Authoring and sharing open educational resources

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Presentation for teachers and educational administrators from Palestine, 25 September 2012, Tallinn.

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Authoring and sharing open educational resources

  1. 1. Authoring and sharing open educational resources Hans Põldoja Tallinn University
  2. 2. cbaThis work is licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copyof this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 CastroStreet, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA. http://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldoja
  3. 3. Outline• Open Educational Resources: the concept, examples, lessons learned• Authoring digital learning resources with simple online tools• Adding metadata to learning objects
  4. 4. What are OER’s?Open Educational Resources (OER) are digitalmaterials that can be re-used for teaching, learning,research and more, made available free through openlicenses, which allow uses of the materials that wouldnot be easily permitted under copyright alone. (Wikipedia, 2012)
  5. 5. Copyright(and why it doesn’t work)
  6. 6. What is protected by copyright?• Literary works• Musical works, including any accompanying words• Dramatic works, including any accompanying music• Pantomimes and choreographic works• Pictorial, graphic and sculptural works• Motion pictures and other audiovisual works• Sound recordings• Architectural works• Computer software
  7. 7. What is not under copyright?• Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (not written or recorded)• Facts• Ideas, principles and concepts• Works for which copyright has expired
  8. 8. Duration of copyright• Copyright protection starts from the time the work is created in a fixed form• Copyright protection lasts authors’ lifetime and 70 years after death
  9. 9. Economic rights• Reproduction• Distribution• Rental• Broadcasting• Public performance• ...
  10. 10. Moral rights• Attribution• Anonymous or pseudonymous publishing• Integrity of the work• Withdrawal• ...
  11. 11. LimitationsEU Copyright Directive lists a number of limitations thatcan be applied by the member states, including: • Reproductions by public libraries, educational institutions or archives for non-commercial use; • Use for illustration for teaching or scientific research, to the extent justified by the non-commercial purpose; • Communication of works to the public within the premises of public libraries, educational institutions, museums or archives (Directive 2001/29/EC)
  12. 12. Problems in the context of digital learning resources• What extent of educational reuse is justified by the non-commercial purpose?• Translation and modification of the work requires agreement from the author
  13. 13. Open Content Licences
  14. 14. http://creativecommons.org
  15. 15. Creative Commons licenses• Attribution (CC BY)• Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)• Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)• Attribution-Noncommercial (CC BY-NC)• Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA)• Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
  16. 16. License conditions Attribution — You must attribute the work in theb manner specified by the author or licensor Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upona this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one Noncommercial — You may not use this work forn commercial purposes No Derivative Works — You may not alter,d transform, or build upon this work
  17. 17. Rights Share — to copy, distribute and transmits the workr Remix — to adapt the work
  18. 18. Three “Layers” of licenses (Creative Commons, 2012)
  19. 19. How to recognize CC licensed works?
  20. 20. Marking licenses• If no license information is included with the work, then users must assume that all rights are reserved• Title of the license, icon and link are added to openly licensed content
  21. 21. Creative Commons icons
  22. 22. OER initiatives
  23. 23. http://ocw.mit.edu
  24. 24. http://www.ocwconsortium.org
  25. 25. http://www.curriki.org
  26. 26. http://www.khanacademy.org
  27. 27. http://cnx.org
  28. 28. http://wikieducator.org
  29. 29. http://en.wikibooks.org
  30. 30. http://en.wikiversity.org
  31. 31. http://lemill.net
  32. 32. http://www.oercommons.org
  33. 33. http://lreforschools.eun.org
  34. 34. Task 1Choose one of the OER initiatives andsearch for learning resources in yoursubject or area of interest.
  35. 35. OER Initiatives• http://ocw.mit.edu• http://ocwconsortium.org• http://www.curriki.org• http://www.khanacademy.org• http://cnx.org• http://lemill.net• http://www.oercommons.org• http://lreforschools.eun.org
  36. 36. Learning resource authoring tools
  37. 37. http://lemill.net
  38. 38. http://exelearning.org
  39. 39. http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/xerte/toolkits.htm
  40. 40. http://www.myudutu.com
  41. 41. http://wordpress.com
  42. 42. What to choose? Learning resource authoring tool (eg. LeMill, eXe, ...) vsGeneric content management system (eg. WordPress, ...)
  43. 43. Demo:http://lemill.net
  44. 44. Open content
  45. 45. http://commons.wikimedia.org
  46. 46. Demo:http://commons.wikimedia.org
  47. 47. http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons
  48. 48. Demo:http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons
  49. 49. Embedding
  50. 50. Embedding external content• Movies:YouTube,Vimeo, Khan Academy• Presentations: SlideShare, Google Docs• Mind maps: Spicynodes• Timelines: TimeRime• Maps: Google Maps• Exercises: Quizlet
  51. 51. Embedding from
  52. 52. Embedding to
  53. 53. http://lemill.net
  54. 54. Metadata
  55. 55. (Hermann, 2002)
  56. 56. http://www.curriki.org
  57. 57. Tagging
  58. 58. References• Directive 2001/29/EC, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do? uri=CELEX:32001L0029:EN:HTML• Hermann, T. (2002). Overview of LOM Draft 6.4. http://www.sreb.org/ programs/EdTech/SCORE/SCORE_Users_Guide.pdf• Wikipedia (2012). Open educational resources. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Open_educational_resources
  59. 59. Photos• Adrian Nier, http://www.flickr.com/photos/adriannier/5604256326/• Hamed Saber, http://www.flickr.com/photos/hamed/389212454/• epSos .de, http://www.flickr.com/photos/epsos/5394616925/• Laineys Repertoire, http://www.flickr.com/photos/ 76283671@N00/142605716/• David Fulmer, http://www.flickr.com/photos/annarbor/4349879701/
  60. 60. Thank You!Hans PõldojaResearcherTallinn University, Estoniahans.poldoja@tlu.eehttp://www.hanspoldoja.nethttp://www.slideshare.net/hanspoldoja

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