Bandura and Adams<br />Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioural change. <br />
Aim<br />	To assess the self-efficacy of patients undergoing systematic desensitisation in relation to their behaviour wit...
Methodology<br />	A controlled quasi-experiment with patients with snake phobias. <br />
Participants<br />	Ten snake phobic patients who replied to an advertisement in a newspaper. There were nine females and o...
Procedure<br />	Pre-test assessment: each patient was assessed for avoidance behaviour towards a boa constrictor, then fea...
Continued...<br />	Systematic desensitisation: a standard programme was followed, where patientes were introduced to a ser...
Findings<br />	Higher levels of post-tests self-efficacy were found to correlate with higher levels of interaction with sn...
Conclusion<br />	Desensitisation enhanced self-efficacy levels, which in turn led to a belief that the participant was abl...
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Bandura and adams

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Bandura and adams

  1. 1. Bandura and Adams<br />Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioural change. <br />
  2. 2. Aim<br /> To assess the self-efficacy of patients undergoing systematic desensitisation in relation to their behaviour with previously phobic objects. <br />
  3. 3. Methodology<br /> A controlled quasi-experiment with patients with snake phobias. <br />
  4. 4. Participants<br /> Ten snake phobic patients who replied to an advertisement in a newspaper. There were nine females and one males, aged 19-57 years.<br />
  5. 5. Procedure<br /> Pre-test assessment: each patient was assessed for avoidance behaviour towards a boa constrictor, then fear arousal was assessed with an oral rating of 1-10 and finally efficacy expectations (how well they thought they will be able to perform different behaviours with the snake). Their fear of snakes was also measured on a scale, along with their own rating on how effectively they would be able to cope.<br />
  6. 6. Continued...<br /> Systematic desensitisation: a standard programme was followed, where patientes were introduced to a series of events involving snakes and each were taught relaxation. These ranged from imagining looking at a picture of a snake to handling a live snake. <br />Post-test assessment: each participant was again measured on behaviours and belief of self-efficacy in coping. <br />
  7. 7. Findings<br /> Higher levels of post-tests self-efficacy were found to correlate with higher levels of interaction with snakes.<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br /> Desensitisation enhanced self-efficacy levels, which in turn led to a belief that the participant was able to cope with the phobic stimulus of a snake. <br />

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