Rocketry
Dan Wilkins
Basic Principles
Operating Principal
Newton’s third law of motion:
“For every action there is an equal
and opposite reaction.”
A rocket is ...
Liquid Fueled Rocket - Operating Principal
Thrust: amount depends on mass flow through
engine and exit velocity of gas
Solid Fuel Rocket - Operating Principal
• Fuel and oxidizer packed together in solid cylinder
• Will not burn until heat i...
History
History
• 1st century A.D. fireworks
• 1232 first use as weapon of war
• 13th - 15th centuries much experimenting and impr...
China!
First used as weapon of war (1232 AD)
“And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.”
- Fra...
History - Modern Rocketry
• 1898 Space exploration by rocket
proposed by writers
• Early 20th century Goddard’s experiments
liquid-propelled rockets
• Early 20th century German Rocket Clubs formed
1941 - 1945 German build first
large-scale rockets
during World War
1945 - Today Development of
guided rockets
continues…..
Spaceflight Begins
• October 4, 1957 Sputnik I
• January 31, 1958 Explorer I
• April 12, 1961 Gagarin first man to orbit
E...
“We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy,
but because they are hard,...
Sputnik!
Wait a minute, this guy is…?
Yuri Gagarin became the first human being in space on
12th April 1961 when he flew aboard Vostok from
Baikonur cosmodrome ...
John Glenn – First American in orbit
Atlas!
The Space Shuttle
STS!
Hubble!
Launch Failures
My Favorite Launch Failure
The Future of Rocketry
2004 “Spaceship One”
2004 “Spaceship One” Launch
2004 “Spaceship One” In Fight
2004 “Spaceship One” View
2004 “Spaceship One” Landing
Commercial Space Travel
SpaceX Dragon Spacecraft
Orbital Sciences “Antares”
Blue Origin Vehicle
Rocketry briefing
Rocketry briefing
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Rocketry briefing

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History and science behind rockets

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  • http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/rocketry/04.html
    In 1232 AD the Chinese used rockets against the Mongols who were besieging the city of Kai-fung-fu. An arrow
    with a tube of gunpowder produced an arrow of flying fire. (Reproduced from a painting by Charles Hubbell and
    presented here courtesy of TRW Inc.and Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio)
  • http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/rocketry/34.html
    The Army Ballistic Missile Agency incorporated the Von Braun team in key positions with Dr. Von Braun as
    head of the Development Operations Division. On October 4, 1957, the nation was shocked when the Russians
    launched Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite. Two months later, the United States suffered disappointment
    when a Navy Vanguard rocket, with its satellite payload, failed to develop sufficient thrust and toppled over on
    the launch pad.
  • Name of Image:
    Shepard Lifts Off
    MIX #:
    6414825
    NIX #:
    MSFC-00334
    Date of Image:
    5-May-61
    Category:
    Rockets
    Full Description:
    Astronaut Alan B, Shepard, Jr. lifts off in the
    Freedom-7 Mercury spacecraft on May 5, 1961.
    This third flight of the Mercury-Redstone (MR-3)
    vehicle, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and
    the rocket team in Huntsville, Alabama, was the
    first manned space mission for the United States.
    During the 15-minute suborbital flight, Shepard
    reached an altitude of 115 miles and traveled 302
    miles downrange.
    (MRPO) MRD/SPD Discipline(s):
    n/a
    (MRPO) Subject Type:
    n/a
    Keywords:
    History, Rockets, Freedom-7
    MSFC Negative Number:
    6414825
    Reference Number:
    0020H
    (MRPO) Source Ref#:
    n/a
  • Rocketry briefing

    1. 1. Rocketry Dan Wilkins
    2. 2. Basic Principles
    3. 3. Operating Principal Newton’s third law of motion: “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.” A rocket is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle which obtains thrust from a rocket engine. In all rockets, the exhaust is formed entirely from propellants carried within the rocket before use. Rocket engines work by action and reaction. Rocket engines push rockets forwards simply by throwing their exhaust backwards extremely fast.
    4. 4. Liquid Fueled Rocket - Operating Principal Thrust: amount depends on mass flow through engine and exit velocity of gas
    5. 5. Solid Fuel Rocket - Operating Principal • Fuel and oxidizer packed together in solid cylinder • Will not burn until heat is applied (store easily) • Bad News – Once ignited, cannot be “un-ignited”
    6. 6. History
    7. 7. History • 1st century A.D. fireworks • 1232 first use as weapon of war • 13th - 15th centuries much experimenting and improving less use as weapons • 16th century step rocket Newton’s laws of motion • 1720 steam-propelled model car • 18th- 19th centuries weapons revival
    8. 8. China! First used as weapon of war (1232 AD)
    9. 9. “And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.” - Francis Scott Key Written after witnessing the bombardment by rockets of Fort McHenry by the British Royal Navy ships in Chesapeake Bay during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.
    10. 10. History - Modern Rocketry • 1898 Space exploration by rocket proposed by writers
    11. 11. • Early 20th century Goddard’s experiments liquid-propelled rockets
    12. 12. • Early 20th century German Rocket Clubs formed
    13. 13. 1941 - 1945 German build first large-scale rockets during World War
    14. 14. 1945 - Today Development of guided rockets continues…..
    15. 15. Spaceflight Begins • October 4, 1957 Sputnik I • January 31, 1958 Explorer I • April 12, 1961 Gagarin first man to orbit Earth • February 20, 1962 John Glenn first American to orbit Earth • • …and the race was on! • • July 20, 1969 Moon landing
    16. 16. “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too. “ President John F. Kennedy, 1962
    17. 17. Sputnik!
    18. 18. Wait a minute, this guy is…?
    19. 19. Yuri Gagarin became the first human being in space on 12th April 1961 when he flew aboard Vostok from Baikonur cosmodrome in the Soviet Union.
    20. 20. John Glenn – First American in orbit
    21. 21. Atlas!
    22. 22. The Space Shuttle
    23. 23. STS!
    24. 24. Hubble!
    25. 25. Launch Failures
    26. 26. My Favorite Launch Failure
    27. 27. The Future of Rocketry
    28. 28. 2004 “Spaceship One”
    29. 29. 2004 “Spaceship One” Launch
    30. 30. 2004 “Spaceship One” In Fight
    31. 31. 2004 “Spaceship One” View
    32. 32. 2004 “Spaceship One” Landing
    33. 33. Commercial Space Travel
    34. 34. SpaceX Dragon Spacecraft
    35. 35. Orbital Sciences “Antares”
    36. 36. Blue Origin Vehicle

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