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See through Biometrics

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This is a student presentation given in the MBS MSc course Innovation and Knowledge Economy taught by Prof. Andrew for group assignment in 2009.

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See through Biometrics

  1. 1. 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011SEE THROUGHBIOMETRICS Prepared by Group 5 Winnie Cheung, Zeyu Zhao, Stefan Mihai Preoteasa, Hsuan-Yi Wu2009 INNOVATION ANDCheng-Yu HuangNOV. 26, 2009 (Jen), and KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 1
  2. 2. OUTLINE  INTRODUCTION OF BIOMETRICS BIOMETRICS / TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM / TYPES  SOCIAL SHAPING OF BIOMETRICS SCOT / ISSUES / PERFORMANCE  ETHICS & SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION ARGUMENTS / DISCUSSIONS / ACTOR NETWORK  DIFFUSION, ADOPTION AND CONSUMPTION  CONCLUSION & THE FUTURENOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 2
  3. 3. WHAT IS BIOMETRICS? “the automatic personal recognition based on physiological or behavioural characteristics” Jain, A, et al. (1999)  Properties  Universal  Collectable  Distinctive  PermanenceNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 3
  4. 4. TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM Enrolment Template Stored on Scan/Capture Database Created Database Identification VerificationNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 4
  5. 5. TYPES Physiological Behavioural  Fingerprint  Iris  Gait  Face  Retina  Speech  Vascular Patterns  DNA  SignatureNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 5
  6. 6. SCOT  Interpretative flexibility – Variation – Selection  Closure mechanisms  Relevant Social groups – Society – Economy – Organization – IndividualNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 6
  7. 7. ISSUES  Liveness testing- Real person or some kind of simulation?  Large-scale system- Which bio-tech to use and by what level?  Biometric standards- International, national or regional? Hardware and software  Testing and evaluationNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 7
  8. 8. PERFORMANCE  Efficiency- How much time biometric needs and how much time it can save?  Security- compare to traditional technologies?  Accuracy- what kind of fault might happen and faulty rate?  Interoperability and cost  Data maintenance- usage, storage, update, transmissionNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 8
  9. 9. ARGUMENTS Arguments and counter-arguments for biometrics:  Technical limits  Balkanization  Cooperation  Security  The debate over privacy: psychological comfort zone, self-esteem, the objectification of the body, loss of anonymityNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 9
  10. 10. ETHICS & SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION • Function creep and interoperability: – stored biometric data could be used for purposes that were not originally foreseen, especially with the advances in system interoperability – The temptation to function creep will grow along with the number of companies and organizations that will have access to biometric information – Strict separation of government and commercial databases needed • Potential for extreme and covert surveillance through more advanced technologies. Can lead to a feeling of discrimination and lack of trust for the government among the citizenry. • Limiting individual rights vs. the Common Good: is sliding too far either way dangerous? • The technology and it surrounding institutions need to be transparent and trusted in order for biometrics to be adopted and ethical. • Conclusion: from the point of view of ethics, the social construction of biometrics can be best described by the ANT modelNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 10
  11. 11. ACTOR NETWORK IN BIOMETRICS Ethical Governments Concerns Citizenry Biometrics Technology Commercial Companies Industry Standards Criminals/ TerroristsNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 11
  12. 12. DIFFUSION & ADOPTION From government to citizens, from organization to consumers  Government Sector  Financial Sector  Healthcare and Biotechnology Sector  Travel & Immigration Sector  Private Sector / Consumer MarketsNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 12
  13. 13. REVENUES OF BIOMETRICSNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 13
  14. 14. USES OF BIOMETRICSNOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 14
  15. 15. CONCLUSION  Biometrics as a technology……… (evolution point of view)  What biometrics needs is greater transparency and trust from the users among the population.  There is a large potential for biometrics in consumer market.  Future application and scenario will be human-centric focusing on not only security but also convenience, health, satisfaction and interaction.NOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 15
  16. 16. FUTURE SCENARIO Biometrics will not only about itself. It is about the combined and integrated application in all sectors, especially with IT. - RFID - Flexible Electronics - Simulation - Interactive Design - …………………NOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 16
  17. 17. FUTURE SCENARIONOV. 26, 2009 2009 INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 17
  18. 18. Thanks for your attention. Questions are welcome! SEE THROUGH BIOMETRICS Prepared by Group 5 Winnie Cheung, Zeyu Zhao, Stefan Mihai Preoteasa, Hsuan-Yi Wu 2009 INNOVATION ANDCheng-Yu HuangNOV. 26, 2009 (Jen), and KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY BMAN 61011 18

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