AACE Global Learn 2011


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AACE Global Learn 2011

  1. 1. Educating Teachers for the Knowledge Society Social Media, Authentic Learning & Communities of Practice Hanna Teräs & Marjatta Myllylä Tampere University of Applied Sciences / School of Vocational Teacher Education Finland Image: andy.wolfThursday, March 31, 2011
  2. 2. What is this presentation about? • Why is a new approach to teacher education needed? • What are 21st century skills and how to teach them? • What is our teacher training program like? • How have we combined inquiry-based learning, authentic learning principles and social media? • What have we achieved with it? Image: maxroucoolThursday, March 31, 2011
  3. 3. The time of individual performances is over.Thursday, March 31, 2011
  4. 4. We live in a global, networked knowledge society.Thursday, March 31, 2011
  5. 5. 21st Century Skills what are professionals of today made of? • Core competencies of the knowledge society expert, independent of subject matter • Numerous definitions, e.g Trilling & Fadel (2009): 21st Century Skills - Learning for Life in Our Times Image: Seier & SeierThursday, March 31, 2011
  6. 6. Learning and innovation skills • Critical thinking • Problem solving skills • Collaboration • Creativity and innovativeness Image: theonlyone (Flickr)Thursday, March 31, 2011
  7. 7. Image: Cristobal Cobo Romani Digital literacies: media (More advanced than e-mail.) literacy and ICT skillsThursday, March 31, 2011
  8. 8. Career and life skills • Flexibility • Adaptability • Initiative • Social skills • Intercultural skills • ResponsibilityThursday, March 31, 2011
  9. 9. But...how can I teach these?Thursday, March 31, 2011
  10. 10. You can’t. These skills can only be acquired when the learning environment supports their acquisition and rewards from it. (Ruohotie 2002)Thursday, March 31, 2011
  11. 11. Mission: help teachers acquire 21st century skills and build a knowledge society professional identity Ongoing dialogic Open, social media assessment - no environments exams New approach Principles of authentic to teacher Team learning learning education and facilitation Inquiry-based Networking learningThursday, March 31, 2011
  12. 12. Authentic context • Non-linear: beware of oversimplification! • Second Life instead of LMS: less control, more surprises -> more like real life • Helping the students to cope with complexity rather than making it too simple Image: vgm8383Thursday, March 31, 2011
  13. 13. Image: Bodum Authentic tasks • Real-life relevance • Ill-formed and complex - students won’t love them! • Inquiry-based learning: defining one’s own goals and questions • Using students’ own work as a starting-pointThursday, March 31, 2011
  14. 14. Access to expert performances • Second Life: observing expert teachers worldwide, e.g. Harvard • Networking and social media: significantly vaster scope of expertise available. Image: Destiny’s AgentThursday, March 31, 2011
  15. 15. Image: Brian Hatchcock Inquiry-based learning + social media collaboration tools = multiple perspectives Linear format offers inadequate experience in complex problem solving!Thursday, March 31, 2011
  16. 16. Collaborative knowledge construction • Team learning. • Central element in inquiry- based learning: a reflective process on individual and collaborative level. • 3D worlds proved to be effective in collaborative knowledge construction in distant learning: sense of community facilitates team work.Thursday, March 31, 2011
  17. 17. Image: Minette Layne Social media offers versatile tools for Reflection Blogging about the observations and experiences gained e.g. in Second Life Assess one’s action and skills, relate new skills to previous knowledge, attend to feelings, learn from othersThursday, March 31, 2011
  18. 18. Blogging offers a channel of articulation to enable tacit knowledge to become more explicit Online discussion: ideas are visible for everyone, available for discussion and further development... the thinking processes of learners are displayed, enabling individual & collaborative reflection Image: Robert HigginsThursday, March 31, 2011
  19. 19. Image: James F Clay Image: Bernzilla An aspect SL students value most is the Scaffolding and coaching are vital elements of authentic learning. participation, presence and A common feature of a traditional LMS-based support of the teacher. course is the absence of a teacher.Thursday, March 31, 2011
  20. 20. Many e-learning courses use conventional assessment methods. Higher education assessment still largely measures relatively easily acquired cognitive skills: remembering, understanding and applying, instead of analyzing, evaluating and creating. image: william & mary law library These methods assess individual performance and focus on competition Image: ccarlstead rather than collaboration.Thursday, March 31, 2011
  21. 21. Image: clairity Ongoing, dialogic enables dialogic reflection, produces new, contextual assessment understandingThursday, March 31, 2011
  22. 22. What is a good teacher like? • Competence is historically and socially defined -> interplay with experience. • Experience that doesn’t fit the current practice of the community -> learning takes place. (Wenger) • Need to shake the practices and mental models, give new experiences, offer plenty of opportunity for sharing & discussion.Thursday, March 31, 2011
  23. 23. Why do this with the help of Second Life? • Interacting in virtual worlds broaden worldviews and provide access to alternative viewpoints (Steinkuhler & Williams 2006) • Increased awareness of one’s own and others’ perspectives (Jarmon et al 2009) • Experiences in VW have affect attitudes and behaviors irl (Kapp & Driscoll 2010): beware with classroom simulations!!Thursday, March 31, 2011
  24. 24. What are the results? Global networking Openness andwith the help of social defining one’s goals: media creative solutions and innovative methods Team learning and dialogue: diversity and shared expertise Freedom of choice in one’s learning New conception of path and working expertise and methods: initiative teacher’s work Kuva: Ruff Life (Flickr) and self-direction Collaborative knowledge construction: from consumers of knowledge to co-creators Thursday, March 31, 2011
  25. 25. Thank you! hanna.teras@tamk.fi hannateras.comThursday, March 31, 2011