARCH
The term ‘Research’ consists of two words
Re + Search
‘Re’ means again and again
‘Search’ means to find out ...
DEFINITIONS
Francis G. Cornell: “To be sure the best research is that which is
reliable verifiable and exhaustive, so that...
Title
•Research has moved during this century from the periphery to the centre of our
social and economic life.
•Research ...
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH
•A key motive for research is to develop better understandings and to
investigate approaches to me...
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
RESEARCH
1. It gathers new knowledge or data from primary or first-hand
sources or using existi...
SOURCES OF RESEARCH
IN 21ST CENTURY
The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by
technology. The modern workplace r...
SCOPE / SIGNIFICANCE OF
RESEARCH
It throws light on risks and uncertainty and identify alternative courses of action
It he...
TYPES OF RESEARCH
 Descriptive vs Analytical Research
Descriptive Research is a fact finding investigation
which is aimed...
Contd..
 Applied vs Fundamental Research
Applied Research or Action Research is carried out to
find solution to a real li...
Contd..
 Conceptual vs Empirical Research
Conceptual Research is generally used by philosophers
and thinkers to develop n...
SOME OTHER TYPES OF RESEARCH
 One-time Research – Research confined to a single time
period.
 Longitudinal Research – Re...
Contd..
 Experimental Research – It is designed to assess the
effect of one particular variable on a phenomenon by
keepin...
21st century
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

21st century

350 views

Published on

How 20th century replaces Research with 21st Century.

Published in: Environment
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
350
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

21st century

  1. 1. Name of Presentation Company Name
  2. 2. RESEARCH IN 21ST CENTURY Presentedby: HAREEMAKHTAR MBA(M) Presentedto: MIRZAAMINULHAQ
  3. 3. TERM RESEARCH The term ‘Research’ consists of two words Re + Search ‘Re’ means again and again ‘Search’ means to find out something. It is a careful , critical inquiry and examination for seeking facts. It is not merely a search for truth, but a prolonged, Intensive and purposeful search.
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS Francis G. Cornell: “To be sure the best research is that which is reliable verifiable and exhaustive, so that it provides information in which we have confidence. The main point here is that research is, literally speaking, a kind of human behavior, an activity in which people engage. By this definition all intelligent human behavior involves some research.” Rusk: “Research is a point of view, an attitude of inquiry or a frame of mind. It asks questions which have hitherto not been asked, and it seeks to answer them by following a fairly definite procedure.” V. Redman and A.V.H. Mory: “Research is a systematized effort to gain new knowledge.”
  5. 5. Title •Research has moved during this century from the periphery to the centre of our social and economic life. •Research simply seeks the answer of certain questions which have not been answered so far and the answers depend upon human efforts. For e.g. Moon •Research is oriented towards the discovery of relationship that exists among phenomena of the world in which we live. •The fundamental assumption is that invariant relationship exists between certain antecedents and certain consequents so that under a specific set of conditions a certain consequents can be expected to follow the introduction of a given antecedent.
  6. 6. PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH •A key motive for research is to develop better understandings and to investigate approaches to measuring the value of educational technologies. •To undertake an international meta-analysis of the findings. •The purpose of research is to discover answers through the application of scientific procedures.
  7. 7. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH 1. It gathers new knowledge or data from primary or first-hand sources or using existing data for a new purpose. 1. It places emphasis upon the discovery of general principles. 2. Research requires expertise i.e., skill necessary to carryout investigation, search the related literature and to understand and analyze the data gathered. 1. It is an exact systematic and accurate investigation. 2. It uses certain valid data gathering devices. 3. It is logical and objective. 4. The researcher resists the temptation to seek only the data that support his hypotheses. 5. The researcher eliminates personal feelings and preferences. 6. Research is carefully recorded and reported.
  8. 8. SOURCES OF RESEARCH IN 21ST CENTURY The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology. The modern workplace requires managers/ students /teachers and researchers to have broad cognitive and affective skills. Often referred to as 21st century skills, these skills include being able to solve complex problems, to think critically about tasks, to effectively communicate with people from a variety of different cultures and using a variety of different techniques, to work in collaboration with others, to adapt to rapidly changing environments and conditions Through the modern technological devices young people are able to compete effectively in the 21st Century global economy.
  9. 9. SCOPE / SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH It throws light on risks and uncertainty and identify alternative courses of action It helps in economic use of resources and also helps in project identification For students, research means a careerism or a way to attain a high position in the social structure. For professionals in research, it may mean a source of livelihood. For philosophers and thinkers, research means the outlet for new ideas and insights. For literary men and women, research means development of new styles and creative work. For analysts and intellectuals, research means generalizations of new theories.
  10. 10. TYPES OF RESEARCH  Descriptive vs Analytical Research Descriptive Research is a fact finding investigation which is aimed at describing the characteristics of individual, situation or a group (or) describing the state of affairs as it exists at present. Analytical Research is primarily concerned with testing hypothesis and specifying and interpreting relationships, by analyzing the facts or information already available.
  11. 11. Contd..  Applied vs Fundamental Research Applied Research or Action Research is carried out to find solution to a real life problem requiring an action or policy decision. Fundamental Research which is also known as basic or pure research is undertaken for the sake of knowledge without any intention to apply it in practice. It is undertaken out of intellectual curiosity and is not necessarily problem-oriented.
  12. 12. Contd..  Conceptual vs Empirical Research Conceptual Research is generally used by philosophers and thinkers to develop new concepts or to reinterpret existing ones. Empirical Research is a data based research which depends on experience or observation alone. It is aimed at coming up with conclusions without due regard for system and theory.
  13. 13. SOME OTHER TYPES OF RESEARCH  One-time Research – Research confined to a single time period.  Longitudinal Research – Research carried on over several time periods.  Diagnostic Research – It is also called clinical research which aims at identifying the causes of a problem, frequency with which it occurs and the possible solutions for it.  Exploratory Research – It is the preliminary study of an unfamiliar problem, about which the researcher has little or no knowledge. It is aimed to gain familiarity with the problem, to generate new ideas or to make a precise formulation of the problem. Hence it is also known as formulative research.
  14. 14. Contd..  Experimental Research – It is designed to assess the effect of one particular variable on a phenomenon by keeping the other variables constant or controlled.  Historical Research – It is the study of past records and other information sources, with a view to find the origin and development of a phenomenon and to discover the trends in the past, in order to understand the present and to anticipate the future.

×