FAST FOOD RELATED DISEASES
Fast food obesity is prevalent in the U.S. and it is extremely strenuous
for the entire body, which was never intended to carry that much extra
weight. Your heart will also end up working harder than it should, which
eventually leads to obesity heart disease. There are also various other
obesity diseases, the result of which can be fatal. Food is fuel for your body
and has a direct impact on how you feel as well as on your overall health.
Fast food refers to food that can be served quickly. In many cases, that
means food that is highly processed and contains large amounts of
carbohydrates, added sugar, unhealthy fats, and salt (sodium). These foods
generally contain a high number of calories but offer little or no nutritional
A 2013 study published in JAMA Pediatrics showed that children and
adolescents take in more calories in fast food and other restaurants than at
home. Eating out added between 160 and 310 extra calories a day.
According to the National Institutes of Health, some fast food meals give you
a whole day’s worth of calories. That can really pack on the pounds. Being
overweight is a risk factor for a variety of chronic health problems.
The more fast food you eat, the more chances of obesity and this in turn,
can increase the risk of heart disease as one tends to have lower levels of
good cholesterol and higher levels of bad cholesterol.
Since the distribution of the fast food meal that you eat doesn’t get
distributed in the body evenly, the fat tends to accumulate in the liver and
can cause permanent damage, inflammation and even scarring.
Since obesity causes blockages in the arteries, this can separately result in
high “bad” cholesterol levels leading to high blood pressure levels as well.
Due to these blockages, the blood that travels to the brain is blocked (as the
arteries carry them) and this results in a stroke.
Diabetes (Type 2)
This is again an obesity-related disease which occurs when your pancreas is
unable to supply a sufficient amount of insulin to convert sugars to energy.
This unconverted sugar floats around in the blood and can raise the risk of
one getting Type 2 Diabetes.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
This is the main cause of female infertility, and obese women have a much
higher chance of developing this disorder. This obesity disease also results
in excessive hair growth and irregular menstrual cycles.
This is a major fast food obesity related disease, which results because of
abnormally high trygliceride and LDL cholesterol levels. Dyslipidemia
eventually leads to obesity heart disease.
This disorder means that you might actually stop breathing while sleeping,
which causes you to wake up suddenly several times during the night. You
may not even be aware of this disruption of sleep, but it prevents you from
receiving proper sleep and results in daytime fatigue.
This disorder occurs when an excessive amount of weight gets placed on
growing bones, making it more prevalent in children. This is especially the
case with the lower part of the body.
This is a condition that is a result of strain on the joints for extended
periods. Excessive body weight certainly causes such strain and makes
arthritis develop in younger people.
Obesity makes your lungs work harder, so that they get the necessary
oxygen where it is needed in a timely manner. Asthma is also more common
in those who are obese.
Digestive and Cardiovascular Systems
Many fast foods and drinks are loaded with carbohydrates and,
consequently, a lot of calories. Your digestive system breaks carbs down into
sugar (glucose), which it then releases into your bloodstream. Your pancreas
responds by releasing insulin, which is needed to transport sugar to cells
throughout your body. As the sugar is absorbed, your blood sugar levels
drop. When blood sugar gets low, your pancreas releases another hormone
called glucagon. Glucagon tells the liver to start making use of stored
sugars. When everything is working in sync, blood sugar levels stay within a
Obesity is associated with an increase in respiratory problems, and treating
those ailments may be more complicated. Even without diagnosed medical
conditions, obesity may cause episodes of shortness of breath or wheezing
with little exertion. Obesity may play a role in the development of sleep
apnea and asthma.
Central Nervous System
There are many types of headache and many things that can cause them.
Some dietary triggers that can be found in fast food include salt, processed
meats, nitrates, and MSG.
Skin and Bones
Chocolate and greasy foods, often blamed for acne, are not the real culprits.
It’s carbs. According to the Mayo Clinic, because foods that are high in
carbohydrates increase blood sugar levels, they may also trigger acne. The
Thorax study showed a higher risk of eczema (inflamed, irritated patches of
skin) among children with a diet high in fast food.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC), the definition of obesity is when your body mass index
(BMI) is 30.0 or higher. BMI is a calculation of your height and
weight. You can calculate your BMI here. There’s also a category
referred to as “extreme obesity,” which is defined as a BMI of 40.
Across all race groups, one in three Americans is considered
obese while one in 20 is considered extremely obese. Those
statistics are higher in the black and Latino
communities. Approximately 75 percent of people in these groups
who are over age 20 are considered obese. The Obesity Action
Coalition (OAC) reports that the number of fast food outlets has
doubled since 1970, a period during which the number of obese
Americans also doubled. It’s likely that many factors have
contributed to the obesity epidemic, but the correlation between
the availability of cheap and fattening fast food and national
weight increase is stark.
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5. www.the healthsite.com