“activities like thinking and remembering seem like a behavior, thus providing an avenue to use behavior analysis to measure their effect on learning.”
Thinking, deciding, remembering, etc. are viewed in terms of how they underlie behavior. Came as a reaction to behaviorvist thinking Felt that behaviorvists thought learning was simply a reactionary phenomenon
As suggested by Paivio, visual learning is just as important as verbal learning. Teachers should provide information that can be processed in different ways. Teacher’s should follow Gagne’s 9 events of instruction when creating lesson plans for optimal learning outcomes from their students. They should provide feedback and assess student performance, for example. Teachers should create lesson plans based on state standards and teach simple things, working up to complex ideas.
Allan Paivio ◦ Dual coding theory Processing of images Processing of language Formed the basis of subsequent educational theories
Robert Gagne ◦ Five major categories of learning Verbal information Intellectual skills Cognitive strategies Motor skills Attitudes
Benjamin Bloom ◦ Learning classified into 3 domains: Cognitive- student’s intellectual level Affective- student’s emotions, interests, attitude, attention, and awareness Psychomotor- student’s motor skills and physical abilities
•Moves from •Has beensimple to linked tocomplex mastery learning
Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom; Shelly, Gunter, Gunter. http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/dua l-coding.html http://www.hsc.unt.edu/departments/cld/Cours eDesign-TeachingStrategies.cfm http://56mps2011.wikispaces.com/multiple+int elligences http://www.odu.edu/educ/roverbau/Bloom/bloo ms_taxonomy.htm http://www.edutopia.org/digital-generation- howard-gardner-video