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Great dreams of great dreamers
are always transcended.
About the Legend
Full name : Dr Avul PakirJainu| abdeen Abdul Kalam
Visit on the P| anet:15”‘ Oct 1931,at Dhanushkodi in
Rameswaram District, Tamil Nadu
Fatherziainulabdeen Marakayar, a boat owner
Has three siblings
Abdul kalam personal life was full of struggles and hard work. Kalam's
father was a devout Muslim, who owned boats which he rented out to
local fishermen and was a good friend of Hindu religious leaders and the
school teachers at Rameshwaram. APJ Abdul Kalam mentions in his
biography that to support his studies, he started his career as a
newspaper vendor. On Wednesday April 29, 2009, Abdul kalam became
the first Asian to be bestowed the Hoover Medal, America's top
engineering prize, for his outstanding contribution to public service. Abdu|
Kalam is the Third President of India to have been honoured with a Bharat
Ratna before being elected to the highest office, the others being
Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain.
V’ V V? ’
Primary education was from Rameshwaram elementary school.
Later he settled in schwartz, Ramanathapuram
where he was highly inspired by his teacher IYADURAI SOLOMON, who
told to master three forces desire, be| ief and expectation.
In 1950 hejoined St Joseph college at Tiruchirapalli to do B. Sc
Hejoined DMIT in Aeronautical Engineering at MlT, Madas(1954-1957)
In 1958,after passing as a graduate, aeronautical engineer, he joined
Hindustan Aeronautical Limited(HAL), Bangalore as a trainee.
As an aerospace engineer
After graduating in Physics from St. Joseph's College in Tiruchirapalli,
Abdul Kalam graduated with a diploma in the mid-1950s from
Madras Institute of Technology specializing in Aeronautical Engineering
. As the Project Director, he was heavily involved in the development of
India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-Ill). As Chief Executive
of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), he also
played a major part in developing many missiles of India including Agni
and Prithvi. Although the entire project has been criticised for being
overrun and mismanaged. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Prime
Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development
from July 1992 to December 1999. Pokhran-ll nuclear tests were
conducted during this period, and have been associated with Kalam
although he was not directly involved with the nuclear programme at the
Fr Kalam's belief in the power of technology to
resolve society's problems and his views of these
problems as a resultuofuinefficient distribution of
resources IS modernistic.
He also sees science and technology as ideology-
free areas and emphasizes the cultivation of
scientific temper and entrepreneurial drive.
‘> In this, he finds a lot of su port amon India's new
business leaders like the ounders of nfos s and
Wipro, _who began their careers as techno ogy
professionals much in the same way Kalam
> His book "| ndia 2020" strongly advocates an
action plan to develop India into a knowledge
superpower and into a developed nation by
the year 2020.
>> Kalam is credited with the view that India
ought to take a more assertive stance in
>‘> he regards his work on India's nuclear _
weapons pro ram as a way to assert India's
place as a fu ure superpower.
He helped in the development of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV-
3,in1980 which helped India to become the member of Space Club by
injecting Rohini, in Earth's nearest orbit.
In 1982, as Director of DRDO, Kalam was entrusted with the Integrated
Guided Missile Development Programme(lGMDP), India's most successful
military research task to date. The programme constituted of 5 major
projects for meeting the requirements of the defence services and for
establishing re-entry technology.
He played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India's
Pokhran-ll Nuclear test in 1998.
He served as a principal scientiﬁc adviser to the Defense Minister and
later Govt of India (1999-2001) and was responsible for evolving policies,
strategies and missions for many development applications.
n. . .
The 5 projects were scheduled to be completed in a time
frame of only 10 years and consisted of:
(1) N_g - an anti-tank guided missile
(2) Prithvi - a surface-to-surface battlefield missile
(3) Akash - a swift, medium-range surface-to-air missile
(4) Trishul - a quick-reaction surface-to-air missile with a
(5) Agni - an intermediate range ballistic missile, the mightiest
> As Chairman, Technology Information, Forecasting and
Assessment Council (TIFAC), he generated the
Technology Vision 2020 documents.
> Dr. Kalam has served as the Principal Scientific Advisor to
the Government of India, in the rank of Cabinet Minister,
from November 1999 to November 2001.
> Dr. Kalam was also the Chairman, Ex—officio, of the
Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C).
° Achievements - Apart from being a notable scientist and
engineer, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of
India from the period 2002 to 2007. He is a man of vision,
who is always full of ideas aimed at the development of the
country and is also often also referred to as the Missile Man
of India. People loved and respected Dr APJ Abdul Kalam so
much during his tenure as President that was popularly called
the People's President.
° He is the first scientist and a bachelor to chair the position of
a president holding the largest Democracy.
I. .. .
° He received honorary doctorates from about 30 universities
globally. In the year 1981, the Government of India presented
him the nation's highest civilian honor, the Padma Bhushan
and then again, the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and the Bharat
Ratna in 1997. Before Kalam, there have been only two
presidents - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain - to
have received the Bharat Ratna before being appointed to the
highest office in India.
He is a man of vision, who is always full of ideas aimed at the
development of the country and is also often also referred to
as the Missile Man of India
° Dr APJ Abdul Kalam regards his work on India's
nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India's
place as a future superpower. Even during his tenure
as President, APJ Kalam took avid interest in the
spheres of India's science and technology. He has
even put forward a project plan for establishing bio-
implants. He is also an ardent advocate of open
source software over proprietary solutions to churn
out more profits in the field of technology.
>On 29 April 2009,he became the first Asian to
be bestowed upon America's top Engineering
award , Hoover’s medal.
5‘'He received Dr. Biren Roy Space Award
>Om Prakash Basin Award for Science and
>' National Nehru Award
>Arya Bhatt Award etc
Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam .
Scientist to President by Abdul A. P.J. Kalam;
Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A. P.J. Abdul Kalam;
India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by A. P.J. Abdul Kalam
India-my-dream by A. P.J. Abdul Kalam
Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal
Transformation by A. P.J. Abdul Kalam;
Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life
Children Ask Kalam by A. P.J Abdul Kalam;
indomitable Spirit by A. P.J Abdul Kalam
> He always remain linked with the academics, say before
becoming a president he worked with Annamalai University
‘> He is the Chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and
A Professor at Anna University, (Chennai)
> Visiting faculty at many academic and Research institutions
‘P He is the member of Indian Academy of Sciences
, Astronautical Society of India and many other professional
His Personality Traits
Inherited Honesty, self
discipline, and Faith in
Goodness from his parents
Passionate for the work
Loving and caring
dedicated for work