Filling the knowledge gaps of the digital natives


Published on

Filling the knowledge gaps of the Digital Natives
How we can help Generation Z, born into our data-rich world, learn evaluation and discernment skills? There is the assumption that digital natives know more about how to learn with technology than non-digital natives. However, it is clear that some may have grabbed the calculator before learning to add. Yes, our students can Google search and chat on Facebook and their texting skills will enable them to succeed in thumb wars. This seminar will discuss strategies for teaching students to “dig deeper,” beyond a standard Internet search, and to be enthusiastic searchers and evaluators of information. In addition, once they assess the information, to share the best information ethically, and creatively.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Number of hosts breaks 1,000,000
  • What happens if I ignore the differences between digital natives and digital immigrants? From 2008 – Essay Marc PrenskyYoung Minds, Fast Times"There is so much difference between how students think and how teachers think," offered a female student in Florida.A young man commented, "You think of technology as a tool. We think of it as a foundation -- it's at the basis of everything we do."Bored, Bored, Bored
  • What happens if we fancy ourselves digital natives? "A lot of teachers make a PowerPoint and they think they're so awesome," said a girl in Florida. "But it's just like writing on the blackboard."Even if we have a teacher fresh from the University, they are still 4-6 years behind our oldest students.
  • They speak a different language It is code, and for every code, you learn they create 10 more [jk --- idk] Have you proofread a paper lately that had the letter U for the word you or the number 4 for the word f-o-r
  • Dead Language -- “An extraneous skill” now abandoned in 46 states  Some fear that if we stop teaching students to write in cursive, they'll no longer be able to read cursive either, leaving a swath of written materials that will be undecipherable.  And without cursive, how will people be able to sign their names,
  • Reading, Writing, Typing E-books How different will our libraries look? E-textbooks – closer than you think [Florida, California] Smaller mobile devices - will the QWERTY keyboard change to an alpha-numeric?
  • What can a digital immigrant possibly teach a digital native?The assumption of skill --  (Passanisi & Peters, 2012) "Just because a child jumps at the opportunity to program a TV to record his or her favorite shows does not mean that he or she will approach a classroom learning tool with the same zeal. In our experience, if students are not able to find answers to an Internet search in the first few results pages, they say “I can’t find it,” instead of adjusting their search, or reexamining the results in depth."
  • Ohler, J. (2011). Character education of the digital age. Retrieved from
  • Adaptability  - The most successful people are those who are good at plan B. - James Yorke  Are we helping our students to be inflexible? Sometimes our own rigid policies and habits rub-off on our students // How can we foster adaptability?Learn a new software / learn, unlearn, and relearn [change is constant]Realize that according to the latest statistics only 8.7% of computer users use the MAC operating systems. Where 86.3% use a MS Windows operating system [Mac versus PC] – yet many of us subscribe to an All Mac All the time philosophy. Take notes in a new way /// Throw the curve balls -- Vary assessmentRequire primary research – interviews, surveys
  • Contemplation / Patience - A man who is a master of patience is master of everything else. George Savile YOLO you only live once OR YOYO you’re only young onceWhat is the problem – when there is a lack of patience and contemplation in the digital worldOur students forget about safety, security, and privacyThey make snap or bad decisions that damage their reputationsSullivan, A. (2012, August 30). The digital natives are restless. The Daily Beast, Retrieved from “Our students have no frame of reference of a "pre-Internet" world. They are accustomed to working with intuitive electronics that provide instant gratification, and when they are not able to be "done" quickly, they tend to become discouraged.” … All technology was not created equal for access by these students, and their proficiency is often predicated by the amount of patience and determination required to complete a given task.
  • Respect - Respect is not fear and awe; it...[is]the ability to see a person as he is, to be aware of his unique individuality. Respect, thus, implies the absence of exploitation. I want the loved person to grow and unfold for his own sake, and in his own ways, and not for the purpose of serving me - Erich FrommLanguage is Code The issue of cyberbulling … worse sextingTexting at the tableTexting on a dateUp all night waiting for a textFrom 2006 – Essay “On being disrespected”Respect. We all probably think that we have it for our students. And we certainly think that they should have it for us. But do we? Do they? I am increasingly convinced that mutual disrespect lies at the root of many of today's classroom difficulties.So how do we inject mutual respect—rather than mutual disrespect—into our classrooms? We must foster the important message that each of us, whether adult or kid, teacher or student, is every day a learner in some areas and a teacher in others.Adults must accept that our kids have a lot to teach us, not only about technology, but also about 21st-century life in general, and that we can and should learn from them every day. Kids need to understand, particularly in light of today's rapid technological advances, that their teachers have important lessons to teach about technology—such as the meaning of research and of truth in an era rife with data and technical manipulation.
  • Initiative - Followers not leaders – Copiers not CreatorsFlash MobsTwitterFacebook lurkersTagging, re-tweeting, but not creatingLearned about “Cut and Paste” but not about Copyright and Plagiarism
  • Perseverance - “We are all faced with a series of great opportunities brilliantly disguised as impossible situations.” Charles R. Swindoll  / “Many of the great achievements of the world were accomplished by tired and discouraged men who kept on working.” Unknown  Lack of Intrinsic Motivation or Drive to Learn, only extrinsic motivators grades and prizes - Grade driven parents, everybody gets an award [thus the “you are not special” speech]Fear of failure – hampers learning [give permission to fail – give opportunities to learn from mistakes]
  • Study by librarians and anthropologists – Ethnographic Research in Illinois Academic Libraries Kolowich Steve, S. (2011, August 22). Inside higher ed. Retrieved from students rarely ask librarians for help, even when they need it. The idea of a librarian as an academic expert who is available to talk about assignments and hold their hands through the research process is, in fact, foreign to most students. Those who even have the word “librarian” in their vocabularies often think library staff are only good for pointing to different sections of the stacks.Seth Godin Blog - “The librarian isn't a clerk who happens to work at a library. A librarian is a data hound, a guide, a sherpa and a teacher. The librarian is the interface between reams of data and the untrained but motivated user.” … Library is no longer a warehouse for books --- The library is a house for the librarian.The prevalence of Google in student research is well-documented, but the Illinois researchers found something they did not expect: students were not very good at using Google. They were basically clueless about the logic underlying how the s earch engine organizes and displays its results. Consequently, the students did not know how to build a search that would return good sourcesThere was just one problem, Duke and Asher noted: “Students showed an almost complete lack of interest in seeking assistance from librarians during the search process.” Of all the students they observed -- many of whom struggled to find good sources, to the point of despair -- not one asked a librarian for help.
  • Filling the knowledge gaps of the digital natives

    1. 1. *How we can help Generation Z, born into our data-rich world, learn evaluation and discernment skills? 1
    2. 2. * 1962 - J.C.R. Licklider of MIT proposes the concept of a ―Galactic Network.‖* 1972 – Introduction of Email by Ray Tomlinson, Cambridge, Mass* 1982 - The word ―Internet‖ is used for the first time* 1992 - The Internet Society (ISOC) is chartered / Number of hosts breaks 1,000,000* 2002 - Internet2 now has 200 university, 60 corporate and 40 affiliate members* 2012 - There are now over 2.8 billion social media profiles, representing around half of all internet users worldwide. * 2
    3. 3. (Wood)*3
    4. 4. (Tounge texting.) * 4
    5. 5. Things to think about * CD9 - Code 9 - it means parents are around * KPC - Keeping Parents Clueless * DOC - Drug Of Choice * 420 – Marijuana * OMGIBAN – Oh my God I broke a nail * AWGTHTGTTA - Are We Going To Have To Go Through This Again * 5
    6. 6. Things to think about ("Should we let," 2010) * 6
    7. 7. Things to think about ("Apples-ipad-compare-android-tablet," ) * 7
    8. 8. * 8
    9. 9. * Texting Codes * Read the following quote:* POS =* KPC = *“The great thing in the* What are the maximum world is not so characters in a text much where we stand, as in message what direction * we are moving.” Oliver Wendell Holmes 9
    10. 10. ("Baby ipad," 2010)* 10
    11. 11. "The 12 Guiding Principles of Exceptional Character," developed "The Seven Universal Ethical Attributes,"by the International Center for Leadership in Education developed by the Heartwood Institute CourageAdaptability LoyaltyCompassion JusticeContemplation RespectCourage HopeHonesty HonestyInitiative LoveLoyaltyOptimismPerseveranceRespectResponsibility (Ohler, 2011)Trustworthiness * 11
    12. 12. *Adaptability*Contemplation / Patience*Initiative*Perseverance*Respect * 12
    13. 13. ―The illiterate of the21st century will not bethose who cannot readand write, but thosewho cannotlearn, unlearn, andrelearn.‖Alvin Toffler * 13
    14. 14. *Are we helping our students to be inflexible BECAUSE we ourselves are stuck?* 14
    15. 15. A man who is a master of patience is master of everything else. George Savile (Prayers for patience, 2011)* 15
    16. 16. **I’m Done! * 16
    17. 17. *Respect(Texting on a Date, 2012) 17
    18. 18. * 18
    19. 19. * *Do we need a NEW set of ―rules‖ for polite society? Is there a set of rules we don’t know about?* *Do we respect our students? *Do they respect us 19
    20. 20. "If your ship doesnt come in, swim out to meet it.‖ — Jonathan Winters("Showing initiative," 2010) * 20
    21. 21. * * 21
    22. 22. ("Keep going," 2012) * 22
    23. 23. * ―Many of the great achievements of the world wereaccomplished by tired and discouraged men [and women]who kept on working.‖ -Unknown * 23
    24. 24. * ―Of all the students theyobserved -- many of whomstruggled to find goodsources, to the point ofdespair -- not one asked alibrarian for help.‖ 24
    25. 25. PowerPoint Images:Wood, J. (n.d.). Diamond iverse comic. Retrieved from push-on-the-string-with-new-digital-comics-announcement/(n.d.). Tounge texting. [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from Should we let cursive die. [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from Apples-ipad-compare-android-tablet. [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from Baby ipad . [Web Photo]. Retrieved from sm250.jpg(2011). Prayers for patience. [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from content/uploads/2011/02/Prayers-for-Patience.jpg(2012). Texting on a Date. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from technology-off-the-dinner-table/(2010). Showing initiative. (2010). [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from 10-Tips-for-Adding-Value-by-Showing-Initiative.jpg(2012). Keep going. (2012). [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from content/uploads/2012/02/keepgoing.png(2012). Browsers os. (2012). [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from Osnews browser os stats. (2012). [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from 25
    26. 26. ReferenceCarr, N. (2011). The shallows, what the internet is doing to our brains. New York: W. W. Norton & Co Inc.Charlie, O. (2012, April 24). Are students today truly tech savvy. Retrieved from, S. (2011, May 16). The future of the library [Web log message]. Retrieved from, I. (2010). Texting zombies: The scourge of text messaging in public. Retrieved from, I. (2009). Unicycling clowns, train wrecks, and pilots forgetting to land. Retrieved from, C. (2012). Not all today’s students are tech-savvy. Economic and Social Research Council, Retrieved from, D. (2011). Thinking, fast and slow. New York, NY: Farrar Straus & Giroux.Kolowich Steve, S. (2011, August 22). What Students Dont Know. Inside higher ed. Retrieved from _reveals_alarmingly_poor_information_literacy_and_skills 26
    27. 27. ReferenceOhler, J. (2011). Character education of the digital age. Retrieved from leadership/feb11/vol68/num05/Character-Education-for-the-Digital-Age.aspxPassanisi, J., & Peters, S. (2012, August 28). Being a digital native isn’t enough [Web log message]. Retrieved from, M. (2012). From digital natives to digital wisdom: Hopeful essays for 21st century learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin PressPrensky, M. (2010). Teaching digital natives, partnering for real learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.Rebora, A. (2012) Why Digital Natives Need Help With Technology. EducationWeek Teacher Retrieved from, A. (2012). The digital natives are restless. The Daily Beast, Retrieved from 27
    28. 28. ReferenceWatters , A. (2011, October 06). In the Digital Age, Is Teaching Cursive Relevant? Mediashift. Retrieved from, D. (2012). Too big to know: Rethinking knowledge now that the facts arent the facts, experts are everywhere, and the smartest person in the room is the room. New York, NY: Basic Books.Wiersma, W. (2009). [PDF]. Digital Natives: Mythical tribe, or savvy youth of nowadays? Retrieved from,Wybo,Digital_natives_mythical_tribe_or_tech_savvy_you th_of_nowadays.pdf 28
    29. 29. OS Platform Statistics 2012 Win7 Vista NT* WinXP Linux Mac Mobile August 54.5% 3.2% 1.3% 24.8% 5.0% 8.7% 1.8% July 53.8% 3.4% 1.2% 26.1% 4.9% 8.2% 1.7% June 53.2% 3.7% 1.1% 26.2% 5.0% 8.6% 1.6% May 52.3% 3.9% 1.1% 26.8% 4.9% 9.0% 1.6% April 51.3% 4.2% 1.0% 27.3% 4.9% 9.3% 1.5% March 49.9% 4.3% 1.0% 28.9% 4.9% 8.9% 1.4% February 48.7% 4.5% 0.8% 30.0% 5.0% 9.1% 1.3% January 47.1% 4.8% 0.9% 31.4% 4.9% 9.0% 1.3% ("Browsers os," 2012) * 29
    30. 30. ("Os news browser os," 2012)* 30