What is protected by copyright?• Literary works• Musical works, including any accompanying words• Dramatic works, including any accompanying music• Pantomimes and choreographic works• Pictorial, graphic and sculptural works• Motion pictures and other audiovisual works• Sound recordings• Architectural works• Computer software
What is not under copyright?• Works that have not been ﬁxed in a tangible form of expression (not written or recorded)• Facts• Ideas, principles and concepts• Works for which copyright has expired
Duration of copyright• Copyright protection starts from the time the work is created in a ﬁxed form• Copyright protection lasts authors’ lifetime and 70 years after death
Economic rights• Reproduction• Distribution• Rental• Broadcasting• Public performance• ...
Moral rights• Attribution• Anonymous or pseudonymous publishing• Integrity of the work• Withdrawal• ...
LimitationsEU Copyright Directive lists a number of limitations thatcan be applied by the member states, including: • Reproductions by public libraries, educational institutions or archives for non-commercial use • Use for illustration for teaching or scientiﬁc research, to the extent justiﬁed by the non-commercial purpose • Communication of works to the public within the premises of public libraries, educational institutions, museums or archives
Problems in the context of digital learning resources• What extent of educational reuse is justiﬁed by the non-commercial purpose?• Translation and modiﬁcation of the work requires agreement from the author
License conditions Attribution — You must attribute the work in theb manner speciﬁed by the author or licensor Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upona this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one Noncommercial — You may not use this work forn commercial purposes No Derivative Works — You may not alter,d transform, or build upon this work
Rights Share — to copy, distribute and transmits the workr Remix — to adapt the work
Three “Layers” of licenses (Creative Commons, 2012)
What are OER’s?Open Educational Resources (OER) are digitalmaterials that can be re-used for teaching, learning,research and more, made available free through openlicenses, which allow uses of the materials that wouldnot be easily permitted under copyright alone. (Wikipedia, 2012)
References• Creative Commons (2013). About The Licenses. http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/• Wikipedia (2012). Open educational resources. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Open_educational_resources
Photos• Christopher Sessums, http://www.ﬂickr.com/photos/csessums/4966650988/
Thank You! • email@example.com • http://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldojaThis work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/