Asia Triple Helix Society Summer Seminar/Conference Proceedings

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Asia Triple Helix Society Summer Seminar/Conference Proceedings

  1. 1. Asia Triple Helix Society Summer Seminar Date: 25 June2014 Venue: Daegu Exhibition & Convention (EXCO), KOREA
  2. 2. Hosts - The Korean Association for Public Administration (KAPA) (http://www.kapa21.or.kr) Organizers - The Asia Triple Helix Society (ATHS) (http://asia-triplehelix.org/) - National Unification Research Institute of Yeungnam University (http://uni.yu.ac.kr/index.jsp) Sponsors - The IMC (http://www.theimc.co.kr/) - Treum (http://treum.com/) - CyberEmotions Research Center of YeungNam University (http://cerc.yu.ac.kr) - Korea Appraisal Board (http://www.kab.co.kr/) Contact Prof. Han Woo Park at hanpark@ynu.ac.kr Dr. Shin-Il Moon at shinil.moon@gmail.com http://asia-triplehelix.org/ https://www.facebook.com/groups/asiatriplehelix/
  3. 3. Program Overview Panel 1: Social Media, Big Data,& North Korea Chair: Daehyeon Nam (UNIST) Time(incl uding five- minute Q&A) Title Speaker Respondents / Note 10:00 – 10:45 Big Data, Big Brother, and Social Science Professor Ralph Schroeder (Oxford Internet Institute) Keynote Speech 10:45 – 11:10 Understanding Wedge-Driving Rumors Online during a Political Crisis: Insights from Twitter Analyses during South-North Korean Saber Rattling 2013 K. Hazel Kwon, (Arizona State University), C. Chris Bang, (SUNY- Buffalo), &H. R. Rao(SUNY-Buffalo) Yon Soo Lim (HongikUniversity ),&Leo D. Kim (TREUM) 11:10- 11:35 Mapping Interpersonal Risk Communication networks: Some Evidences from Twitter Users in the 2013 North Korea Nuclear Test Kyujin Jung (University of North Texas), &Han Woo Park (YeungNam University) Sungjoon Lee (CheongjuUniversi ty), &Yon Soo Lim (HongikUniversity ) 11:35 – 12:00 The effect of Facebook boredom and anxiety on Facebook discontinuance: A latent variable examination In Ho Cho(YeungnamUniv ersity) Seung-Hwan Jeon (Hannam University),&Jang Hyun Kim (DGIST) 12:00 – 13:30 Lunch Reception (Sponsored) 13:30 – 13:55 Predicting Individual’s Willingness to Self-Censor Political Expression in Online Networked Environment K. Hazel Kwon (Arizona StateUniversity), Shin-Il Moon (Myongji University), &Michael A. Stefanone (SUNY- Buffalo) Haejung Kim (UNT),&Sungjoon Lee (Cheongju University) 13:55 – 14:20 Linking Emergency Management Networks to Disaster Resilience Minsun Song(Florida State University), &Kyujin Jung (University of North Texas), &Richard C. Feiock(Florida State University) Se Jung Park (Georgia State University) Panel 2: Corporate Helix & Entrepreneur University
  4. 4. Chair: Professor Ralph Schroeder (Oxford Internet Institute) 14:20 – 15:05 Big Data and the Triple Helix - a bibliometric perspective Professor Martin Meyer (Kent Business School) Keynote Speech 15:05 – 15:30 Technological Catch-Up and the Role of Universities: South Korea's Innovation-Based Growth Explained through the Corporate Helix Model Myung Hwan Cho (Konkuk University) Martin Meyer (UniversityofKent) , Woo-Sung Jung (POSTECH), &Sung WookChoi (BusanHuman Resources Development Institute) 15:30 – 16:00 Break 16:00- 16:25 Triple Helix Interaction: The Case of Spin-off Firms and the University Marina vanGeenhuizen (Delft, NL), MozdhehTaheri(Delf t, NL), Danny Soetanto(Lancaster, UK), & Qing Ye(Delft, NL) Ki-Seok Kwon (Hanbat National University),Sungso o Hwang(Yeungnam University),&Yon g-Gil Lee (InhaUniversity) 16:25 – 16:50 University-Industry Collaboration Policy in Korea: Public policy implementation and implication, 2003-2013 Mun Su Park(University of SUNY Korea), Tae- Sik Park (National Research Foundation of Korea, NRF), &SeungOukJeong (POSTECH) Pieter Stek (TU Delft), &IlyongJi (KOREATECH) 16:50– 17:15 The More Social Cues, The Less Trolling? An Empirical Study of Online Commenting Behavior Daegon Cho(Pohang University of Science and Technology), &Alessandro Acquisti (Carnegie Mellon University) Nakwon Jung (Seoul Womens University)
  5. 5. Panel: Social Media, Big Data, & North Korea Chair: Daehyeon Nam (UNIST) Keynote speech (duration: 45 Min including Q&A) Professor Ralph Schroeder MSc Programme Director and Senior Research Fellow, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, UK Bio: Ralph Schroeder is Professor and director of the Master's degree in Social Science of the Internet at the Oxford Internet Institute. Before coming to Oxford University, he was Professor in the School of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University in Gothenburg (Sweden).Heis the author of six books, editor and co-editor of four volumes, and has published more than 100 papers on virtual environments, Max Weber, sociology of science and technology, e-Research and other topics. He has been Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator on more than a dozen projects funded by Swedish, UK, EU and US funding bodies.He has interests in virtual environments, social aspects of e-Science, sociology of science and technology, and has written extensively about virtual reality technology. His current research is mainly related to e-science. Big Data, Big Brother, and Social Science <Abstract> The most prominent uses of big data have been in the analysis of social media. A number of studies have analysed social influence, gatekeeping, the spread of information, and the like. This research advances social scientific knowledge in powerful ways, but it behoves us to ask about the consequences. Some have expressed fears about the ability to manipulate behaviour using this research. What this concern overlooks is that the sources of big data are limited: the data are tied to the platforms from which they are derived, and to the uses of these platforms. Once the powerfulness of analysing these sources is exhausted, the ability of advancing knowledge by means of computational tools will also wane. Hence we can also put the manipulations of behaviours into context: they are almost invariably tied to commercial social media, which will use the insights of big data analyses for marketing and the like. Governments, too, may use interactions via social media to shape public behaviour. Social scientists, on the other hand, are primarily interested in advancing knowledge about information and communication behaviours, not influencing it. This argument, which will be supported with a number of social science examples, enables us to reflect critically on the alleged threatening nature of big data – and its limits.
  6. 6. Understanding Wedge-Driving Rumors Online during a Political Crisis: Insights from Twitter Analyses during South-North Korean Saber Rattling 2013 K. Hazel Kwon, Ph.D., Arizona State University C. Chris Bang, M.A., SUNY-Buffalo H. R. Rao, Ph.D., SUNY-Buffalo <Abstract> Whenever an unexpected political crisis happens, citizens are exposed to and generate vast amounts of information, of which a nontrivial portion intends merely to attack or blame others. Unfortunately, it often appeals convincingly to some audiences in spite of its suspicious veracity. Such unverified hateful communication as “wedge-driving (WD)” rumors. Studying WD rumors helps understand social relational structures within a community, the community’s social capital, the source of collective sub-consciousness underlying intergroup hostility, and spontaneous public opinions rather than those predefined by opinion leaders. This study attempts to understand WD rumor characteristics by identifying persuasion strategies, emphasized cultural values, and target individuals/groups, in the context of 2013 North Korea nuclear in South Korea. We take advantages of Twitter data for a few reasons: Popularity of the Twitter service; aggregation of different information sources from a larger web space as well as messages made within the Twitter system; the archival of ephemeral informal communication. We randomly re-sample a few thousand unique tweets from the rank-ordered raw dataset based on retweet popularity, manually code to identify WD rumors, conduct semantic network analysis for systematic representations of narrative structures, and statistically test effects of textual factors on the success of WD rumor propagation. Respondents: Yon Soo Lim (Hongik University), Leo D. Kim (TREUM)
  7. 7. Mapping Interpersonal Risk Communication networks: Some Evidences from Twitter Users in the 2013 North Korea Nuclear Test Kyujin Jung (Dept. of Public Administration, University of North Texas) Han Woo Park (Dept. of Media & Communication, YeungNam University) <Abstract> In the era of Web 2.0, managing risk communication on social networking sites has increasingly become crucial and complicated issues in the field of homeland security. The response to the 2013 nuclear test in North Korea was largely based on a coordinated effort by Korea’s Ministry of Defense, the United Nations, and many countries from around the globe. By analyzing risk communication networks emerged from Twitter users for the period from January 30 to February 24, 2013, this study investigates the way in which citizens’ risk communication is formulated through social media and how they transmit risk information in homeland security. Analysis results show the dynamic evolution of risk communication networks based on influential actors with critical information who played pivotal roles in distributing this information to other actors. Respondents: Sungjoon Lee (Cheongju University), Yon Soo Lim (Hongik University)
  8. 8. The effect of Facebook boredom and anxiety on Facebook discontinuance : A latent variable examination. In Ho Cho (Ph.D., Dept. of Media & Communication, Yeungnam University) Respondents:Seung-HwanJeon (Hannam University),Jang Hyun Kim (DGIST)
  9. 9. Predicting Individual’s Willingness to Self-Censor Political Expression in Online Networked Environment K. Hazel Kwon, Assistant Professor, Arizona State University Shin-Il Moon* (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Myongji University Michael A. Stefanone, Associate Professor, SUNY-Buffalo <Abstract> The aim of this study is to explore online social network exposure effects on predicting individual’s willingness to self-censor political expression (WTSC) and political posting behaviors. The Spiral of Silence theory is applied to the online social network context wherein three major network characteristics are highlighted including reduced privacy, integration of multiple social context/relationships, and increased probability of unanticipated exposure to different opinions. The discussion leads us to propose three possible network effects—fear of isolation from multiplexed social relationships, incongruence exposure, and diversity exposure—on WTSC and posting behaviors. Results suggest that diversity exposure is positively associated with WTSC, which in turn is associated with political posting behavior online. Interestingly, while fear of isolation from offline contacts increases WTSC, it has a positive association with actual posting behaviors. We speculate to what extent the social conformity proposition of the SOS theory should persist online, and call for further exploration of informational influence as conceptually distinct from normative influence. Respondents: Haejung Kim (UNT),&Sungjoon Lee (Cheongju University)
  10. 10. Linking Emergency Management Networks to Disaster Resilience Minsun Song, PhD Candidate The Askew School of Public Administration and Policy Florida State University Kyujin Jung, PhD Candidate The Department of Public Administration and Management University of North Texas Richard C. Feiock, the Augustus B. Turnbull Professor & the Jerry Collins Eminent Scholar Director, Local Governance Research Lab FSU Sustainable Energy & Governance Center The Askew School, Florida State University <Abstract> A few scholars have investigated the nature of organizational resilience, but extant research has not examined various network strategies within hierarchical and horizontal collaboration structures. The question of how the structural arrangements for collaboration within emergency management networks influence disaster resilience remains unanswered. This study begins to fill this lacuna by analyzing a bonding and bridging strategy for interorganizational collaboration to determine how these patterns of organizational relations might enhance the level of organizational resilience in each hierarchical and horizontal emergency management network. Bonding strategies highlight the importance of trust and information redundancy to emergency preparedness and response. Bridging strategies capture the tendency for local actors to seek partners to obtain crucial information and resources across the region. The results support the study hypothesis that bridging strategies in hierarchical emergency management networks have a positive effect on the level of organizational resilience. Neither type of network strategy influenced resilience in horizontal network structures. The statistical results confirm that the coordinating role of the national and provincial governments is critical to the building of a resilient community in terms of interorganizational collaboration, and demonstrate the steering role of the national and provincial governments with regard to resilience. Respondents: Se Jung Park (Georgia State University)
  11. 11. Panel: Corporate Helix & Entrepreneur University Chair: Professor Ralph Schroeder Keynote speech (duration: 45 Min including Q&A) Professor Martin Meyer Kent Business School, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7PE, United Kingdom m.s.meyer@kent.ac.uk Bio: Martin Meyer is Director of School, and Professor of Business & Innovation at Kent Business School. He studied business, economics and sociology at the Universities of Dortmund (Germany), Uppsala (Sweden) and holds a D.Phil. in Science and Technology Studies which he obtained from SPRU at the University of Sussex. Martin also worked in the private sector, for RAND Europe and Technopolis Group. Professor Meyer is well known for his work on science, technology and innovation as well as the Triple Helix on university- industry-government relations. He holds visiting appointments at the Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, the Centre for Research & Development Monitoring at KatholiekeUniversiteit Leuven, and SC-Research at the University of Vaasa.He joined Kent Business School recently from the University of Sussex where he was the Deputy Head of the School of Business, Management and Economics as well as the founding Head of the Department of Business and Management. Prior to this, Martin held positions at KatholiekeUniversiteit Leuven (Belgium), Helsinki University of Technology - now Aalto University (Finland), the Finnish Institute for Enterprise Management, and Linköping University (Sweden). Big Data and the Triple Helix - a bibliometric perspective <Abstract> Big data has become the buzz word in recent years. This presentation will present a bibliometric approach to the topic. We analyze the emergent literature in the field. Our analysis will offer a general overview of developments and then zoom infocusing on areas of particular interest. Big data is a topic that is of interest to a multitude of players, be it government or industry, academics or the public at large. In our analysis we will explore whether publication activity in certain domains are focused on particular themes. The presentation concludes with an outlook as to what strongly emergent topics are and explore the extent to which big data related themes have become visible in scholarly debates.
  12. 12. Technological Catch-Up and the Role of Universities: South Korea's Innovation-Based Growth Explained through the Corporate Helix Model Myung Hwan Cho, Ph.D, MPA Department of Biological Sciences College of Bioscience and Biotechnology Konkuk University Seoul 143-701, Republic of Korea <Abstract> Linkages between industry and university have become crucial for knowledge discovery and driving industrialization within fast-paced global competition and technological evolution. Studies have often ignored the evolving of universities from an ivory tower to an entrepreneurial university in the triple helix context of a nation’s technological catch-up to innovation-based growth, especially in developing countries. This paper illustrates the transitioning of Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) and Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) to become entrepreneurial universities through the Corporate Helix Model, where this transformation is made possible by the industry before the university becomes independent in the triple network interactions between university- industry-government. POSTECH and SKKU demonstrated divergent routes but convergent outcomes in technological catch-up during the double helix formation stage. POSTECH has been one of the top science-technology universities in Asia through the relationship triad it shares with industry and government after being established by POSCO. SKKU has become one of the top schools in South Korea while interacting closely with industry and government to cultivate the efficacy of South Korea’s national innovation system as a result of its acquisition and intensive investment from Samsung for almost over two decades. The Corporate Helix model takes into account the university which lacks the resources and capability to become entrepreneurial and to participate in a nation’s technological catch-up to innovation-based growth. The cases of POSTECH and SKKU illustrate that a university can be established or acquired by the industry and through this partnership undergo transformation to become entrepreneurial. Keywords: Triple-Helix, Corporate-Helix, University, Industry, Government, POSCO, Samsung, POSTECH, SKKU Respondents: Martin Meyer (University of Kent), Woo-Sung Jung (POSTECH), Sung Wook Choi (Busan Human Resources Development Institute)
  13. 13. Triple Helix Interaction: Importance of Spin-off Firms’ Networks and the University as Partner Marina van Geenhuizen, Professor of Innovation and Innovation Policy, TU Delft, The Netherlands MozdhehTaheri PhD, researcher, TU Delft, The Netherlands Danny Soetanto PhD, researcher at University of Lancashire, Lancaster, UK Qing Ye, TU Delft, The Netherlands <Abstract> In the European Union, academic spin-off firms are seen as an important channel for bringing academic knowledge to market and for improving the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the region. Their contribution to regional employment creation, however, seems to lag behind expectations, because most spin-offs do not grow or do not grow substantially. From research on networks, it is well known that small firms attract resources and develop capabilities in networking with partners that provide some of the resources enabling growth.Against this background, we first explore how important networks are in the growth of spin-off firms, and secondly we explore the importance of the relationships with the major Triple Helix partner, namely the university. The study draws on a sample of about 100 spin-off firms in Norway and in the Netherlands. The paper is structured as follows. First, the specific character of the national innovation system in the Netherlands and Norway is introduced using various indicators. This is followed by some theory on networkingthat helps us to understand the role of the actual networks in building entrepreneurial capabilities and attract resources by spin-off firms, aside from the starting team. In the empirical part, we estimate the importance of networks in spin- offs’ growth and specifically the importance of the university in disclosing opportunities for R&D in spin-off firms. The paper closes with some conclusions and avenues for future research. Key words: spin-off firms, networks, entrepreneurial teams, university relationships, growth, the Netherland, Norway. Respondents: Ki-Seok Kwon (Hanbat National University), Sungsoo Hwang (Yeungnam University), Yong-Gil Lee (Inha University)
  14. 14. University-Industry Collaboration Policy in Korea: Public policy implementation and implication, 2003-2013 Mun Su Park (Dept. of Technology & Society, University of SUNY Korea, The State University of New York) Tae-Sik Park (National Research Foundation of Korea, NRF) SeungOukJeong, Senior Staff Researcher at POSTECH(POSCO Liaison Center) <Abstract> This research has a purpose of reviewing the success of UIC and proposing new direction of future UIC policy. Especially, it focuses on suggesting future progress result and evaluates government’s UIC policy progress result. Society organizes open innovation system, realizes the importance of UIC, and puts efforts into economic development. To contribute to economic development and social innovation through scientific technology, each department is in the process of promoting varied UIC policy. Universities contribute to accord with demand in industrial world trend, and they perform various UIC activities including research and education. Also, UIC is a major element in structure of technology, innovation system, education region, and etc. Current trend tends to more focus on UIC linkage. Even though the importance of UIC increases, it’s still fact that UIC’s settlement and proliferation is weak and hard. Promotion of UIC localized phenomenon in Korea. To promote UIC, advanced countries try all sorts of inducement policy. In 1980, UICpromotion systems appeared in US after ‘Bayh-Dole ACT.’ Various legal systems for cooperation study settled down, and it led promotion in UIC. These transition influenced on new eco-system in the American Universities supervise their own venture business, and it forms UIC System centrally in private and state Universities. Since Korea established Industrial Education Promotion Act in 1963, Korea constructed UIC‘s institutional framework under reformation of UIC law.Since last 10 years, this research has focused on evaluating government’s UICpolicy and proposing future direction of improvement. Respondents: Pieter Stek (TU Delft), IlyongJi (KOREATECH)
  15. 15. The More Social Cues, The Less Trolling? An Empirical Study of Online Commenting Behavior Daegon Cho (Pohang University of Science and Technology) Alessandro Acquisti (Carnegie Mellon University) <Abstract> We investigate how online commenting behavior is affected by different degrees of commenters' anonymity and identifiability. We focus on commenters' likelihood of using offensive language as function of their endogenous choice to post comments on news sites using accounts not associated with social networking sites, pseudonymous accounts associated with social networking sites, or real name accounts associated with social networking sites. We construct a model that accounts for commenters' choice of an account type and their subsequent likelihood of including offensive language in comments. Using bivariate probit estimation to account for endogeneity, we apply the model to a unique set of data consisting of over 75,000 comments attached to news stories collected from a variety of South Korean news sites. We find that usage of accounts from social networking sites is associated with lower occurrence of offensive language in commenting, relative to usage of accounts not linked to social networking sites. Furthermore, we find that the usage of real name accounts is associated with lower occurrence of offensive language relative to usage of pseudonym accounts. Respondents: Nakwon Jung (Seoul Womens University)

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