Women and ncds


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  • Non-Communicable diseases, also commonly referred to as chronic diseases, are diseases and conditions, which are not infectious. While NCDs have long been thoughtofas only a problem for high-income countries, current data and research shows that these disease are a major source of sickness and death in low and middle-income countries. WHO reports that in 2008 over 60% of deaths worldwide were from NCDs in which 80% of those deaths were in low and middle-income countries (WHO, 2011). These
  • There are many myths and misconceptions about NCDs one is that men are more likely to suffer from one fo these diseases than women but in high in come countries all the leading causes of death are NCDs
  • 7 og the 10 leading causes fo death for all females in thw world are NCDS The good news is that many of these diseases are controllable and preventable.
  • Women face unique problems in combating and preventing NCDs. Unfortunately women all over are still as second class citizens and this puts them at a high risk for NCDs
  • CVD is the world’s number one killer and the number one killer of women worldwide. CVD causes 9.1 million deaths among women annually.␣In 2008, CVD killed 1.2 million women aged between 20 and 59 years, the most productive years of life, and caused ill-health and suffering to many millions more.␣Developing countries are more affected. Of the women who will die from coronary heart disease, 80 per cent of the deaths will occur in low and middle income countries.
  • Women are vulnerable to COPD because of the exposures they face in their home.  Among non-smoking women indoor household air pollutions (mostly from cookstoves) is the leading cause of NCDs in women . Unbelievably, household air pollution is the greatest risk factors for NCDs in non-smoking women newscenter.berkeley.eduzahana.org
  • Breast Cancer is the most common cancer among women access to affordable and early treatment is essentially to saving lives. Even though it is the most preventable type of cancer, lung cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death for women
  • There are clear disparitites between high and low income countries. For example most cervical cancer deaths are in low income countries. These are healtcare systems where screening and prevention methods are not available
  • mental health is a worldwide problem especially for young females. For girls and young women suicide is in the top 10 causes of death for High, middle and low income countriesThere are many contributing factors to these high rates and all of them are unique challenges females face
  • WHO estimates that 80% of all cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes and 40% of all cases of cancer could be preventedhealthy diet, physical activity (and, through these first two, the avoidance of obesity), and the avoidance of tobacco smoking and alcoholThere are certain obstacles to these activities for women here are some of the challenges and how we can begin to solve themdipity.com sempliok.deviantart.com weightlossplansforteenagegirls.com
  • Physical ActivitySome of the reasons many girls and women in the world do not engage in physical activity is because it is not socially acceptable for them to be outdoors playing.  For others there is no safe space.PA programs need  to consider the specific challenges girls and women face in being physically activenowpublic.commid-day.com
  • WHO estimates that the proportion of female smokers will rise from 12% in 2010 to 20% by 2025.The most effective way to prevent NCDs is not smoking tobacco.  While the smoking rate for men is starting to slowing decline the smoking rate for women is growing.Tobacco companies are specifically targeting women as a new market. They liken cigarettes to popular perfume, portray cigarettes as feminist power. Enforcing tobacco advertising restrictions Tony Cenicola/The New York Timeseuro-cig.comgarth-storyofmylife.blogspot.comseniorwomen.com
  • One way to help prevent NCD mobidity and mortality is for women to be equally members of society. This will give women the opportunity for education, income and input into the health care services they need.blogs.longwood.edubanderasnews.comtampabay.com
  • By incorporating NCD prevention and treatment into existing reproductive and maternal health programs women can begin to receive the immediate care they deserve from the providers that understand their needs the most.popline.orgcpc.unc.edu soupforthesoulsummit.org
  • Women and ncds

    1. 1. Women’s health &Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) Specific challenges and solutions Stephanie Hansen July 2012
    2. 2. Respiratory Mental illness 80% of of deaths 60% those deaths worldwide in cancer injuries low and middle income countries heart disease diabetes
    3. 3. 10 Leading causes of death: Adult Females High-income countries Breast Cancer Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers Ischemic heart disease Suicide Stroke Colon and rectum cancers Cirrhosis of the liver Road Traffic accidents Ovary Cancer Poisonings
    4. 4. 10 Leading causes of death: Adult Females Low-income countries HIV/AIDS Tuberculosis Maternal Hemorrhage StrokeLower respiratory infections Ischemic heart disease Cervical Cancer Diarrheal diseases Breast Cancer Diabetes
    5. 5. Ischemic heart disease Stroke Breast cancer Suicide Cervical cancer Road traffic accidentsChronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    6. 6. Why are women susceptible?
    7. 7. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) 2.1 million women 9.1 million women #1 under 60 a year
    8. 8. Chronic Respiratory Disease newscenter.berkeley.edu zahana.org
    9. 9. Cancer Women suffer nearly the same million women Over 3 cancer incidence as die of cancer men year eachfuturity.org
    10. 10. of cervical cancerdeaths are in lowincome countries
    11. 11. 2nd class citizens of Death: Leading Causes of Death: Leading Causes Adolescence Reproductive Age 1) HIV/AIDS Burden of work Diarrheal diseases 1) 2) Suicide 2) Tuberculosis Physical Abuse 3) Lower respiratory infections 3) SuicideSexual Abuse WHO
    12. 12. Cardiovascular Disease Prevention 80% Preventable Type 2 Diabetesdipity.com sempliok.deviantart.com weightlossplansforteenagegirls.com
    13. 13. nowpublic.commid-day.com
    14. 14. 20% in 2025 Tony Cenicola/The New York Times euro-cig.com garth-storyofmylife.blogspot.com seniorwomen.com
    15. 15. Women are… of illiterate adultsOf the world’s poor
    16. 16. Women are… Caregivers Patients Students Entrepreneursblogs.longwood.edu banderasnews.com tampabay.com
    17. 17. popline.org cpc.unc.edu soupforthesoulsummit.org
    18. 18. ReferencesGlobal Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. (2012). Cookstoves and non-communicable diseases information sheet. Retrieve at: http://www.cleancookstoves.org/resources/ fact-sheets/.NCD Alliance. (2012). Non-communicable diseases: A priority for women’s health and development. Retrieved at: http://ncdalliance.org/node/3442.Unwin, N. and Albeerti, K. (2006). Chronic non-communicable diseases. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. Vol 100:5&6 455-464.World Health Organization (WHO). (2009). Women and Health: Todays evidence tomorrow’s agenda. WHO Press Geneva, Switzerland.World Health Organization (WHO). (2011). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. WHO Press Geneva, Switzerland