The National curriculum framework is one of the four National
Curriculum Frame Work published in 1975, 1988, 2000, 2005 and 2009 by the
National Council of Education Research and Training NCERT in India. The
document provide the framework for making syllabi, textbooks and teaching
practice with the school education programmes in India.
NCF 2005 has been translated into 22 languages and has influenced
the syllabi in 17 states. The NCERT gave a grant to each state to promote NCF in
the language of the state and to compare its current syllabus with the syllabus
proposed. So that a plan for reforms could made several state have taken up this
challenge. This exercise is being carried out with the involvement of State Councils
for Educational research and Training (SCERT) and District Institutes of Education
and Training (DIET).
NCF the framework provides the frame work for making syllabi,
textbooks and teaching practice within the school education programmes in India.
The NCF 2005 document draw in policy basis from earlier government reports on
education as learning without burden and national policy of education 1986- 1992
and focus group discussion. After wide ranging deliberations 21 National focus
group position papers have been developed under the aegis of NCF 2005. The State
of art position papers provided inputs for formulation of NCF- 2005. The document
and its offshoot textbooks have come under different form OL reviews in the press.
If the draft document come under the criticism from the Central
Advisory Board of Education(ADBE) in February 2008, the director Krishna
Kumar in an interview also discussed the challenges that are faced by the document.
The approach and recommendations of NCF 2005 are for the entire educational
systems. A number of in recommendations, for example, focus on rural schools. The
syllabus and textbooks based on it are being used by all the CBSE schools, but
based material is also being used in many State schools.
NCF 2005 has been translated into 22 language and has influenced the
syllabi in 17 states. The NCERT gave a grant of Rs.10 lakhs to each state to
promote NCF in the language of the State and to compare in current syllabus with
the syllabus proposed. So that a plan for future reforms could be made. Several
State has been taken up this challenge.
Main features of the NCF 2005
The document is divided into 5 areas
Perspective of NCF
Learning and Knowledge
Curriculum areas, School Stages and Assesment
School and classroom environment
National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education 2009
NCF 2009 is a government of India draft created for proposing changes
and updates required to the National Council for Teacher Education, an Indian
government body set up under the National Council for Teacher Education Act 1995
The framework is an endeavor of the National Council for Teacher
Education to encourage interested parties and stakeholders to give their views on the
Qualitative and Quantitative improvements that could be achieved in educating
teachers at school, graduate, post- graduate, doctoral and post- doctoral levels. A
previous “curriculum framework” had been developed in 1978 by the council itself
(which at that time was just a department rather than an independent body),
followed by the NCERT framework for teacher education in 1988, which
subsequently led to the “first Curriculum framework for quality teacher education”
by NCTE in 1998. This was succeeded in 2005 by a “ teacher education curriculum
framework” by NCERT and in 2006 another “ Joint curriculum framework” by
NCTE and NCERT.
Objectives of the Framework
The following are the proposed areas to be targeted according to the draft
Context, concerns and vision of teacher education.
Curricular ares of initial teacher education.
Sample redesigned schemes of current teacher education programmes.
Evaluating the Developing teacher.
In- service education and continuous promotional development.
“ National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education” developed
by the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) was released this year.
Two significant – the National Curriculum Framework 2005 and the
Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Have guided the
development of this framework.
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2015)
Citizenship education in India (Joshee, Reva(2008))