Dvp read skill k-12(


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Dvp read skill k-12(

  1. 1. Developing Lear ner s’READING Skill (K-12) Hanadi Mirza Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  2. 2. Problems with MY Readers Nat [b] Tap [k] (KG 3) Sunday = Day of the Sun (Gr. 3) Major vs. minor characters (Bacc II) The boys having bags are in class. Having is singular or plural? (univ. 1st yr) Graded readers are written in narrative style. (univ. 2nd/3rd yr) * Copy/Paste Social /Fair / Bear / VocaPulary (univ.) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  3. 3. Part I - Overview on How to Teach Reading in KGs, Elementary, and Cycles 3 8 4 (A comparative Approach)Part II - Group Work: sharing problems teachers face with their readers and suggesting solutions Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  4. 4. Natural Language DevelopmentL Listening PianoS Speaking ViolinR Reading DrumsW Writing Flute Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  5. 5. Reading ProcessReading = Decoding (category)Reading Comp= Decoding + EncodingREAD Aloud  Pronunciation + IntonationREAD Silently  Comprehension Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  6. 6. 1.1- Communicate with others observingrules appropriate to own level NCERD KG 1 (L + S) KG 2 (L+ S+ R) KG 3 (L+ S +R +W)-Listen to what is Listen to what is Listen to what isheard.-Apply some heard.Apply heard.-Followinstructions given instructions given by instructions &interactby others.-Express others.Express needs with the urgings ofneeds with various with various others -Express needsmethods.-Express methods.Express what with various methods.- methods.what he himself is he/she or others are Express what he ordoing.-Take doing.-Apply rules of others are doing.-Applinitiative in communication during rules of communicatiospeaking to dialog.Take initiative in during dialog Takeothers. speaking initiative in speaking and discussing with Hanadi Mirza others . hanadym@hotmail.com
  7. 7. The 5 Elements of Reading L S  R  WI- Phonemic Awareness  Identifying soundsII- Phonics Reading soundsIII- Vocabulary  Meaning MakingIV- Fluency & Accuracy while DecodingV- Comprehension Read TO Comprehend i.e. Answer in OWN Words i.e. Paraphrase Answer Writing  Identify Sounds then Write Letters Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  8. 8. I- Phonemic Awareness (KGs)1- Rhyming words 2- Sounds within words a) Beginning sounds b ) Ending Sounds) c) Middle sounds3- Sound Blending (sounds into a word)4- Sound Segmenting (a word into sounds)5- Words within sentences6- Syllables within words Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  9. 9. II- Phonics (KG2 & KG3)SOUND of a letter NOT Writing Process of translating written words into speech Letter Reading NOT Writing - Sound blending - Word Building - Connect sounds to word Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  10. 10. Phonics1) m M ABCDEFGHI….2) m + a = ma e + d = ed ma + n = man b + ed = bed3) cat = c + at ca + t4) hat pen can dog mat red bed sat Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  11. 11. 3- Vocabulary (KGs) Learn 2000-4000 new words per grade level  Pre-teach Vocab 1- Meaning of q word: - Using Meaning prompts - Using Visual prompts (Pictures & Realia)- Acting out a Word- Using Multiple Prompts - Using Relations between words: synonyms, antonym, prefixes, roots …2 – Application- Guessing Games / Acting out- Put a word in a meaningfulHanadi Mirza sentence hanadym@hotmail.com
  12. 12. Pre-Teach Vocab (Cycles 1 & 2) 1- Meaning from Context Clues:  Definition / Synonym / Antonym (Part of Speech)  Word Formation using Prefixes & Suffixes  Dictionary Skills – Spelling Rules - Dictation 2- Application/Review:  Guessing Games using Pictures / Realia  Acting out the word / Cross Puzzle Words  Put a word in a meaningful sentence (Cycle 1)  Write a (narrative) paragraph using the following 5 words: … (Cycle 2) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  13. 13. Vocabulary (Cycles 3 & 4)  During Reading1- Meaning IN Context: Find a word/expression in the text that means … using the context clues of the text itself2- Application: Write a persuasive essay arguing with or against the law of banning smoking in public places in Lebanon. (Lexis & Spelling) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  14. 14. IV- Fluency & Accuracy while Decoding (follow with finger / ruler)My dog is in the red box. (KG)Four people are waiting in front of the police stations. (Cycle 2) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  15. 15. Poor Pronunciation  NO Comprehension Using Simplified PhoneticsPeople [pypl] police [polys]food [fooood] purpose [p ərps] Schwa [ ə ]  [euh] sound BBC / CNN / Online Phonetics / Google... Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  16. 16. Spelling vs Pronunciation Psychology (ps--) [saykolə djy] Pneumonia (pn--) [nəmonia] Climbing, comb, lamb, bomb (--mb)  [klayming], [kom], [lèm], [bám] Calm, Palm (--l m) [kám] , [pám] Folk , Folktale (-- l k)  [fok] , [fokteyl] Vegetable [ve dj təbl] Comfortable [kámftəbl] Government (nm) [gavərmənt] Suggest, Suggestion [sag djəst], [sagdjəstshən] People, Apple [pypəl], [ápəl] Sensual , Sensuality [sənshəwəl] , [sənshəwality] Nation, Nationality [neyshən], [nashənality] Social , Beautiful [soshəl] , [byurəfəl] Original but Originally [oridjinəl] but [oridjənly] Actually [aktshəly] Say but Says [sey] but [sèz] Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  17. 17. Spelling vs. Pronunciation (continued) Determine but Mine [ditərmən] but [mayn] Examine→ [əgzámin] Seduce but Seduction [sidýous] but [sidakshən] Appreciate [aprishiyeyt] Result, Adult → [rizált] , [ədált] World, Work, Word, War [wərld], [wərk], [wərd], [wor] July, Major [djoulay] , [meydjər] Children, Church [tshildrən], [tshərtsh] Pleasure , Pleasurable bur Leisure [plejər] , [plejrəbl] / [lyjər] Write/Written, Hide/Hidden  [rayt] / [ritən] , [hayd] /[hidən] Teacher [tytshər] Doctor, Dollars [daktər] , [dálərz] Cat, Cup, Color: (c)  [k] [Kat] , [Kap] , [kalər] Circus, Ceremony: (c)  [s] [sərkəs] , [sərəmony] Gallery, Go, Gut: (g)  [g] [galəry] , [go] , [gat] Giraffe, Generous: (g)  [dj] [djiraf] , [djənərəs] Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  18. 18. (continued) The + any letter EXCEPT (a/e/i/o/u) →[o‫ ]ﺫ‬never [za] Although , Thunder, Thumb→ [ol‫ ﺫ‬o] , [thándər] , [thám] Thank You [thánk] Never [sank] You The +a pple/ e lephant/ i sland/ o range/ u mbrella→ [‫ ] ﺫﻱ‬never [o‫ ]ﺫ‬nor [zi] The + eu ropean, u nited the+[you] (as 1st sound) [o ‫ ]ﺫ‬NOT [za] Use the [yous] but I/you [youz] Process but processes → [prósəs] but [prosəsyz] Woman but women → [woumən] but [wymin] Police , Policeman [polys] .[polysmən] Symptom→ (--m p) [simtəm] Wanted / Added / Promised / Grinned  [wantid] , [ádid] , [promist] , [grind] Battles, Flags / Groups, Mats Kisses, Churches,—> [bátəlz] , [flágz] / [groups] , [máts] / [kisəz] , [tshərtshəz] Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  19. 19. VOICED & VOICELESS SOUNDS Past Tense of Regular Verbs (-ed)  [- id] , [-t] , or [-d] ? [-t] & [-d] + [-id] / Vd + [-d] / vl + [-t] Created , Needed / Proved / Fixed Plural Form of Nouns (-s)  [-z] or [-s] or [-əz] ? vd + [-z] / vl + [-s] / -ch, -sh, -ss, -x + [- əz] Boys, girls / cats, lin ks / classes, foxes Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  20. 20. V- Reading ComprehensionRead for a PURPOSE:- Read for the Gist (main idea)- Read for Specific Info- Read for Details (intensive / inferential Reading) Develop Schemata for Story Reading / Other GenresReading Strategies: | Reading Skills:- Predicting a) Skimming- Questioning b) Scanning- Clarifying- Summarizing Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  21. 21. Reading Comprehension (KGs)1) Cover page a- Title/Picture / Author /Illustrator (Graphic Organizer) b- Predict story from Title & Picture 2) Picture Walk using Reading Strategies 3) Retell story using Pictures 4) Decode words with the help of pictures 5) Using Reading Strategies to check students’ comprehension of the written text 6) Summarize the story using pictures to check comprehension of the story itself Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  22. 22. Reading Comp. (Cycles 1 & 2) 1- Pre-Reading Stage Warm-up (Discussion) Pre-Teach Vocab Predict Story from Title/Pictures 2- During Reading Stage (Silent Reading) Answer Factual THEN Analytical Questions Fill in the Story Map / Chart/ Table…. 3- Post-Reading Stage Summarize the Story / Text Read Aloud  Pronunciation + Intonation Connect: R-W / R-S / R- Drawing / …. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  23. 23. Reading Comp. (Cycles 3 & 4) How to Save Time?1- Read Questions (Purpose) + Reformulate Q’s2- Read the text to find the answer to each Q’s Multiple-Choice Questions: (STRATEGY) 1- Read the Stem without the Distracters (A/B/C/D) 2- Understand the question (Reformulation) 3- Read the text to find the answer to Question 4- Eliminate the wrong choices 5- Double check if he right choice = paraphrase of the answer found in the text Hanadi Mirza the distracter hanadym@hotmail.com
  24. 24. Make a Difference In Your Readers’ Future Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.comwww.hanadimirza.blogspot.com www.atel-lb.org Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com