Digital Learning Resources

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Lecture in the educational technology course for Erasmus exchange students. Tallinn University, 8 November 2012.

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Digital Learning Resources

  1. 1. Digital Learning ResourcesHans Põldoja
  2. 2. cbaThis work is licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copyof this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 CastroStreet, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA. http://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldoja
  3. 3. What makes a good digital learning resource?
  4. 4. Generations of digital learning content
  5. 5. Educational CD-ROMs
  6. 6. Educational CD-ROMs• Content integrated with the environment• Difficult to update and reuse• Requires specific operating system
  7. 7. Learning objects
  8. 8. Learning objects Text Image Learning object Table Learning object Course Sound Movie Learning objectQuestion
  9. 9. Repositories and metadata
  10. 10. http://www.merlot.org
  11. 11. http://www.thegateway.org
  12. 12. http://www.scientix.eu
  13. 13. Metadata
  14. 14. http://www.curriki.org
  15. 15. (Hermann, 2002)
  16. 16. Types of repositories• Repository — metadata + resources• Referatory — metadata + links to resources
  17. 17. Learning resource authoring tools
  18. 18. http://lemill.net
  19. 19. http://exelearning.org
  20. 20. http://www.myudutu.com
  21. 21. http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/xerte/toolkits.htm
  22. 22. http://challenge.zoho.com
  23. 23. http://www.apple.com/ibooks-author/
  24. 24. http://wordpress.com
  25. 25. Learning resources and copyright
  26. 26. What is protected by copyright?• Literary works• Musical works, including any accompanying words• Dramatic works, including any accompanying music• Pantomimes and choreographic works• Pictorial, graphic and sculptural works• Motion pictures and other audiovisual works• Sound recordings• Architectural works• Computer software
  27. 27. What is not under copyright?• Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (not written or recorded)• Facts• Ideas, principles and concepts• Works for which copyright has expired
  28. 28. Duration of copyright• Copyright protection starts from the time the work is created in a fixed form• Copyright protection lasts authors’ lifetime and 70 years after death
  29. 29. Economic rights• Reproduction• Distribution• Rental• Broadcasting• Public performance• ...
  30. 30. Moral rights• Attribution• Anonymous or pseudonymous publishing• Integrity of the work• Withdrawal• ...
  31. 31. LimitationsEU Copyright Directive lists a number of limitations thatcan be applied by the member states, including: • Reproductions by public libraries, educational institutions or archives for non-commercial use; • Use for illustration for teaching or scientific research, to the extent justified by the non-commercial purpose; • Communication of works to the public within the premises of public libraries, educational institutions, museums or archives (Directive 2001/29/EC)
  32. 32. Problems in the context of digital learning resources• What extent of educational reuse is justified by the non-commercial purpose?• Translation and modification of the work requires agreement from the author
  33. 33. Open content licences
  34. 34. http://creativecommons.org
  35. 35. Creative Commons licenses• Attribution (CC BY)• Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)• Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)• Attribution-Noncommercial (CC BY-NC)• Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA)• Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
  36. 36. License conditions Attribution — You must attribute the work in theb manner specified by the author or licensor Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upona this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one Noncommercial — You may not use this work forn commercial purposes No Derivative Works — You may not alter,d transform, or build upon this work
  37. 37. Rights Share — to copy, distribute and transmits the workr Remix — to adapt the work
  38. 38. Three “Layers” of licenses (Creative Commons, 2012)
  39. 39. How to recognize CC licensed works?
  40. 40. Marking licenses• If no license information is included with the work, then users must assume that all rights are reserved• Title of the license, icon and link are added to openly licensed content
  41. 41. Creative Commons icons
  42. 42. Open content
  43. 43. http://en.wikipedia.org
  44. 44. http://commons.wikimedia.org
  45. 45. http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons
  46. 46. What are OER’s?Open Educational Resources (OER) are digitalmaterials that can be re-used for teaching, learning,research and more, made available free through openlicenses, which allow uses of the materials that wouldnot be easily permitted under copyright alone. (Wikipedia, 2012)
  47. 47. http://ocw.mit.edu
  48. 48. http://www.ocwconsortium.org
  49. 49. http://www.curriki.org
  50. 50. http://www.khanacademy.org
  51. 51. http://cnx.org
  52. 52. http://wikieducator.org
  53. 53. http://en.wikibooks.org
  54. 54. http://en.wikiversity.org
  55. 55. http://lemill.net
  56. 56. http://www.oercommons.org
  57. 57. http://lreforschools.eun.org
  58. 58. From open content to open education
  59. 59. http://p2pu.org
  60. 60. http://www.openbadges.org
  61. 61. References• Hermann, T. (2002). Overview of LOM Draft 6.4. http://www.sreb.org/ programs/EdTech/SCORE/SCORE_Users_Guide.pdf• Directive 2001/29/EC, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do? uri=CELEX:32001L0029:EN:HTML• Wikipedia (2012). Open educational resources. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Open_educational_resources
  62. 62. Photos• Johan Larsson, http://www.flickr.com/photos/johanl/6966883093/• http://www.flickr.com/photos/srgblog/728719997/• Alan Chia, http://www.flickr.com/photos/seven13avenue/2080281038/• Pietro Zanarini, http://www.flickr.com/photos/zipckr/3925513417/• Glenn Fleishman, http://www.flickr.com/photos/glennf/4309829213/• http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SmartBoard.JPG• Laineys Repertoire, http://www.flickr.com/photos/76283671@N00/142605716/• Hamed Saber, http://www.flickr.com/photos/hamed/389212454/• http://www.flickr.com/photos/epsos/5394616925/
  63. 63. Thank You!• hans.poldoja@tlu.ee• http://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldoja

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