Past Tense


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  • Past Tense

    1. 1. PAST TENSE<br />- H.I.SARVAIYA & Dr. DILIP BARAD<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />1<br />
    2. 2. TENSES<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />2<br />
    3. 3. TENSES<br />PASTTENSE<br />Simple Past Tense<br />Definition:<br />Simple Past Tense is used to indicate those actions which began in the past time and also got over in the past time.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />3<br />
    4. 4. TENSES<br />For example:<br />I studied Medicine in Bangalore.<br />They played cricket at Lords.<br />She took a ride in the new car.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />4<br />
    5. 5. TENSES<br />Structure:<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />5<br />
    6. 6. TENSES<br />Note:<br />When we make sentences in the Negativeor the Interrogative, then there are some major changes in the person-wise structure.<br />Let us see these changes:<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />6<br />
    7. 7. TENSES<br />Structure in Negative Sentence:<br />1st Person Subject + did not + ‘present form of the <br />(Singular) verb’ + object<br />For example:<br />We cannot say:<br />I did not go to college yesterday.<br />I did not went to College yesterday.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />7<br />
    8. 8. TENSES<br />1st Person Subject + did not + ‘pre. form of the <br /> Plural verb’ + object.<br />For example:<br />We cannot say:<br />We did not eat dinner yesterday night.<br />We did not ate dinner yesterday night.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />8<br />
    9. 9. TENSES<br />2nd Person Subject + did not + ‘present (Singular & Plural) form of verb’ + object.<br />3rd Person Subject + did not + ‘present<br /> Singular form of verb’ + object.<br />3rd Person Subject + did not + ‘present Plural form of verb’ + object.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />9<br />
    10. 10. TENSES<br /> Let us take a few more examples:<br />You did not come for the meeting.<br />She did not buy the new book.<br />They did not study for the exam at all.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />10<br />
    11. 11. 10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />11<br />
    12. 12. TENSES<br />Structure of sentences in Interrogative:<br />1st Person Singular Did + Subject + ‘present form of <br /> verb’ + object + ?<br />For example:<br />We cannot say:<br />Did I give you the book yesterday?<br />Did I gave you the book yesterday?<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />12<br />
    13. 13. TENSES<br />1st Person Plural Did + subject + ‘present form of <br /> verb’ + object + ?<br />2nd Person Did + subject + ‘present form of <br />(S+P) verb’ + object + ?<br />3rd Person Did + subject + ‘present form of <br />(S+P) verb’ + object + ?<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />13<br />
    14. 14. TENSES<br />Let us take a few examples:<br />Did you submit the form last week?<br />Did she drive the new car last evening?<br />Did they come for the party?<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />14<br />
    15. 15. TENSES<br /> Use of the Simple Past Tense:<br /><ul><li>To talk about actions and situations in the past.
    16. 16. When an incident is being narrated, or a story is being told.</li></ul>10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />15<br />
    17. 17. TENSES<br />For example:<br />He went to the cinema. There he met his friend Umesh. They ate ice-cream. They saw the movie together. They came back at 8 o’clock.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />16<br />
    18. 18. 10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />17<br />
    19. 19. 10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />18<br />
    20. 20. Pronunciation of ‘-ed’<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />19<br />
    21. 21. TENSES<br />2. Past Continuous Tense<br />Definition: “We use the Past Continuous Tense to talk about something which is in progress at a particular past time. The action or situation had started earlier, and at that particular past time, it was still going on”<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />20<br />
    22. 22. TENSES<br />Past time Present time<br /> (8.00 pm) (11.00 pm)<br />This diagram suggests that right now (present time) it is 11 o’clock. Therefore 8 o’clock is the past time , and at 8 o’clock, a particular action was going on.<br />For example:<br />Yesterday afternoon they were watching a movie.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />21<br />
    23. 23. TENSES<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />22<br />
    24. 24. 10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />23<br />
    25. 25. TENSES<br /> For example:<br />I was enjoying the circus.<br />We were walking in the park.<br />You were wearing a new dress.<br />She was speaking to her grandmother.<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />24<br />
    26. 26. TENSES<br />The structure of the sentences changes when we use the Interrogative.<br /> 1st Person Was+subject+verb+ing+object+?<br /> Singular <br />Was I looking good on Thursday?<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />25<br />
    27. 27. PART - i<br />10/5/2010<br />h i sarvaiya<br />26<br />