Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Triple Helix Seoul National University (9 March2010)


Published on

서울대학교 교육학과 BK21 사업단 특강 <triple> (2010년 3월)

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Triple Helix Seoul National University (9 March2010)

  1. 1. Triple Helix in South Korea: A longitudinal perspective Asso. Prof. Han Woo PARK Department of Media & Communication YeungNam University 214-1 Dae-dong, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-749 Republic of Korea [email_address] [email_address] This is in collaboration with Min-Ho So, Ki-Seok Kown, M. Shapiro, and L. Leydesdorff Virtual Knowledge Studio (VKS)
  2. 2. Knowledge-based innovation <ul><li>There are probably three ways to measure knowledge-based innovation system in terms of networked communication </li></ul><ul><li>Journal articles: Traditional knowledge indicator; Scientometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Patent registration: Innovation indicator; Technometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Web mentions and hyperlinks : Digital (proxy) indicator; Webometrics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Knowledge-based systemness <ul><li>A surprising growth of SCI publications with a Korean address </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Korea’s SCI journals: 79 SCI SCI, SCI-E, SSCI, A&HCI journals published by Korean universities, GRIs, and scholarly associations </li></ul><ul><li>National programs to facilitate the internationalization of research: BK21, WCU, WCI </li></ul>
  4. 4. Korea’s portfolio becomes strong? <ul><li>The answer is both yes and no </li></ul><ul><li>YES </li></ul><ul><li>e.g., Research evaluation and scholarly practice become internationalized and national R&D budget is growing </li></ul><ul><li>- However, YES part is not the focus of this presentation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Critical points and frustrating aspects <ul><li>Only three scientists working in Korean institutions were included in the 2008 list of ISI’s Highly Cited Researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Korean SCI journals are being neglected by domestic/international scientists as a reference journal </li></ul><ul><li>- These journals function more like publication places, neither research channels nor information sources </li></ul>
  6. 6. Networked innovation system <ul><li>A knowledge-based innovation can no longer be attributed to single nodes in a society </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies enable individual and institutional actors to collaborate in new modes </li></ul><ul><li>Is Korea national R&D system strong in terms of networkedness? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gov’t policy and TH <ul><li>The networked knowledge infrastructure can be measured in terms of a Triple-Helix of University-Industry-Government relations; L. Leydesdorff </li></ul><ul><li>Does Korea governmental policy facilitate the development of cooperation among individual/institutional actors comprising of national research system? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Characteristics of R&D programs according to government Government Characteristics of R&D programs related to the TH indicators Park, Jung-Hee (1970-1979) Government’s strong push to run governmental institutes and joint research between universities and public organizations Chun, Doo-Hwan (1980-1987) Merger and acquisition among government-sponsored research institutes; e.g., the integration of the KAIS (Korea Advanced Institute of Science) university and the KIST (Korea Institute of Science and Technology) into the KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) Roh, Tae-Woo (1988-1992) The gradual opening of research organizations in both private and public sectors; e.g., KIST became independent from KAIST in 1989 Kim, Young-Sam (1993-1997) Dominance of governmental agencies from early 1990 to 1997 when Korea started to be subject to International Monetary Fund (IMF) conditions Kim, Dae-Jung (1998-2002) BK21 project started in 1999 to increase the research capacity of universities through large central government subsidies, thus decreasing UIG joint research Roh, Moo-Hyun (2003-2007) Continual promotion of the BK21 and internationalization of R&D, particularly in the academic sector
  9. 9. In response to structural problems coordinating the national research and development (R&D) administration, President Lee Myung-Bak (2008-present) formulated a grand strategy for reforming the Korean R&D system by reorganizing governmental agencies: the new government launched the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) and the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE). While MEST is intended to play a role as key coordinator for incorporating the human resources of education, science and technology for the purpose of national development, MKE has a mission in fostering knowledge-based innovation capacities across the country The effectiveness of government intervention, however, can not be taken for granted. The systems can be expected to have resilience in following their own institutional logic in the case of academia and to be driven by market forces in the case of industry.
  10. 11. Number of papers by Korean authors in the Science Citation Index and bi- and trilateral relations between TH-sectors within the economy
  11. 12. Mutual information in bilateral relations between the TH sectors in Korea
  12. 13. Mutual information in trilateral Triple Helix relations in Korea
  13. 14. dictatorship democratization liberalization globalization
  14. 15. Have changes in government research policies affected longitudinal changes? <ul><li>First, there is the reduction of uncertainty among academic, public, and industrial research actors in the Korean publication system from 1970 to 1990. </li></ul><ul><li>Second, the mutual information among the three TH agencies ( T uig) is relatively stable during the 1990s but begins to decrease over the last ten years. The trend line shows that the TH dynamics of UIG relations have varied considerably; this variation generally accords with changes in Korean government research policies. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Publication patterns in and between TH sectors using the A&HCI Index
  16. 17. Mutual information measured in bilateral relations between TH sectors using the SSCI
  17. 18. Publication rates of Korean papers and synergy effects among TH sectors on the basis of coauthorship relations in the SSCI
  18. 19. Source: Science Citation Index 2000 2002 -70.7 -71.0 -45.3 -54.0 -39.6 -42.5 -32.5 -27.6 -32.8 -82.4 -11.0 -18.0 -28.6 -33.7 -18.9 -67.7 -26.8
  19. 20. Triple Helix on the Web
  20. 21. e-Research tool to collect web-mentions of UIG
  21. 22.
  22. 24. Discussion issues Configurations may constrain the further TH developments at national system level by generating more uncertainty than can be managed by three TH actors - L. Leydesdorff