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ASIGNMENT

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  1. 1. MANNAM FOUNDATION CENTRE FOR EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY ASSIGNMENT Submitted To: Submitted By: RINTU CHACKO LEKSHMI PRIYA. S NATURAL SCIENCE REG NO : 18114373013
  2. 2. TOPIC: FAST FOOD RELATED DISEASES
  3. 3. FAST FOOD RELATED DISEASES Fast food obesity is prevalent in the U.S. and it is extremely strenuous for the entire body, which was never intended to carry that much extra weight. Your heart will also end up working harder than it should, which eventually leads to obesity heart disease. There are also various other obesity diseases, the result of which can be fatal. Food is fuel for your body and has a direct impact on how you feel as well as on your overall health. Fast food refers to food that can be served quickly. In many cases, that means food that is highly processed and contains large amounts of carbohydrates, added sugar, unhealthy fats, and salt (sodium). These foods generally contain a high number of calories but offer little or no nutritional value. A 2013 study published in JAMA Pediatrics showed that children and adolescents take in more calories in fast food and other restaurants than at home. Eating out added between 160 and 310 extra calories a day. According to the National Institutes of Health, some fast food meals give you a whole day’s worth of calories. That can really pack on the pounds. Being overweight is a risk factor for a variety of chronic health problems. Heart Disease The more fast food you eat, the more chances of obesity and this in turn, can increase the risk of heart disease as one tends to have lower levels of good cholesterol and higher levels of bad cholesterol. Liver Damage Since the distribution of the fast food meal that you eat doesn’t get distributed in the body evenly, the fat tends to accumulate in the liver and can cause permanent damage, inflammation and even scarring.
  4. 4. Stroke Since obesity causes blockages in the arteries, this can separately result in high “bad” cholesterol levels leading to high blood pressure levels as well. Due to these blockages, the blood that travels to the brain is blocked (as the arteries carry them) and this results in a stroke. Diabetes (Type 2) This is again an obesity-related disease which occurs when your pancreas is unable to supply a sufficient amount of insulin to convert sugars to energy. This unconverted sugar floats around in the blood and can raise the risk of one getting Type 2 Diabetes. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome This is the main cause of female infertility, and obese women have a much higher chance of developing this disorder. This obesity disease also results in excessive hair growth and irregular menstrual cycles. Dyslipidemia This is a major fast food obesity related disease, which results because of abnormally high trygliceride and LDL cholesterol levels. Dyslipidemia eventually leads to obesity heart disease. Sleep Apnea This disorder means that you might actually stop breathing while sleeping, which causes you to wake up suddenly several times during the night. You may not even be aware of this disruption of sleep, but it prevents you from receiving proper sleep and results in daytime fatigue. Blount’s Disease This disorder occurs when an excessive amount of weight gets placed on growing bones, making it more prevalent in children. This is especially the case with the lower part of the body.
  5. 5. Arthritis This is a condition that is a result of strain on the joints for extended periods. Excessive body weight certainly causes such strain and makes arthritis develop in younger people. Respiratory Problems Obesity makes your lungs work harder, so that they get the necessary oxygen where it is needed in a timely manner. Asthma is also more common in those who are obese. Digestive and Cardiovascular Systems Many fast foods and drinks are loaded with carbohydrates and, consequently, a lot of calories. Your digestive system breaks carbs down into sugar (glucose), which it then releases into your bloodstream. Your pancreas responds by releasing insulin, which is needed to transport sugar to cells throughout your body. As the sugar is absorbed, your blood sugar levels drop. When blood sugar gets low, your pancreas releases another hormone called glucagon. Glucagon tells the liver to start making use of stored sugars. When everything is working in sync, blood sugar levels stay within a normal range. Respiratory System Obesity is associated with an increase in respiratory problems, and treating those ailments may be more complicated. Even without diagnosed medical conditions, obesity may cause episodes of shortness of breath or wheezing with little exertion. Obesity may play a role in the development of sleep apnea and asthma.
  6. 6. Central Nervous System There are many types of headache and many things that can cause them. Some dietary triggers that can be found in fast food include salt, processed meats, nitrates, and MSG. Skin and Bones Chocolate and greasy foods, often blamed for acne, are not the real culprits. It’s carbs. According to the Mayo Clinic, because foods that are high in carbohydrates increase blood sugar levels, they may also trigger acne. The Thorax study showed a higher risk of eczema (inflamed, irritated patches of skin) among children with a diet high in fast food.
  7. 7. CONCLUSION According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the definition of obesity is when your body mass index (BMI) is 30.0 or higher. BMI is a calculation of your height and weight. You can calculate your BMI here. There’s also a category referred to as “extreme obesity,” which is defined as a BMI of 40. Across all race groups, one in three Americans is considered obese while one in 20 is considered extremely obese. Those statistics are higher in the black and Latino communities. Approximately 75 percent of people in these groups who are over age 20 are considered obese. The Obesity Action Coalition (OAC) reports that the number of fast food outlets has doubled since 1970, a period during which the number of obese Americans also doubled. It’s likely that many factors have contributed to the obesity epidemic, but the correlation between the availability of cheap and fattening fast food and national weight increase is stark.
  8. 8. REFERENCE 1. Molecular interventions in Life style related diseases[M.Hiramatsu] 2. https://en.wikipedia.org 3. www.medicine net.com 4. https://eu-lifestyle medicine.org 5. www.the healthsite.com

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