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Mozilla Open Badges for Assessment 
Hans Põldoja, Tallinn University
Hans Põldoja! 
! 
Lecturer of educational technology 
Tallinn University, Institute of Informatics 
! 
Doctoral student 
A...
What are Open Badges?
Mozilla Open Badges 
http://openbadges.org
(Class Hack, n.d.)
(Open Badges, 2013)
(Open Badges, 2013)
(Open Badges, 2013)
(Open Badges, 2013)
Using Open Badges in 
Formal Higher Education
Exploring the Potential of Open Badges in Blog-Based 
University Courses 
Hans Põldoja and Mart Laanpere 
Tallinn Universi...
Blog-based courses
Assessment issues in blog-based 
courses 
• Private grading in open learning environment 
• Recognizing the learning outco...
Badge design patterns?
Composite badges 
Blog posts on each of the 
13 course topics 
OpenEd 
Overview 
Badge 
In-depth blog posts on 3 
selected...
Activity-based badges 
N blog posts or tweets Activity 
Badge 
N received comments or 
retweets 
Quality 
Badge 
Completed...
Grade-based badges 
95% of points or more Gold Badge 
85% of points or more Silver 
Badge 
75% of points or more Bronze 
B...
Hierarchical badges 
Course 
Level 
Badge 
Project 
Level 
Badge 
Lower 
Level 
Badge 
Lower 
Level 
Badge 
Lower 
Level 
...
Our proposal: outcome-based 
badges
Advanced knowledge badges 
Skills badges 
Basic knowledge badges 
Basic 
knowledge on 
learning 
objects and 
repositories...
Students' perspectives on Open 
Badges 
• Main benefits: feeling of recognition and confirmation 
about accepted assignmen...
Recommendations for future 
courses 
• Offer at least two levels of badges for each assignment 
• Provide more choice of d...
Food for thought 
• Extending the badge metadata (“weight”, etc) 
• Combining outcome-based badges with other types of 
ba...
References 
• Wiley, D.: Assignments: Introduction to Openness in Education, https:// 
learn.canvas.net/courses/4/assignme...
Used Images 
• Ellen Munro: Badges, https://www.flickr.com/photos/ellenmunro/5140522031/ 
• Class Hack: Open Badges Anatom...
Thank You! 
• hans.poldoja@tlu.ee 
• http://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldoja
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Mozilla Open Badges for Assessment

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Presentation at the Boldic project meeting, 13 October 2014, Riga, Latvia.

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Mozilla Open Badges for Assessment

  1. 1. Mozilla Open Badges for Assessment Hans Põldoja, Tallinn University
  2. 2. Hans Põldoja! ! Lecturer of educational technology Tallinn University, Institute of Informatics ! Doctoral student Aalto University, School of Arts, Design and Architecture ! hans.poldoja@tlu.ee http://www.hanspoldoja.net
  3. 3. What are Open Badges?
  4. 4. Mozilla Open Badges http://openbadges.org
  5. 5. (Class Hack, n.d.)
  6. 6. (Open Badges, 2013)
  7. 7. (Open Badges, 2013)
  8. 8. (Open Badges, 2013)
  9. 9. (Open Badges, 2013)
  10. 10. Using Open Badges in Formal Higher Education
  11. 11. Exploring the Potential of Open Badges in Blog-Based University Courses Hans Põldoja and Mart Laanpere Tallinn University, Institute of Informatics, Tallinn, Estonia {hans.poldoja, mart.laanpere}@gmail.com Abstract. Recent developments with personal learning environments and open online courses have led educators to experiment with opening up their formal higher education courses. In these courses, the online learning activities take place in open learning environments based on various Web 2.0 tools such as blogs. Although this type of courses have a number of pedagogical benefits, they also raise issues related to private grading of students’ works and recogniz-ing the learning of informal participants. This paper presents our exploratory study on addressing these issues by introducing open badges to master’s level course that takes place in a blog-based learning environment. Students’ perspec-tives on using open badges were evaluated through focus group interviews. The results of the study indicate, that badges could have a potential in formal higher education, if they are used more widely and provide an explicit choice of per-sonal learning paths for learners. Keywords: open badges, assessment, blog-based courses. 1 Introduction One of the recent trends in education is the blending of formal and informal learning. This is supported by introducing social media, personal learning environments and various open educational practices to formal higher education [1, 2]. Students can enrich their learning experience by using open educational resources from other uni-versities and taking part in Massive Open Online Courses. In many cases, such developments have led university lecturers and professors to increase the degree of openness in their courses. One approach is to move online learning activities to open learning environments that are based on social media and Web 2.0 tools such as blogs. The use of blogs in online courses provides a number of pedagogical benefits such as motivating learners, enhancing the development and expression of ideas, fostering interaction, collaboration and group work, inviting feedback from other learners, and enriching the learning environment [3]. The use of blog-based learning environments also allows educators to open up their course for informal participants or members of professional communities who are not officially enrolled to the course. adfa, p. 1, 2011. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 Põldoja, H., & Laanpere, M. (in press). Exploring the Potential of Open Badges in Blog-Based University Courses. In Y. Cao, T. Väljataga, & J. K. T. Tang (Eds.), New Horizons in Web- Based Learning - ICWL 2014 Workshops. Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer.
  12. 12. Blog-based courses
  13. 13. Assessment issues in blog-based courses • Private grading in open learning environment • Recognizing the learning outcomes of informal participants
  14. 14. Badge design patterns?
  15. 15. Composite badges Blog posts on each of the 13 course topics OpenEd Overview Badge In-depth blog posts on 3 selected course topics OpenEd Researcher Badge (Wiley, 2013)
  16. 16. Activity-based badges N blog posts or tweets Activity Badge N received comments or retweets Quality Badge Completed milestone or assignment Result Badge (Santos, Charleer, Parra, Klerkx, Duval, & Verbert, 2013)
  17. 17. Grade-based badges 95% of points or more Gold Badge 85% of points or more Silver Badge 75% of points or more Bronze Badge (Rughiniș & Matei, 2013)
  18. 18. Hierarchical badges Course Level Badge Project Level Badge Lower Level Badge Lower Level Badge Lower Level Badge Project Level Badge Lower Level Badge Lower Level Badge Lower Level Badge (Randall, Harrison, & West, 2013)
  19. 19. Our proposal: outcome-based badges
  20. 20. Advanced knowledge badges Skills badges Basic knowledge badges Basic knowledge on learning objects and repositories Basic knowledge on authoring tools Basic knowledge on computer-based assessment Basic knowledge on new technologies Basic knowledge on copyright of digital learning resources Basic knowledge on quality of digital learning resources Content package author Assessment test author e-Textbook author Advanced knowledge on learning objects and repositories Advanced knowledge on authoring tools Advanced knowledge on computer-based assessment Advanced knowledge on new technologies Advanced knowledge on copyright of digital learning resources Advanced knowledge on quality of digital learning resources Assignments Blogging assignment 1 Blogging assignment 2 Blogging assignment 3 Blogging assignment 4 Blogging assignment 5 Group assignment on developing a digital learning resource Blogging assignment 6 Literature review Describing the advantages and disadvantages of learning objects approach Creating simple content packages, tests and e-textbooks, and describing these with metadata Searching for learning objects from learning object repositories by metadata and licenses Following copyright principles for digital learning resources Evaluating the quality of a learning resources using an evaluation framework Using one authoring tool to create a more comprehensive digital learning resource Analyzing the current issues, research studies and trends in one sub-topic related to digital learning resources Learning outcomes
  21. 21. Students' perspectives on Open Badges • Main benefits: feeling of recognition and confirmation about accepted assignments • Badges would become more valuable, if they are used in several courses, not as a one time experiment • Students are interested in recognizing prior learning with badges
  22. 22. Recommendations for future courses • Offer at least two levels of badges for each assignment • Provide more choice of different badges / learning paths • Visual aesthetics of badges is also important for learners
  23. 23. Food for thought • Extending the badge metadata (“weight”, etc) • Combining outcome-based badges with other types of badges • Student-designed and student-awarded badges for peer-assessment • Combing personal learning contracts and badges
  24. 24. References • Wiley, D.: Assignments: Introduction to Openness in Education, https:// learn.canvas.net/courses/4/assignments • Santos, J.L., Charleer, S., Parra, G., Klerkx, J., Duval, E., Verbert, K.: Evaluating the Use of Open Badges in an Open Learning Environment. In: Hernández-Leo, D., Ley, T., Klamma, R., Harrer, A. (eds) EC-TEL 2013. LNCS, vol. 8095, pp. 314–327. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg (2013) • Rughiniș, R., Matei, S.: Digital Badges: Signposts and Claims of Achievement. In: Stephanidis, S. (ed) HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts, pp. 84–88. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg (2013) • Randall, D.L., Harrison, J.B., West, R.E.: Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due: Designing Open Badges for a Technology Integration Course. TechTrends. 57, 88–95 (2013)
  25. 25. Used Images • Ellen Munro: Badges, https://www.flickr.com/photos/ellenmunro/5140522031/ • Class Hack: Open Badges Anatomy, http://classhack.com/post/ 45364649211/open-badge-anatomy-updated • Open Badges, http://openbadges.org/about/
  26. 26. Thank You! • hans.poldoja@tlu.ee • http://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldoja

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