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Recovered file 1

  1. 1. Film Industry ProcessHannah Knipe
  2. 2. ProducerProducers prepare and then supervise the making of a film before presenting theproduct to a financing entity or a film distributor. They might be employed by afilm studio or be independent, yet either way they helm the creative people aswell as the accounting personnel.Unless the film is supposed to be based on an original script, the producer has tofind an appropriate screenwriter. If an existing script is considered flawed, theyare able to order a new version or make the decision to hire a script doctor.Producers cant always personally supervise all parts of their production. Thereasons are many. For example some producers run a company which also dealswith film distribution. Also cast and film crew often work at different times andplaces and certain films even require a second unit. Consequently it is normalthat the main producer will appoint executive producers, line producers or unitproduction managers who represent the main producers interests.Among other things the producer has the last word on whether sounds or musichave to be changed or scenes have to be looped. But even if the shooting hasofficially been finished, the producers can still demand that additional scenes arefilmed after all.
  3. 3. Director• A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. Generally, a film director controlsa films artistic and dramatic aspects, and visualizes the script while guiding the technicalcrew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision.• Film directors create an "overall vision" through which a film gets eventually "born”. Realizingthis vision includes to oversee "the cinematography and the technical aspects" as well asdirecting the shooting timetable and meeting deadlines. This means organizing "the arrayof people working under him on how to best capture his artistic vision for the film”. Thisrequires "good leadership and motivational skills" as well as "the ability to stay calm instressful situations”. Moreover it is necessary to have "an artistic eye to frame shots" and togive precise feedback to cast and crew. Subsequently excellent communication skills are amust.• Since he depends on a successful cooperation of a lot of different creative individuals withpossibly strongly contradicting artistic ideals and visions, he also needs "to be a diplomat" inorder mediate whenever necessary. Thus he makes sure all assembled talent "blends into asingle consciousness”. The set of varying challenges he has to tackle have been described as"a multi-dimensional jigsaw puzzle with egos and weather thrown in for good measure”. Itadds to the pressure that the success of a film can influence when and how they will workagain. Always omnipresent are the boundaries of his budget. He might also have to ensure anintended age rating. Theoretically the director has "to answer only to executive producers”.Still a "real-life brawl" between a film director and an actor can possibly cause that the filmdirector gets fired if the actor is a major film star. Even so, "from the first day ofbrainstorming to the final release" directors often spend more working hours on films than"any actor, technician, or editor" and consequently the profession can be "physically,mentally, and emotionally draining”. It has been said that "20-hour days are not unusual”.
  4. 4. Marketing• Marketing is the most important role in the film production process. Theproducer and director try to get as many well known cast members asthey can to make the film become a hit.• By having well known actors and actresses in their films, then theproducer will assume that people will want to see the film even more. Forexample, with the ‘Iron Man’ films. Because the producer has used RobertDowney Jr. as the main character, females and also males, feel moreattracted to that film as he is a well known and brilliant actor.• The main target audience that I have found that directors try to aim for isthe 15-30 age band. This is because at these ages, people like to watchhorror, action, comedies and romantic films. By choosing one of thosegenres, you have a higher possibility of getting more money at the boxoffice.
  5. 5. BudgetsThere are mnay different ways to fund and budget:Television, British films would go to TV Channels such as BBC, Channel 4 ITV etc.Indie (indepenedent films) would look to having between 5-10 invest into there filmto enabling them to get the funding they need for the film.Foreign investment, where companies will get funding from a different country.Regions, companies will get fundiong for there films from specific company regions.Hollywood, this is where the big well known films go to the US Stduios such asDisney, Universal and Warner Bros to get there funding.The budget is divided into 2. The catergories are above the line and below the line,such as scriptwriters, cast, team, directors, actors, researchers, cast and crew.Below the line it pays for the people who put the shoots together, schedules, design,shots each day, make up artists and production teams.
  6. 6. Pre-Production• In filmmaking and video production, pre-production formallybegins once a project has been green lit. At this stage, finalizingpreparations for production go into effect. Financing will generallybe confirmed and many of the key elements such as principal castmembers, director and cinematographer are set. By the endof pre-production, the screenplay is hopefully finalized andsatisfactory to all the financiers and other stakeholders.• During pre-production, the script is broken down into individualscenes and all the locations, props, cast members, costumes, specialeffects and visual effects are identified. An extremely detailedschedule is produced and arrangements are made for the necessaryelements to be available to the film-makers at the appropriatetimes. Sets are constructed, the crew is hired, financialarrangements are put in place and a start date for the beginningof principal photography is set.
  7. 7. Production• In production, the video production/film is created and shot. More crew will berecruited at this stage, such as the property master, script supervisor, assistantdirectors, stills photographer, picture editor, and sound editors. These are just themost common roles in filmmaking; the production office will be free to create anyunique blend of roles to suit the various responsibilities possible during theproduction of a film.• A typical days shooting begins with the crew arriving on the set/location by theircall time. Actors usually have their own separate call times. Since set construction,dressing and lighting can take many hours or even days, they are often set up inadvance.• The grip, electric and production design crews are typically a step ahead of thecamera and sound departments: for efficiencys sake, while a scene is beingfilmed, they are already preparing the next one.• While the crew prepare their equipment, the actors are changing intotheir costumes and attend the hair and make-up departments. The actors rehearsethe script and blocking with the director, and the camera and sound crewsrehearse with them and make final tweaks. Finally, the action is shot in as manytakes as the director wishes.
  8. 8. Post Production• Here the video/film is assembled by the video/film editor. The shotfilm material is edited. The production sound (dialogue) is alsoedited; music tracks and songs are composed and recorded if a filmis sought to have a score; sound effects are designed and recorded.Any computer-graphic visual effects are digitally added. Finally, allsound elements are mixed into "stems", which are then married topicture, and the film is fully completed ("locked").
  9. 9. Reviews• Reviews are the most important thing to the film making process. This isbecause the actors and film making crew are then either praised or slatedfor their efforts in the making of the film.• Also, a star rating is what the companies look out for. If it has a high starrating, the the film will be more likely to be seen by many people.