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Sustainable Development - Lebanon


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Do you think that the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development? In your opinion, what should be improved?

This is a small presentation showing that the inhabitants of my city/country do not adhere to a lifestyle that promotes sustainable development! Unfortunately we have a long path ahead of us to have a development which is green, eco, and sustainable.

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Sustainable Development - Lebanon

  1. 1. Do you think that the lifestyle of theinhabitants of your town or cityreflects behavior that is in line withthe concept of sustainabledevelopment? In your opinion, whatshould be improved?Prepared by: Hisham Aramouny - Lebanon
  2. 2. SustainableDevelopment
  3. 3. What is Sustainable Development?Sustainable development is development thatmeets the needs of the present withoutcompromising the ability of future generationsto meet their own needs.World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), p 43
  4. 4. What is Sustainable Development?Sustainable development is often thought tohave three components:• Environment• Society• EconomyThe well-being of these three areas isintertwined, not separate.McKeown, R. (2002). The ESD Toolkit 2.0. Web-published document
  5. 5. Lebanon
  6. 6. Lebanon• Area: 10452 sq km• Population: 4,131,583 (July 2013 est.)• Coordinates: 33 50 N, 35 50 E• GDP - per Capita: $15,900 (2012 est.)
  7. 7. &SustainableDevelopmentLebanon
  8. 8. Lebanon & Sustainable Development• Since 1992, the path to sustainabledevelopment in has been fraught withdifficulties and challenges, both external andinternal.• Lebanon’s path towards sustainabledevelopment was also derailed by regionalfactors.
  9. 9. Lebanon during war
  10. 10. Lebanon & Sustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental level:The Lebanese Government is fully aware thatmeeting the country’s water demand will bevery challenging over the medium and long-term.
  11. 11. Lebanon & Sustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental level:Although Lebanon is blessed with the highestaverage annual rainfall of any country in theMiddle East (661 mm/year, 2012), water supplyis a serious problem almost everywhere in thecountry.
  12. 12. Lebanon & Sustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental level:The environmental cost of air pollution inLebanon is alarming to the LebaneseGovernment.The impact of air pollution on public health andthe economy cannot be underestimated.
  13. 13. Lebanon & Sustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental level:Ambient air in Lebanon is affected by severalHuman-polluting activities such as:TransportEnergy industriesManufacturing processesAgricultureQuarriesConstruction activitiesOpen burning
  14. 14. Lebanon & Sustainable DevelopmentSocio-Economic level:Lebanon’s resident population increased by anestimated 25% (between 1992 and 2012)From approximately 3.5 million to 4.2 million(including an estimated 400,000 Palestinianrefugees).
  15. 15. Lebanon & Sustainable DevelopmentSocio-Economic level:According to the Ministry of Social Affairs,Half of the Lebanese population is belowthe age of 29.24% percent of the Lebanese population isliving near or under the poverty line.
  16. 16. Improvements to bedone in my opinion
  17. 17. Improvements to be doneProtect the biodiversity
  18. 18. Improvements to be doneCreate dams to store water
  19. 19. Improvements to be donePromote carpooling as a new rule of transportation
  20. 20. Improvements to be doneRecycle, Reduce, Reuse
  21. 21. Improvements to be doneUse biodegradable and eco-friendly products
  22. 22. Improvements to be doneInstall solar systems for heating
  23. 23. Improvements to be doneMake use of the wind turbine to generate electricity
  24. 24. Improvements to be doneReduce the use of paper to save trees
  25. 25. Improvements to be doneCreate an eco-friendly public transportation
  26. 26. Improvements to be doneUse eco-friendly ways to move around
  27. 27. Improvements to be doneReplace incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent ones
  28. 28. Improvements to be doneUndertake eco-friendly projects and buildings
  29. 29. Improvements to be doneBe energy conscious wherever you are
  30. 30. Improvements to be doneMost importantly,people should becontinuouslyinformed about theprogress made whenmonitored.
  31. 31. Improvements to be doneIn the end, it is onlythe common effortthat will make thechange see the light.
  32. 32. Thank you!Prepared by: Hisham Aramouny - Lebanon