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Temple of literature hanoi

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Temple of literature hanoi

  1. 1. HANOI TOURIST ONLINE Add: 9 Hàng Thùng – Hoàn Kiếm – Hà Nội Email : info.hanoitouristonline@gmail.com Website: http://www.hanoitouristonline.com================ **************************************** =============Temple of Literature HanoiThe Temple of Literature (Van Mieu) is a pleasant retreat from the streets of Hanoi. It was founded in 1070 by Emperor Ly Thanh Tong,who dedicated it to Confucius (in Vietnamese, Khong Tu) in order to honour scholars and men of literary accomplishment.The temple constitutes a rare example of well-preserved traditional Vietnamese architecture and is well worth a visit.Vietnam’s first university was established here in 1076 to educate the sons of mandarins. In 1484 Emperor Le Thanh Tong ordered thatstelae be erected in the temple premises recording the names, places of birth and achievements of men who received doctorates in eachtriennial examination, commencing in 1442. Though 116 examinations were held between 1442 and 1778, when the practice wasdiscontinued, only 82 stelae are extant. In 1802 Emperor Gia Long transferred the National University to his new capital, Hue; Majorrenovations were carried out here in 1920 and 1956.The Temple of Literature is made up of five separate courtyards divided by walls. The central pathways and gates between them werereserved for the king. The walkways on one side were solely for the use or administrative mandarins; while those on the other side werefor military mandarins.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Add: No 9, Hang Thung str, Hoan Kiem dist, HanoiMobile : Mr Hướng ( Tony Hawk ) 0914.258.053 or 0985.945.101Yahoo: hanoitouronline ; Skype : hawkhuongE-mail : info.hanoitouristonline@gmail.com – website: hanoitouristonline.com
  2. 2. HANOI TOURIST ONLINE Add: 9 Hàng Thùng – Hoàn Kiếm – Hà Nội Email : info.hanoitouristonline@gmail.com Website: http://www.hanoitouristonline.com================ **************************************** =============The main entrance is preceded by a gate on which an inscription requests that visitors dismount their horses before entering. Kim’: VanPavilion, at the far side of the second courtyard, was constructed in 1802 and is a fine example of Vietnamese architecture. The 82 stelae,considered the most precious arte facts in the temple, are arrayed to either side of the third enclosure; each one sits on a stone tortoise.The Temple or Literature is 2km west or Hoan Kiem Lake (see Central Hanoi map). The complex, which is 350m by 70m, is bounded byPho Nguyen Thai Hoc, Pho Ton Duc Thang, Pho Quoc Tu Giarn and Pho Van Mieu. Enter from Pho Quoc Tu Giam. It is open Tuesday toSunday from 7.30 to 6 pm (8 am to 5 pm from November to March); the entrance fee is 12,000d (US$0.85).If you’re looking for a great place to eat near this site, try Koto; just across the road on Pho Van Mieu (see Places to eat later in thischapter).------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Add: No 9, Hang Thung str, Hoan Kiem dist, HanoiMobile : Mr Hướng ( Tony Hawk ) 0914.258.053 or 0985.945.101Yahoo: hanoitouronline ; Skype : hawkhuongE-mail : info.hanoitouristonline@gmail.com – website: hanoitouristonline.com

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