Satipatthana Sutta Workshop - S16 Summary & Conclusion Day 4


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This set of slides is from the Satipatthana Workshop conducted by Venerable Aggacitta at Sasanarakkha Buddhist Sanctuary between July 26-29, 2012.

Permission is given to redistribute without any modifications, for non-commercial purposes only.

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Satipatthana Sutta Workshop - S16 Summary & Conclusion Day 4

  1. 1. Satipaṭṭhāna SuttaStudy with Meditation WorkshopSummary & Conclusion ● Comparison with Satipaṭṭhāna Mūla ● Internal coherence of material ● Comparison with other suttas ● Grand Conclusion 1
  2. 2. Comparison with Satipaṭṭhāna Mūla 1) Many additional exercises in Pāli kāyānupassanā and dhammānupassanā 2) 1st part of Pāli refrain (contemplating internally, externally & both) is in the definition of Mūla 3) No vipassanā in refrain of Mūla 4) Vipassanā only in dhammānupassanā of Mūla 2
  3. 3. Internal coherence of material1) How to contemplate arising and vanishing of body parts and corpses?2) Redundancy of refrain & causal investigation in dhammānupassanā3) No hard and fast line drawn between concept and “ultimate reality”4) For vipassanā contemplation, saṅkhāras are not restricted to form, citta and cetasika, but include anything that has the nature of arising and vanishing 3
  4. 4. Comparison with other suttas1) Sati has a broad range of applications based on its root meaning: “awareness of a past object”2) Sati thus covers: (a) remembering, (b) recollecting, (c) reminding, (d) looking back at an immediate past object3) Sati is not paññā, but is a necessary condition for it, the groundwork for paññā 4
  5. 5. Comparison with other suttas4) Sati brings the composed mind to be aware of an object that has just arisen so that paññā can discern its nature & conditionality5) Pajānāti (=verb of paññā) ranges from just bare acknowledgement of an object to intellectual understanding of and profound insight into the true nature of sensory experience6) According to Poṭṭhapāda Sutta (DN 9), preception (saññā) arises first, followed by knowledge (ñāṇa) 5
  6. 6. Comparison with other suttas7) Clear knowing is to be applied to all 4 satipaṭṭhānas, not just bodily activities8) In the Gradual Training templates, postures & clear knowing precede meditation proper & should not be included in kāyānupassanā9) “Having subdued longing and dejection” is equivalent to sense restraint in the Gradual Training templatesWhat is the Gradual Training Template? 6
  7. 7. The Gradual Training Template 1. Virtuous in the moral precepts 2. Guarding the doors of the sense faculties 3. Moderation in eating 4. Devotion to wakefulness 5. Mindfulness and clear knowing 6. Resorting to seclusion 7. Abandoning the 5 hindrances 8. Developing the jhānas Based on GaṇakaMoggallāna Sutta (MN 107) 7
  8. 8. Comparison with other suttas10) According to Kāyagatāsati Sutta (MN 119), the 14 exercises in kāyānupassanā lead to samādhi11) According to Janavasabha Sutta (DN 18) and Cūlavedalla Sutta (MN 44) the 4 satipaṭṭhānas lead to samādhi12) Although “samatha” & “vipassanā” are not explicitly mentioned in MN 10, their features are there according to other suttas 8
  9. 9. Comparison with other suttas13) According to Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 47.40), (a) the establishment of mindfulness = the definition (b) the development of the establishment of mindfulness = contemplating the nature of arising, of vanishing & of both (c) the way leading to the development of the establishment of mindfulness = Noble Eightfold Path 9
  10. 10. Grand Conclusion1) Practice of 4 satipaṭṭhānas supported by Factors 1-6 of N8P leads to Right Samādhi2) Based on the samādhi attained, sati and saññā take the lead in contemplating the nature of arising, of vanishing & of both3) This leads to experiential knowledge and vision of saṅkhāras as they had occurred4) When such experiential insight reaches maturity, it develops into weariness and detachment, culminating in Liberation 10